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The Great Depression Part 1 1. All of the following were causes of the Great Depression except Poor banking practices Depressed precious metal prices.

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Presentation on theme: "The Great Depression Part 1 1. All of the following were causes of the Great Depression except Poor banking practices Depressed precious metal prices."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 The Great Depression Part 1

3 1. All of the following were causes of the Great Depression except Poor banking practices Depressed precious metal prices European countries inability to pay their debts European countries inability to pay their debts Overproduction in factories and on farms

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6 2. The Bonus Army marched on Washington, D.C., to pressure Congress to Pass the Norris–La Guardia Anti- Injunction Act to protect organized labor Pass the Norris–La Guardia Anti- Injunction Act to protect organized labor Pay World War I veterans their army pensions early Pay World War I veterans their army pensions early Your toupee is on backward Dole out federal aid to the homeless and depressed living in Hoovervilles Dole out federal aid to the homeless and depressed living in Hoovervilles

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9 3. How did Herbert Hoover believe that the economy could be revived? Through government intervention to directly assist the poor Through government intervention to directly assist the poor By supporting industry in the hopes that federal dollars at the top would trickle down to the poorest Americans By supporting industry in the hopes that federal dollars at the top would trickle down to the poorest Americans By forcing Britain and France to repay their war debts By forcing Britain and France to repay their war debts By shifting the base of the economy away from heavy industry toward the production of consumer goods By shifting the base of the economy away from heavy industry toward the production of consumer goods

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12 4. Why did topsoil turn to a fine layer of infertile dust in the Dust Bowl region of the United States? Tornadoes had ravaged the region Farmers had not planted soil-replenishing crops Farmers had not planted soil-replenishing crops The area was poorly irrigated All of the above

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15 5. Franklin Delano Roosevelt won a landslide victory in 1932 because Americans Were dissatisfied with Hoovers ride-it-out policy Were dissatisfied with Hoovers ride-it-out policy All of the above Distrusted Hoover after the Battle of Anacostia Flats Distrusted Hoover after the Battle of Anacostia Flats Wanted more direct federal assistance Wanted more direct federal assistance

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18 6. The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s was not different from the Klan of the nineteenth The KKK of the 1920s was also anti-black The KKK of the 1920s was also anti-black All of the above The KKK of the 1920s was also anti-immigration The KKK of the 1920s was also anti-immigration The KKK of the 1920s was also anti-Jewish The KKK of the 1920s was also anti-Jewish

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21 7. What prompted the 1919– 1920 Red Scare in the United States? All of the above The 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia The 1917 Bolshevik Revolution in Russia Eugene V. Debs and the rise of the Socialist Party Eugene V. Debs and the rise of the Socialist Party The influx of southern and eastern European immigrants to the United States The influx of southern and eastern European immigrants to the United States

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24 8. The Eighteenth Amendment Gave women the right to vote Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol Ended Prohibition Allowed Americans to elect U.S. senators directly Allowed Americans to elect U.S. senators directly

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27 9. In which U.S. election were women first allowed to vote?

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30 10. The Emergency Quota Act severely reduced immigration from Northern Europe Southern and eastern Europe Latin America Ireland and Germany

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33 11. What do the conspirators do at the Senate? ? Increased national immigration quotas from their 1921 levels Increased national immigration quotas from their 1921 levels Decreased national immigration quotas from their 1921 levels Decreased national immigration quotas from their 1921 levels Forbade Chinese immigrants from entering the United States Forbade Chinese immigrants from entering the United States Forbade Latin Americans from entering the United States Forbade Latin Americans from entering the United States

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36 12. The Scopes Monkey Trial illustrated the heated debate between Democrats and Republicans regarding immigration Democrats and Republicans regarding immigration Christian fundamentalists and those who believed in natural selection Christian fundamentalists and those who believed in natural selection The wets and the drys regarding Prohibition The wets and the drys regarding Prohibition Liberals and conservatives regarding the New Deal Liberals and conservatives regarding the New Deal

