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Slide 1 of 25 Chemistry 2.3. © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Elements and Compounds > Slide 2 of 25 Distinguishing Elements and Compounds How are elements.

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Presentation on theme: "Slide 1 of 25 Chemistry 2.3. © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Elements and Compounds > Slide 2 of 25 Distinguishing Elements and Compounds How are elements."— Presentation transcript:

1 Slide 1 of 25 Chemistry 2.3

2 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Elements and Compounds > Slide 2 of 25 Distinguishing Elements and Compounds How are elements and compounds different? 2.3 3

3 Slide 3 of 25 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall > Elements and Compounds Distinguishing Elements and Compounds An element is the simplest form of matter that has a unique set of properties. A compound is a substance that contains two or more elements chemically combined in a fixed proportion. 2.3

4 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 4 of 25 Elements and Compounds > Distinguishing Elements and Compounds Compounds can be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means, but elements cannot. 2.3

5 Slide 5 of 25 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall > Elements and Compounds Distinguishing Elements and Compounds Breaking Down Compounds A chemical change is a change that produces matter with a different composition than the original matter. When table sugar is heated, it goes through a series of chemical changes. 2.3

6 Slide 6 of 25 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall > Elements and Compounds Distinguishing Elements and Compounds The final products of these chemical changes are solid carbon and water vapor. The following diagram summarizes the process. 2.3

7 Slide 7 of 25 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Elements and Compounds > Distinguishing Elements and Compounds Properties of Compounds The properties of compounds are quite different from those of their component elements. When the elements sodium and chlorine combine chemically to form sodium chloride, there is a change in composition and a change in properties. 2.3

8 Slide 8 of 25 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall > Elements and Compounds Distinguishing Elements and Compounds Chlorine is used to kill harmful organisms in swimming pools. 2.3

9 Slide 9 of 25 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall > Elements and Compounds Distinguishing Elements and Compounds Sodium is stored under oil to keep it from reacting with oxygen or water vapor in the air. Sodium vapor produces the light in some street lamps. 2.3

10 Slide 10 of 25 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall > Elements and Compounds Distinguishing Elements and Compounds Sodium Chloride (commonly known as table salt) is used to season or preserve food. 2.3

11 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Elements and Compounds > Slide 11 of 25 Distinguishing Substances and Mixtures 2.3 Distinguishing Substances and Mixtures How can you tell the difference between substances and mixtures?

12 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 12 of 25 Elements and Compounds > Distinguishing Substances and Mixtures 2.3 If the composition of a material is fixed, the material is a substance. If the composition of a material can vary, the material is a mixture.

13 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 13 of 25 Elements and Compounds > Distinguishing Substances and Mixtures This flowchart summarizes the process for classifying matter. 2.3

14 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 14 of 25

15 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 15 of 25

16 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 16 of 25

17 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 17 of 25 Practice Problems for Conceptual Problem 2.2 Problem Solving 2.19 Solve Problem 19 with the help of an interactive guided tutorial

18 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 18 of 25 Elements and Compounds > Symbols and Formulas Chemists use chemical symbols to represent elements, and chemical formulas to represent compounds. These chemical symbols were used in earlier centuries. 2.3

19 Slide 19 of 25 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall > Elements and Compounds Symbols and Formulas Each element is represented by a one or two- letter chemical symbol. 2.3

20 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 20 of 25 Section Quiz -or- Continue to: Launch: Assess students understanding of the concepts in Section 2.3 Section Quiz. 2.3.

21 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 21 of Section Quiz 1.Passing an electric current through a certain substance produces oxygen and sulfur. This substance cannot be a(n) a.compound. b.mixture. c.element. d.solution.

22 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 22 of Section Quiz 2.Which of the following is a mixture? a.sodium chloride b.carbon dioxide c.sucrose d.air

23 © Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Slide 23 of Section Quiz. 3.The symbol for the element potassium is a.K. b.Po. c.P. d.Pt.

24 END OF SHOW


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