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Lesson 2 Do you… Fad Diets and Eating Disorders These weight-loss strategies are risky. Not only do they often fail to produce long-term results, but.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2 Do you… Fad Diets and Eating Disorders These weight-loss strategies are risky. Not only do they often fail to produce long-term results, but."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Lesson 2 Do you… Fad Diets and Eating Disorders These weight-loss strategies are risky. Not only do they often fail to produce long-term results, but they can also cause serious health problems. Eat only a few types of food? Use diet pills? Follow a liquid diet?

3 Lesson 2 Explain the risks of fad diets and other harmful weight-loss strategies Describe the causes and symptoms of eating disorders Develop decision-making skills to get help for someone you know who has an eating disorder In this lesson, you will learn to: Lesson Objectives

4 Lesson 2 Fad Diets Risky Weight-Loss Strategies Fad diets are hard to stick with because they limit food variety.Fad diets Some are costly because they require dieters to buy certain products. They fail to provide the body with the nutrients it needs for health and growth. Any weight lost on fad diets is usually regained.

5 Lesson 2 A person on a liquid diet replaces all of his or her food intake with a special liquid formula. Some problems with liquid diets: They do not meet the bodys energy needs, as they are very low-calorie diets. They often leave the dieter feeling fatigued. Many do not provide the body with fiber and needed nutrients. Liquid Diets Risky Weight-Loss Strategies

6 Lesson 2 Relying on high-protein, low-carbohydrate liquids as the only source of nutrients can cause serious health problems and even death. Dangers of Liquid Diets The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA): Requires liquid diet products to carry warning labels. Recommends that liquid diets be used only under close medical supervision. Risky Weight-Loss Strategies

7 Lesson 2 To fast is to abstain from eating. Fasting for more than short periods deprives your body of needed nutrients and energy. If people who are fasting avoid liquids, they may become dehydrated. Fasting may not be advisable for those with diabetes or other health conditions. Fasting Risky Weight-Loss Strategies

8 Lesson 2 Many diet pills work by suppressing appetite. A low-risk pill that meets claims of burning, blocking, or flushing fat from the body has not yet been developed. Diet Pills Drowsiness Racing Heart Addiction Dehydration Side Effects of Diet Pills Risky Weight-Loss Strategies

9 Lesson 2 Weight Cycling Weight cycling is common in people who follow fad diets. Weight loss on these types of diets is usually from water, not body fat.Weight cycling Water weight lost is quickly regained. Slow and steady weight loss is the best strategy for long- lasting results. Weight Loss and Weight Gain

10 Lesson 2 The Risks of Eating Disorders An eating disorder may be brought on by mental or emotional factors such as:eating disorder What Causes Eating Disorders? Poor body image Family pressures Social pressures Perfectionism Genetics

11 Lesson 2 Anorexia nervosa is a psychological disorder with emotional and physical consequences.Anorexia nervosa The disorder relates to an individuals self-concept and coping abilities. Outside pressures, high expectations, a need to be accepted, and a need to achieve are characteristics associated with the development of anorexia. Anorexia Nervosa The Risks of Eating Disorders

12 Lesson 2 Medical specialists have found genetics, hormones, and certain brain chemicals to trigger anorexia in some people. Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms: Extremely low caloric intake An obsession with exercising Emotional problems An unnatural interest in food A distorted body image Denial of an eating problem The Risks of Eating Disorders

13 Lesson 2 Physical consequences of anorexia are related to malnutrition and starvation. It may stop menstruation in women. Health Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa Other consequences: Loss of bone density Low body temperature Low blood pressure Slowed metabolism Reduction in organ size Serious heart problems The Risks of Eating Disorders

14 Lesson 2 A person with bulimia nervosa Bulimia Nervosa Purges the food from the body Binges or quickly consumes large amounts of food Fasts or follows a strict diet The Risks of Eating Disorders

15 Lesson 2 The exact cause of bulimia is unknown, but societal pressures, self-esteem issues, and family problems may be factors. Symptoms: Distorted body image Unnatural interest in food Causes and Symptoms of Bulimia The Risks of Eating Disorders

16 Lesson 2 Health Consequences of Bulimia Nervosa Vomiting destroys tooth enamel and causes tooth decay. It also damages the tissues of the stomach, esophagus, and mouth. Frequent vomiting and diarrhea can lead to dehydration, kidney damage, and irregular heartbeat. Frequent use of laxatives can disrupt digestion and absorption and can cause nutrient deficiencies. It can also change the composition of the blood. The Risks of Eating Disorders

17 Lesson 2 People with binge eating disorder consume huge amounts of food at one time but do not try to purge.binge eating disorder This disorder may signal the use of food as a coping mechanism for strong emotions or depression. Binge Eating Disorder The Risks of Eating Disorders

18 Lesson 2 Binge eating disorder often results in unhealthful weight gain, which contributes to health problems such as: Health Consequences of Binge Eating Disorder Type 2 diabetes Heart disease and stroke Gallbladder problems High blood pressure High cholesterol Increased risk of certain types of cancer The Risks of Eating Disorders

