Presentation on theme: "A Guide to Completing the PA FFA Conservation Record Book"— Presentation transcript:
1 A Guide to Completing the PA FFA Conservation Record Book PennsylvaniaSupervised Agricultural ExperienceConservation PagesA Guide to Completing the PA FFA Conservation Record Book
2 What is a conservation project SAE? In a conservation project SAE the student studies wildlife and the environment and conducts activities to improve the environment and provide habitat for wildlife.Conservation projects usually include multiple activities throughout the year.
3 Page 1 Complete this page at the beginning of the project year. 1082 East Main Street, Blue Ball, PA. The property is located directly across the street from the Sunoco gas station.The information on this page must be agreed to by everyone involved in the project.I will build and erect 20 Peterson blue bird boxes by the end of January. The boxes will be located along the south and west property lines. I will monitor these boxes from March 1 to September 1.Page 1 and 2 must be completed in ink.Location is the exact site where the SAE project will take place. Give your street address and other details that would help some one locate this site or sites. See example.Explanation is the specific SAE activities you will conduct as part of your conservation project. See example. For other ideas see the “Conservation Ideas List” in the record book section of the PA FFA website.
4 Wildlife Habitat Improvement 3Page 2terxtThe Enterprise Name and Number should be the same on each page and should agree with the Common Pages.Properly planning your project will help you budget time and money to ensure success.
5 Page 2Now it’s time to put what you plan to do in writing. Be specific. List each individual activity you plan to do and the date you expect to have it done.Set goals for yourself to complete each activity. Be realistic. For example, do not plan to plant seedlings in January.Monitor bluebird boxes twice each week, beginning April 1Sept. 1Fill bird feeders every other day beginning October 15April 20Plan, get approval for and plant a butterfly garden at Honey Brook Elem.June 15Do border cutting on the local Game Lands, with the Land CrewMarch 30Work with PGC to plant evergreens on local game landsMay 1Monitor pH and direction of all precipitationDec. 31Plant evergreen trees on our property to provide cover for wildlifeMay 1Plant food species for wildlife on our property – fruit trees & shrubsJuly 15Plant food plots of corn and soybeans for wildlife on our propertyAugust 1
6 Page 2Next you need to have an idea of how much these activities are going to cost.Estimate what supplies you are going to need, when you are going to need these supplies (based on your proposed labor input goals). List each item, then how many of each item you will need.Next determine the cost of each item. You may need some help in determining the cost of these items.Finally determine your total estimated cost. Be aware that the total estimated cost may be a major factor in the success or failure of the project.1-1 to 4-20Sunflower seed10 bags$ 12.00$120.001-15pH water test kit1 kit$ 25.00$ 25.00Fertilizer for food plots3-152 bags$ 5.00$ 10.003-15Corn seed for food plots1 bag$ 45.00$ 45.004-20Apple tree seedlings for food5 trees$ 15.00$ 75.005-28White pine trees - containerized10 trees$ 17.00$$
7 Page 2 John Fox Steve Wheeler, WCO Secure signatures, showing that each person involved in this project is aware of your plans before you begin the project.Justin FoxXx/xx/xxxxJohn FoxXx/xx/xxxxJoe EducatorXx/xx/xxxxSteve Wheeler, WCOXx/xx/xxxx
8 Page 3 Complete this page at the beginning of the project year. Completing this page will be a big help as you plan your project. While this example is acceptable, the more detail you are able to put onto your map the more helpful it will be.As you draw this plan, get help from others involved in the project.
9 Here is another example of a map style for your conservation record book. Again, it can be as plain or as detailed as you would like.
