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Civics: Government and Economics in Action 1 Chapter 3: The Meaning of Citizenship.

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Presentation on theme: "Civics: Government and Economics in Action 1 Chapter 3: The Meaning of Citizenship."— Presentation transcript:

1 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 1 Chapter 3: The Meaning of Citizenship

2 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 2 Chapter Links Section 1 What it means to be a Citizen Section 2 Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities Section 3 Citizenship and Our Other Roles

3 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 3 Section Outline: I. Who is a Citizen II. The Office of a Citizen Main Idea: Americans become citizens in a variety of ways. Each citizen holds an office, the office of citizen, that comes with important rights and duties. Key Terms: Citizen Naturalized Alien Representatives Section 1 What is Means to be a Citizen

4 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 4 Who is a Citizen Citizen –A person with certain rights and duties under a government Citizenship requirements –Being born in America or one of its territories –Having at least one American parent when you are born Naturalization –The process of becoming a citizen

5 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 5 The Office of a Citizen Abraham Lincoln –Observed that ours is a government of the people, by people [and] for the people. Representatives –People who are chosen to speak and act for their fellow citizens in government. –Members of Congress, the President, city council members, mayors, governors, and many of our judges.

6 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 6 Section Outline: I. Rights of Citizens II. Duties of Citizens III. Responsibilities of Citizens Main Idea: Citizenship is not just a connection to your country of origin or naturalization. All citizens must uphold the rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizenship. Key Terms: Rule of Law Jury of Peers Witness Common Good Candidate Section 2 Rights, Duties, and Responsibilities

7 Citizenship Chart Below your chart, explain the following: –Duty –Responsibility –Role Fill in your chart using p –Explain why each is important TO YOU Civics: Government and Economics in Action 7

8 Citizenship Chart On the back of the paper, create a web showing 5 of your roles –Then, find 5 people and show 5 of their roles as well. Civics: Government and Economics in Action 8

9 9 Rights of Citizens Holding the Office of Citizen –Entitles a citizen to all the rights afforded to Americans by the Constitution of the United States of America. –Our rights are protected by the courts. American Rights –Based on fundamental beliefs and values that Americans share: equal respect, freedom, equality, and justice.

10 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 10 Some American Rights The right to vote and hold elected office The right to say what you think in speech or in writing The right to practice your own religion The right to have a fair trial All Americans Have:

11 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 11 Duties of Citizens Some duties of a citizen 1.Obeying the laws 2.Defending the nation 3.Serving on a jury or as a witness in court 4.Paying taxes 5.Attending school The Rule of Law –The concept of laws, rather than men and women. –In a democracy, no individual is above the law.

12 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 12 Duties of Citizens (cont.) Jury of Peers –A group of ordinary citizens who hear the case and decide whether the accused person is innocent or guilty. Witness – A person who has seen events related to a crime or who has special information that may help determine the guilt or innocence of the person on trial.

13 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 13

14 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 14 Responsibilities of Citizens American Citizens –Responsibilities are fulfilled by choice Working Towards the Common Good –The well being of all members of society Voting –The right to vote is one of the most basic and important American rights Holding Government Office –These citizens may be elected or appointed

15 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 15 Responsibilities of Citizens (cont.) Election Campaigns –Candidate: person running for office Influencing Government –Good citizens express their thoughts to the representatives and government officials. Serving the Community –Each citizen should act to serve his or her community when possible.

16 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 16 Main Idea: Social roles are part of our everyday lives. We play many different social roles. Each one requires a certain kind of behavior. Each also requires a certain level of participation over the course of our lives. Key Terms: Social Roles Section 3 Citizenship and Our Other Roles Section Outline: I. Playing Social Roles II. Roles as Expected Behaviors III. Level of Participation IV. The Citizen Role

17 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 17 Playing Social Roles Everyday Roles –Mother, Daughter, Husband, or Son Social Roles –Roles that people play in real life Citizen Roles Our Many Social Roles –We are born into many roles, but some roles are the result of choice.

18 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 18

19 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 19 Roles as Expected Behaviors Your Roles –The way you play a role depends on how you want to play it, and what kind of person you are. Changing Roles –Sometimes people play the same roles in different ways, depending on the situation. Roles may overlap with each other Roles may conflict with each other

20 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 20 Level of Participation Choice –Only you can decide how actively you are going to pursue a given role Consequences –You must accept the consequences of participating or not participating. –Most people find that when they participate fully in a role, they feel satisfaction and a betters sense of who they are.

21 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 21 The Citizen Role Active Participants –Americans have the choice to play the Citizen Role at whatever level they like. Contributing to the Common Good –Participation in leads to a better society for all Priorities –Only you can decide how much time and energy to spend on being a contributing citizen.

22 Citizenship Pamphlet Create a pamphlet for the governments recruitment agency which shows what it means to be a U.S. citizen (1 illustration for each tab 2-5) Flap 1 – Cover Flap 2 – How to be a U.S. citizen (3) Flap 3 – Rights of a U.S. citizen (3) Flap 4 – Responsibilities (3) Flap 5 – Duties (3) Flap 6 – where to find more information (website, phone, etc) 22


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