19 Lesson 2 People with eating disorders need professional medical and psychological help. They may also benefit from support groups and clinics. Help for Eating Disorders The Risks of Eating Disorders

20 Lesson 2 How You Can Help People with Eating Disorders If you believe a friend might be developing an eating disorder, you can: Discuss the problem with a trusted adult. Encourage your friend to seek professional help, and be supportive. The Risks of Eating Disorders

21 Lesson 2 1. Liquid diets 2. Fasts 3. Diet pills 4. Fad diets Q. _____ are weight-loss plans that are popular for only a short time. Choose the appropriate option. Quick Review

22 Lesson 2 A. 4. Fad diets Fad diets are weight-loss plans that are popular for only a short time. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

23 Lesson 2 Quick Review 1. obsessive-compulsive behavior. 2. rashes, acne, and other skin problems. 3. extremely low calorie intake and an obsession with exercise. 4. cravings for fatty foods. Q. Symptoms of anorexia nervosa include _____.

24 Lesson 2 Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer A. 3. extremely low calorie intake and an obsession with exercise. Symptoms of anorexia nervosa are: extremely low calorie intake and an obsession with exercise.

25 Lesson 2 Quick Review Q. Bulimia nervosa is a disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating. True False Choose the appropriate option.

26 Lesson 2 Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer A. True. Bulimia nervosa is a disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating.

27 Lesson 2 Q. Why do people with eating disorders require assistance from professional health services? 1.It is the easiest way to solve the problem. 2. Eating disorders could lead to serious illness or death. 3. Eating disorders only affect young girls, and they need professional health services more than others as they are underrepresented in the field of medicine. 4. Eating disorders, if left untreated, could be passed on to the sufferers children. Quick Review

28 Lesson 2 Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer A. 2. Eating disorders could lead to serious illness or death. People with eating disorders require assistance from professional health services because: eating disorders are extremely harmful behaviors that could lead to serious illness or death.

29 Lesson 2 End of Lesson 2 Click Home to view the Main menu.

30 Lesson 2 Fad diets are hard to stick with because they limit food variety.Fad diets Some are costly because they require dieters to buy certain products. They fail to provide the body with the nutrients it needs for health and growth. Any weight lost on fad diets is usually regained. Fad Diets Fad diets are weight-loss plans that are popular for only a short time. Risky Weight-Loss Strategies

31 Lesson 2 Weight cycling is common in people who follow fad diets. Weight loss on these types of diets is usually from water, not body fat.Weight cycling Water weight lost is quickly regained. Slow and steady weight loss is the best strategy for long- lasting results. Weight Loss and Weight Gain Weight cycling is the repeated pattern of loss and regain of body weight. Weight Cycling

32 Lesson 2 An eating disorder may be brought on by mental or emotional factors such as:eating disorder Poor body image. Family pressures. Social pressures. Perfectionism. Genetics. What Causes Eating Disorders? An eating disorder is an extreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or even death. An eating disorder is an extreme, harmful eating behavior that can cause serious illness or even death. The Risks of Eating Disorders

33 Lesson 2 Anorexia nervosa is a psychological disorder with emotional and physical consequences.Anorexia nervosa The disorder relates to an individuals self-concept and coping abilities. Outside pressures, high expectations, a need to be accepted, and a need to achieve are characteristics associated with the development of anorexia. Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia nervosa is a disorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese results in severe weight loss from self-imposed starvation. The Risks of Eating Disorders

34 Lesson 2 A person with bulimia nervosa Binges or quickly consumes large amounts of food Purges the food from the body Bulimia Nervosa The Risks of Eating Disorders Fasts or follows a strict diet Bulimia nervosa is a disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating. Bulimia nervosa is a disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating.

35 Lesson 2 People with binge eating disorder consume huge amounts of food at one time but do not try to purge.binge eating disorder This disorder may signal the use of food as a coping mechanism for strong emotions or depression. Binge Eating Disorder Binge eating disorder is a disorder characterized by compulsive overeating. Binge eating disorder is a disorder characterized by compulsive overeating. The Risks of Eating Disorders

36 Lesson 2 A. Correct! Fad diets are weight-loss plans that are popular for only a short time. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

37 Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer. Quick Review - Answer

38 Lesson 2 A. Correct! Symptoms of anorexia nervosa are: extremely low calorie intake and an obsession with exercise. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

39 Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer. Quick Review - Answer

40 Lesson 2 A. Correct! Bulimia nervosa is a disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

41 Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer. Quick Review - Answer

42 Lesson 2 A. Correct! People with eating disorders require assistance from professional health services because: eating disorders are extremely harmful behaviors that could lead to serious illness or death. Click Next to attempt another question. Quick Review - Answer

43 Lesson 2 You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try again, or click Next to view the correct answer. Quick Review - Answer


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