Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Lesson 2 Do you… Fad Diets and Eating Disorders These weight-loss strategies are risky. Not only do they often fail to produce long-term results, but.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2 Do you… Fad Diets and Eating Disorders These weight-loss strategies are risky. Not only do they often fail to produce long-term results, but."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Lesson 2 Do you… Fad Diets and Eating Disorders These weight-loss strategies are risky. Not only do they often fail to produce long-term results, but they can also cause serious health problems. Eat only a few types of food? Use diet pills? Follow a liquid diet?

3 Lesson 2 Lesson Objectives Describe the risks of fad diets and other dangerous weight- loss strategies. Describe the causes, symptoms, and treatment of eating disorders. Provide help to someone with an eating disorder. Identify the presence of an eating disorder as a situation requiring assistance from professional health services. In this lesson, youll learn to:

4 Lesson 2 Fad Diets Risky Weight-Loss Strategies Fad dietsFad diets are hard to stick with because they limit food variety. Some are costly because they require dieters to buy certain products. They fail to provide the body with the nutrients it needs for health and growth. Any weight lost on fad diets is usually regained.

5 Lesson 2 A person on a liquid diet replaces all of his or her food intake with a special liquid formula. Some problems with liquid diets: They do not meet the bodys energy needs, as they are very low-calorie diets. They often leave the dieter feeling fatigued. Many do not provide the body with fiber and needed nutrients. Liquid Diets Risky Weight-Loss Strategies

6 Lesson 2 Relying on high-protein, low-carbohydrate liquids as the only source of nutrients can cause serious health problems and even death. Dangers of Liquid Diets Risky Weight-Loss Strategies The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA): Requires liquid diet products to carry warning labels. Recommends that liquid diets be used only under close medical supervision.

7 Lesson 2 To fast is to abstain from eating. Fasting for more than short periods deprives your body of needed nutrients and energy. If people who are fasting avoid liquids, they may become dehydrated. Fasting may not be advisable for those with diabetes or other health conditions. Fasting Risky Weight-Loss Strategies

8 Lesson 2 Many diet pills work by suppressing appetite. A low-risk pill that meets claims of burning, blocking, or flushing fat from the body has not yet been developed. Diet Pills Risky Weight-Loss Strategies Drowsiness Racing Heart Addiction Dehydration Side Effects of Diet Pills

9 Lesson 2 Weight Cycling Weight cyclingWeight cycling is common in people who follow fad diets. Weight loss on these types of diets is usually from water, not body fat. Water weight lost is quickly regained. Slow and steady weight loss is the best strategy for long-lasting results. Weight Loss and Weight Gain

10 Lesson 2 The Risks of Eating Disorders An eating disorder may be brought on by mental or emotional factors such as:eating disorder What Causes Eating Disorders? Poor body image. Family pressures. Social pressures. Perfectionism. Genetics.

11 Lesson 2 Anorexia nervosaAnorexia nervosa is a psychological disorder with emotional and physical consequences. The disorder relates to an individuals self-concept and coping abilities. Outside pressures, high expectations, a need to be accepted, and a need to achieve are characteristics associated with the development of anorexia. Anorexia Nervosa The Risks of Eating Disorders

12 Lesson 2 Medical specialists have found genetics, hormones, and certain brain chemicals to trigger anorexia in some people. Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa The Risks of Eating Disorders Symptoms: Extremely low caloric intake An obsession with exercising Emotional problems An unnatural interest in food A distorted body image Denial of an eating problem

13 Lesson 2 Physical consequences of anorexia are related to malnutrition and starvation. It may stop menstruation in women. Health Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa The Risks of Eating Disorders Other consequences: Loss of bone density Low body temperature Low blood pressure Slowed metabolism Reduction in organ size Serious heart problems

14 Lesson 2 A person with bulimia nervosa Bulimia Nervosa The Risks of Eating Disorders Purges the food from the body Binges or quickly consumes large amounts of food Fasts or follows a strict diet

15 Lesson 2 The exact cause of bulimia is unknown, but societal pressures, self-esteem issues, and family problems may be factors. Symptoms: Distorted body image Unnatural interest in food Causes and Symptoms of Bulimia The Risks of Eating Disorders

16 Lesson 2 Health Consequences of Bulimia Nervosa Vomiting destroys tooth enamel and causes tooth decay. It also damages the tissues of the stomach, esophagus, and mouth. Frequent vomiting and diarrhea can lead to dehydration, kidney damage, and irregular heartbeat. Frequent use of laxatives can disrupt digestion and absorption and can cause nutrient deficiencies. It can also change the composition of the blood. The Risks of Eating Disorders

