Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2: Eating Disorders. Eating Disorder – An extreme and damaging eating behavior that can lead to sickness and even death. 24 million people."— Presentation transcript:
Lesson 2: Eating Disorders
Eating Disorder – An extreme and damaging eating behavior that can lead to sickness and even death. 24 million people have an eating disorder in the U.S. These disorders have nothing to do with food but are brought on by mental/emotional problems.
Binge Eating Disorder – Compulsive Overeating. A compulsion is something you feel you cannot control and binge eaters can’t control their desire to eat.
They eat even when they aren’t hungry. Because of the excessive amounts of food they eat, most compulsive eaters have serious weight problems and are considered obese. Obesity – Weighing more than 20% higher than what is appropriate for their height, age, and body frame.
Anorexia Nervosa – An eating disorder characterized by self-starvation leading to extreme weight loss. Most common in females 14 – 18 years old, but can also occur in males. People who have Anorexia often have low self-esteem and poor body image.
They starve themselves to gain control of their life. If left untreated a person with Anorexia could die from starvation, heart failure, kidney failure, or other medical complications. The depression that is associated with it can also lead to thoughts of suicide.
Bulimia Nervosa – A condition in which a person eats large amounts of food and then secretly purges Purge – Getting rid of or removing something
How people purge Forcefully vomiting Taking Laxatives Exercising excessively to burn off the calories they have taken in
Health Risks associated with Bulimia: ◦ Stomach acids from frequent vomiting can eat away tooth enamel and injure the mouth and throat. ◦ Hormone imbalance from frequent vomiting along with dehydration, damage to the kidneys and liver, and loss of important minerals.
Counselors Primary care doctor Nutritionists ◦ When an eating disorder involves serious medical problems or severe depression, a hospital or special treatment facility may be recommended.