Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13 A TURBULENT DECADE"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 13 A TURBULENT DECADE The American Nation In the Modern Era4/10/2017Chapter 13 A TURBULENT DECADESection 1: Postwar TroublesSection 2: The Republicans in PowerSection 3: A Nation DividedCHAPTER 13--A TURBULENT DECADE
2Objectives: Section 1: Postwar Troubles What were some of the economic outcomes of demobilization?What were the main causes of the strikes of 1919, and how did most Americans react to the strikes?What caused the public hysteria of the Red Scare?Why did the Sacco and Vanzetti trial arouse public interest?
3Economic outcomes of demobilization Section 1: Postwar TroublesEconomic outcomes of demobilizationunemploymentloss of jobs for womenrise in prices, then a fallfall in agricultural prices
4Strikes of 1919 Section 1: Postwar Troubles Main causes of the strikes inflationlow wageslong work hoursReaction to strikesviolenceworkers lost jobsaccusations of radicalism and communism
5Causes of the Red Scare Section 1: Postwar Troubles fear of a Bolshevik revolution in the U.S.strikes of 1919bomb scares of 1919the Palmer raids
6Reasons for public interest in the Sacco and Vanzetti trial Section 1: Postwar TroublesReasons for public interest in the Sacco and Vanzetti trialAmericans were deeply divided over the trial.Some believed that Sacco and Vanzetti deserved punishment.Others thought that they were convicted only because they were immigrants and radicals.
7Objectives: Section 2: The Republicans in Power How did Republican policies encourage economic growth in the 1920s?How did the Harding administration’s pro-business policies affect the U.S. economy?Why did the movement to pass the Equal Rights Amendment fail?How did the Republican Party overcome the political scandals of the Harding administration?What issues affect the outcome of the 1928 election?
8Republican policies to encourage growth Section 2: The Republicans in PowerRepublican policies to encourage growthcuts in government spending to reduce debtthe Fordney-McCumber Tariff, also to reduce debttax cut for the wealthy to encourage growthattempts by government and courts to roll back previous gains by labor
9Positive effects Negative effects Section 2: The Republicans in Power boom in industryeconomic growthNegative effectsmergerscontinuing struggles for the workers who were not part of the prosperitycontinuing struggles for farmerscontinuing struggles for organized labor
10Failure of the movement to pass the Equal Rights Amendment Section 2: The Republicans in PowerFailure of the movement to pass the Equal Rights AmendmentSome women opposed the ERA, believing that it would cause legislation regulating their hours and working conditions to be declared illegal. The movement did not gather political support and ultimately failed.
11Overcoming the scandals of the Harding administration Section 2: The Republicans in PowerOvercoming the scandals of the Harding administrationCoolidge fired many people who had been involved in the scandals.Coolidge’s stern personality provided a contrast to Harding.Coolidge continued Harding’s popular pro-business policies.
12Issues affecting the 1928 election Section 2: The Republicans in PowerIssues affecting the 1928 electionthe nation’s prosperitySmith’s CatholicismSmith’s opposition to prohibitionDemocratic attempts to be progressive and liberal
13Objectives: Section 3: A Nation Divided Why did many Americans support the Ku Klux Klan, and why did that support decline?How did African Americans combat discrimination and violence?Why did many Americans demand restrictions on immigration?Why did Mexican immigration increase during the 1920s?What actions did American Indians take to protect their land?
14Rise of the Ku Klux Klan Section 3: A Nation Divided racism toward African Americanshostility towards those with different religions, ethnic backgrounds, or political viewsfear and suspicion during the Red Scare
15Fall of the Klan Section 3: A Nation Divided decrease in Red Scare tensionpublicity about the Klan’s terrorismcorruption and scandal within the Klan
16African American response to discrimination and violence Section 3: A Nation DividedAfrican American response to discrimination and violenceThe NAACP organized an antilynching campaign.A. Philip Randolph established the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.Marcus Garvey supported black nationalism and founded the UNIA.
17American demands for immigration restrictions Section 3: A Nation DividedAmerican demands for immigration restrictionsincreases in immigrationbelief that immigrants were political radicals who took jobs from native-born Americans
18Increases in Mexican immigration Section 3: A Nation DividedIncreases in Mexican immigrationMexicans not affected by limits on immigrationemployers in the Southwest eager for low-wage workers
19Actions by American Indians Section 3: A Nation DividedActions by American Indiansorganized to stop Harding administration from buying back all tribal landsorganized to fight the Barsum Billbuilt inter-tribal support under leadership of the Pueblo tribes