17 Lesson 2 People with binge eating disorder consume huge amounts of food at one time but do not try to purge.binge eating disorder This disorder may signal the use of food as a coping mechanism for strong emotions or depression. Binge Eating Disorder The Risks of Eating Disorders

18 Lesson 2 Binge eating disorder often results in unhealthful weight gain, which contributes to health problems such as: Health Consequences of Binge Eating Disorder Type 2 diabetes. Heart disease and stroke. Gallbladder problems. High blood pressure. High cholesterol. Increased risk of certain types of cancer. The Risks of Eating Disorders

19 Lesson 2 People with eating disorders need professional medical and psychological help. They may also benefit from support groups and clinics. Help for Eating Disorders The Risks of Eating Disorders

20 Lesson 2 How You Can Help People with Eating Disorders The Risks of Eating Disorders If you believe a friend might be developing an eating disorder, you can: Discuss the problem with a trusted adult. Encourage your friend to seek professional help, and be supportive.

21 Lesson 2 1. Liquid diets 2. Fasts 3. Diet pills 4. Fad diets Q. _____ are weight-loss plans that are popular for only a short time. Quick Review Choose the appropriate option.

22 Lesson 2 A. Fad diets are weight-loss plans that are popular for only a short time. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

23 Lesson 2 Q. Describe the symptoms and treatment of the eating disorder anorexia nervosa. Quick Review Provide a short answer to the question given below. Click Next to view the answer.

24 Lesson 2 A. Symptoms of anorexia nervosa include: Extremely low caloric intake An obsession with exercising Emotional problems An unnatural interest in food A distorted body image Denial of an eating problem Treatment includes a stay at a hospital where the person can receive nutrients to regain weight and strength. It also requires psychological counseling. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

25 Lesson 2 Q. What is bulimia nervosa? Quick Review Provide a short answer to the question given below. Click Next to view the answer.

26 Lesson 2 A. Bulimia nervosa is a disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

27 Lesson 2 Why do people with eating disorders require assistance from professional health services? Quick Review Provide a short answer to the question given below.

28 Lesson 2 Risky Weight-Loss Strategies Fad dietsFad diets are hard to stick with because they limit food variety. Some are costly because they require dieters to buy certain products. They fail to provide the body with the nutrients it needs for health and growth. Any weight lost on fad diets is usually regained. Fad Diets Fad diets are weight-loss plans that are popular for only a short time.

29 Lesson 2 Weight cyclingWeight cycling is common in people who follow fad diets. Weight loss on these types of diets is usually from water, not body fat. Water weight lost is quickly regained. Slow and steady weight loss is the best strategy for long-lasting results. Weight Cycling Weight Loss and Weight Gain The repeated pattern of loss and regain of body weight is called weight cycling.

30 Lesson 2 An eating disorder may be brought on by mental or emotional factors such as:eating disorder Poor body image. Family pressures. Social pressures. Perfectionism. Genetics. The Risks of Eating Disorders What Causes Eating Disorders? An eating disorder is an extreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or even death. An eating disorder is an extreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or even death.

31 Lesson 2 Anorexia nervosaAnorexia nervosa is a psychological disorder with emotional and physical consequences. The disorder relates to an individuals self-concept and coping abilities. Outside pressures, high expectations, a need to be accepted, and a need to achieve are characteristics associated with the development of anorexia. Anorexia Nervosa The Risks of Eating Disorders Anorexia nervosa is a disorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese results in severe weight loss from self-imposed starvation.

32 Lesson 2 A person with bulimia nervosa Binges or quickly consumes large amounts of food Fasts or follows a strict diet Bulimia nervosa is a disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating. Purges the food from the body Bulimia Nervosa The Risks of Eating Disorders

33 Lesson 2 People with binge eating disorder consume huge amounts of food at one time but do not try to purge.binge eating disorder This disorder may signal the use of food as a coping mechanism for strong emotions or depression. Binge Eating Disorder The Risks of Eating Disorders Binge eating disorder is a disorder characterized by compulsive overeating. Binge eating disorder is a disorder characterized by compulsive overeating.

34 Lesson 2 A. Correct! Fad diets are weight-loss plans that are popular for only a short time. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

35 Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer. Quick Review - Answer


Download ppt "Lesson 2 Do you… Fad Diets and Eating Disorders These weight-loss strategies are risky. Not only do they often fail to produce long-term results, but."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google