3 Revivals in New York: Charles G. Finney Baptists and Methodists: Peter CartwrightMillennialism: William MillerMormons: 1) Joseph Smith 2) Brigham Young (New Zion)Caused division between newer sections and older Protestant churches
4 CultureTranscendentalists mystical and intuitive way of thinking. Means of discovering one’s inner self and looking for the essence of God in nature.
5 Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) “The American Scholar” 1837 address at Harvard.Break away from British control.Self-reliance, independent thinking.Spiritual matters over material matters.
6 Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) 2 year experiment alone in woods, find truth of life and universe.Walden (1854) pioneer ecologist and conservationist.“On Civil Disobedience” advocate of nonviolent protest.