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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 13 A TURBULENT DECADE Section 1: Postwar Troubles Section 2: The Republicans.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 13 A TURBULENT DECADE Section 1: Postwar Troubles Section 2: The Republicans."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 13 A TURBULENT DECADE Section 1: Postwar Troubles Section 2: The Republicans in Power Section 3: A Nation Divided

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 2 Objectives: What were some of the economic outcomes of demobilization? What were some of the economic outcomes of demobilization? What were the main causes of the strikes of 1919, and how did most Americans react to the strikes? What were the main causes of the strikes of 1919, and how did most Americans react to the strikes? What caused the public hysteria of the Red Scare? What caused the public hysteria of the Red Scare? Why did the Sacco and Vanzetti trial arouse public interest? Why did the Sacco and Vanzetti trial arouse public interest? Section 1: Postwar Troubles

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 3 Economic outcomes of demobilization unemployment unemployment loss of jobs for women loss of jobs for women rise in prices, then a fall rise in prices, then a fall fall in agricultural prices fall in agricultural prices Section 1: Postwar Troubles

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 4 Strikes of 1919 Main causes of the strikes Main causes of the strikes inflation inflation low wages low wages long work hours long work hours Reaction to strikes Reaction to strikes violence violence workers lost jobs workers lost jobs accusations of radicalism and communism accusations of radicalism and communism Section 1: Postwar Troubles

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 5 Causes of the Red Scare fear of a Bolshevik revolution in the U.S. fear of a Bolshevik revolution in the U.S. strikes of 1919 strikes of 1919 bomb scares of 1919 bomb scares of 1919 the Palmer raids the Palmer raids Section 1: Postwar Troubles

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 6 Reasons for public interest in the Sacco and Vanzetti trial Americans were deeply divided over the trial. Americans were deeply divided over the trial. Some believed that Sacco and Vanzetti deserved punishment. Some believed that Sacco and Vanzetti deserved punishment. Others thought that they were convicted only because they were immigrants and radicals. Others thought that they were convicted only because they were immigrants and radicals. Section 1: Postwar Troubles

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 7 Objectives: How did Republican policies encourage economic growth in the 1920s? How did Republican policies encourage economic growth in the 1920s? How did the Harding administration’s pro-business policies affect the U.S. economy? How did the Harding administration’s pro-business policies affect the U.S. economy? Why did the movement to pass the Equal Rights Amendment fail? Why did the movement to pass the Equal Rights Amendment fail? How did the Republican Party overcome the political scandals of the Harding administration? How did the Republican Party overcome the political scandals of the Harding administration? What issues affect the outcome of the 1928 election? What issues affect the outcome of the 1928 election? Section 2: The Republicans in Power

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 8 Republican policies to encourage growth cuts in government spending to reduce debt cuts in government spending to reduce debt the Fordney-McCumber Tariff, also to reduce debt the Fordney-McCumber Tariff, also to reduce debt tax cut for the wealthy to encourage growth tax cut for the wealthy to encourage growth attempts by government and courts to roll back previous gains by labor attempts by government and courts to roll back previous gains by labor Section 2: The Republicans in Power

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 9 Positive effects boom in industry boom in industry economic growth economic growth Negative effects mergers mergers continuing struggles for the workers who were not part of the prosperity continuing struggles for the workers who were not part of the prosperity continuing struggles for farmers continuing struggles for farmers continuing struggles for organized labor continuing struggles for organized labor Section 2: The Republicans in Power

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 10 Failure of the movement to pass the Equal Rights Amendment Some women opposed the ERA, believing that it would cause legislation regulating their hours and working conditions to be declared illegal. The movement did not gather political support and ultimately failed. Section 2: The Republicans in Power

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 11 Overcoming the scandals of the Harding administration Coolidge fired many people who had been involved in the scandals. Coolidge fired many people who had been involved in the scandals. Coolidge’s stern personality provided a contrast to Harding. Coolidge’s stern personality provided a contrast to Harding. Coolidge continued Harding’s popular pro- business policies. Coolidge continued Harding’s popular pro- business policies. Section 2: The Republicans in Power

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 12 Issues affecting the 1928 election the nation’s prosperity the nation’s prosperity Smith’s Catholicism Smith’s Catholicism Smith’s opposition to prohibition Smith’s opposition to prohibition Democratic attempts to be progressive and liberal Democratic attempts to be progressive and liberal Section 2: The Republicans in Power

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 13 Objectives: Why did many Americans support the Ku Klux Klan, and why did that support decline? Why did many Americans support the Ku Klux Klan, and why did that support decline? How did African Americans combat discrimination and violence? How did African Americans combat discrimination and violence? Why did many Americans demand restrictions on immigration? Why did many Americans demand restrictions on immigration? Why did Mexican immigration increase during the 1920s? Why did Mexican immigration increase during the 1920s? What actions did American Indians take to protect their land? What actions did American Indians take to protect their land? Section 3: A Nation Divided

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 14 Rise of the Ku Klux Klan racism toward African Americans racism toward African Americans hostility towards those with different religions, ethnic backgrounds, or political views hostility towards those with different religions, ethnic backgrounds, or political views fear and suspicion during the Red Scare fear and suspicion during the Red Scare Section 3: A Nation Divided

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 15 Fall of the Klan decrease in Red Scare tension decrease in Red Scare tension publicity about the Klan’s terrorism publicity about the Klan’s terrorism corruption and scandal within the Klan corruption and scandal within the Klan Section 3: A Nation Divided

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 16 African American response to discrimination and violence The NAACP organized an antilynching campaign. The NAACP organized an antilynching campaign. A. Philip Randolph established the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. A. Philip Randolph established the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Marcus Garvey supported black nationalism and founded the UNIA. Marcus Garvey supported black nationalism and founded the UNIA. Section 3: A Nation Divided

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 17 American demands for immigration restrictions increases in immigration increases in immigration belief that immigrants were political radicals who took jobs from native-born Americans belief that immigrants were political radicals who took jobs from native-born Americans Section 3: A Nation Divided

18 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 18 Increases in Mexican immigration Mexicans not affected by limits on immigration Mexicans not affected by limits on immigration employers in the Southwest eager for low-wage workers employers in the Southwest eager for low-wage workers Section 3: A Nation Divided

19 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 19 Actions by American Indians organized to stop Harding administration from buying back all tribal lands organized to stop Harding administration from buying back all tribal lands organized to fight the Barsum Bill organized to fight the Barsum Bill built inter-tribal support under leadership of the Pueblo tribes built inter-tribal support under leadership of the Pueblo tribes Section 3: A Nation Divided


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