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39 13. What caused the so-called Roosevelt Recession of 1937? Overspending The U.S. governments overly hasty retreat from deficit spending The U.S. governments overly hasty retreat from deficit spending Germanys inability to repay war reparations to Britain and France Germanys inability to repay war reparations to Britain and France Over-speculation in western lands Over-speculation in western lands

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42 14. What did the 1939 Hatch Act do? Reduced the exorbitantly high tax on foreign goods under the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Reduced the exorbitantly high tax on foreign goods under the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Barred federal officials from participating in political campaignsBarred federal officials from participating in political campaigns Barred federal officials from participating in political campaignsBarred federal officials from participating in political campaigns Further reduced immigration Helped farmers by paying them to burn surplus crops Helped farmers by paying them to burn surplus crops

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45 15. The Five-Power Naval Treaty of 1922 reflected Europes willingness to uphold the Open Door policy in China Europes willingness to uphold the Open Door policy in China Americas unwillingness to remain over- involved in international affairs Americas unwillingness to remain over- involved in international affairs Hardings interest in protecting American territorial possessions in the Pacific Hardings interest in protecting American territorial possessions in the Pacific Japans willingness to scale down military operations in Asia Japans willingness to scale down military operations in Asia

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48 16. The Dawes Plan Outlined Roosevelts three-step program to provide relief, recovery, and reform to end the depression Outlined Roosevelts three-step program to provide relief, recovery, and reform to end the depression Rescheduled Germanys war reparation payments to Britain and France Rescheduled Germanys war reparation payments to Britain and France Revitalized the financial sector of the American economy in 1933–1934 Revitalized the financial sector of the American economy in 1933–1934 Outlawed tribal ownership of Native American lands Outlawed tribal ownership of Native American lands

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51 17. Henry Ford changed industrial America by perfecting a method of Horizontal integration Vertical integration Assembly-line production Building machines with interchangeable parts Building machines with interchangeable parts

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54 18. Why did more and more Americans move out of the cities and into the suburbs in Costs of living in the city soared to unprecedented heights Costs of living in the city soared to unprecedented heights Cars allowed them to commute Cities grew increasingly dangerous due to the rise of organized crime Cities grew increasingly dangerous due to the rise of organized crime Americans feared the influx of southern and eastern European immigrants Americans feared the influx of southern and eastern European immigrants

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57 19. Warren G. Hardings administration and personal reputation were tainted by The convictions of Sacco and Vanzetti The convictions of Sacco and Vanzetti The Teapot Dome scandal The Crash of 1929 The Scopes Monkey Trial

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60 20. The Twenty-First Amendment Gave women the right to vote Ended Prohibition Allowed Americans to elect U.S. senators directly Allowed Americans to elect U.S. senators directly Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and consumption of alcohol

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63 21. What did the Fordney- McCumber Tariff do? Sparked a tariff war between the United States and Western Europe Sparked a tariff war between the United States and Western Europe All of the above Drove the tariff rate up to nearly 40 percent Drove the tariff rate up to nearly 40 percent Stifled the European economy

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66 22. The tax on foreign goods under the Smoot-Hawley Tariff of 1930 Was the same as the Fordney-McCumber Tariff Was the same as the Fordney-McCumber Tariff Sparked the Great Depression Was lower than it was under the Fordney- McCumber Tariff Was lower than it was under the Fordney- McCumber Tariff Was higher than it was under the Fordney- McCumber Tariff of 1922 Was higher than it was under the Fordney- McCumber Tariff of 1922

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69 23. Attacks from critics such as Huey P. Long and Father Charles Coughlin were partly responsible for The Good Neighbor Policy Prohibition The Second New Deal The Civilian Conservation Corps

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72 24. To which act was the Wagner Act most similar? The Hatch Act The Norris–La Guardia Anti- Injunction Act The Norris–La Guardia Anti- Injunction Act The Fair Labor Standards Act The Esch-Cummins Transportation Act The Esch-Cummins Transportation Act

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75 25. One unintended consequence of Prohibition was Class riots in New York and Chicago A rise in organized crime A rise in the sale and consumption of tobacco Republican losses in the congressional elections of 1926 Republican losses in the congressional elections of 1926

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