10 Page 4Complete this page at the beginning of the project year and add species as you see them throughout the year. Record species only once, except for migratory species which you can record spring and fall.Make a list of animals you see. Remember that animals includes mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians, etc.1-1Song sparrows27Seen at the sunflower feeders1-12 pairs of cardinals4Seen at the sunflower feeders1-1Gold finch15At the thistle feeders1-3Gray squirrels5Raiding the feeders1-18Stripped skunk1Seen digging for grubs in the garden3-28Canada geese at the pond200+The first flights of migratory geese4-20Great blue heron1At the pond eating fish
11 Page 5Observe the site of your project and make a list of the species (plants) available which can be used for food or shelter (cover) by animals living on your site.White pine trees – 20 near the pond25+ arrow wood plants2 old apple trees3 acres of oak – hickory forest, mostly white oak3 acres of mixed grass and clover8+ shagbark hickory6 butterfly bushes5 dogwood trees2 fence rows of mixed shrubs2 pyracantha vines3 crabapple trees – fall fruiting2 rows of parsley for butterfly larva40 feet of wild raspberriesPlantings of Milkweed for Monarch butterflies
12 Page 5It’s important to know the kind of soil you have on the project site. You may need to make improvements to the soil in order to support the kinds of plants you plan to plant.To complete this section you will need to use your county soil survey. If your agriculture department does not have a CD or hard copy of the county soil survey you may access soil surveys on line atHagerstown silty clay loam, 8 to 15 percent slopeThis is a deep, well drained soil formed from weathered limestone. Soil depth is greater than 40 inches with few stones of any size.The only thing that this soil needs to improve it for plants is more organic matter. This can be accomplished by adding manure and mulch under landscape plantings.
13 Page 6Give some thought to the kinds of wildlife you want to encourage on your site.Wildlife you are managing for:On our suburban property we will manage to attract mixed species. We would like to have as many songbirds as possible, especially robins, cardinals, doves, gold finch, blue jays, woodpeckers, towhees, etc. Using the grass fields we would like to have more quail and pheasants as well as meadowlark and bobolink. We have a passion for bluebirds as well. The pond gives us an opportunity to attract migrating ducks and geese as well as the occasional heron and red-winged blackbirds Our butterfly gardens attract a wide variety of butterflies. Cottontail rabbits, muskrats and other mammals are also desired.NOTICE COMPLETE SENTENCES AND PROPER GRAMMAR.
14 Page 6Once you know what wildlife you want to encourage on your site, do some research to find out what you need to do to attract these wildlife species. List what you can do in the space below.What can be done to attract these wildlife species:To attract many of the songbirds, we provide feeders during the winter months and will continue to plant food species such as apples and crabapples as well as arrow wood and various viburnums. We mow alternate strips in the grass and clover to provide summer cover and food for the quail, pheasants, meadowlark and bobolink. We will also plant more evergreens for winter cover for our birds.NOTICE COMPLETE SENTENCES AND PROPER GRAMMAR.
15 At the beginning of the project year, make a list of items you own which will be used to carry out this project. Do not list personal items on this page. List items in the ‘BEGINNING OF YEAR’ column on this page. Carry information from this page to page S-2 – lines 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8.Page 7At the end of the project year, list those items you obtained during the year. Quantities and dollar values will probably NOT agree. Again carry this information to page S-2.Thistle feeders2 feeders$ 12.00$ 24.002 feeders$ 11.00$ 22.00Sunflower feeders2 feeders$ 42.002 feeders$ 21.00$ 20.00$ 40.00Digital Camera$$1 camera$1 camera$Peterson Guide1 book$ 19.97$ 19.971 book$ 19.00$ 19.00Sunflower seed½ bag$ 14.00$ 7.00¾ bag$ 16.00$ 12.00Thistle seed1 bag$ 22.00$ 22.00½ bag$ 22.00$ 11.00shovels3 shovels$ 10.00$ 30.002 shovels$ 10.00$ 20.001 mower$$mower1 saw$$Chain saw
16 Page 8Now list the items that other people own that you will be using for your project.It’s important to know the value of these items also. These items will NOT be recorded on page S-2.Table saw1 saw$ 1000$ 10001 saw$ 1000$ 100012 acres of land12 acres$ 5000$ 60,00012 acres$ 5500$ 66,0001 tractor1 trctr$ 1275$ 1275$ 12501 trctr$ 1250Chain saw chaps1 set$ 85$ 851 set$ 85$ 85Chain saw shirt1 shirt$ 65$ 65Commercial mower1 mower$ 2500$ 2500Remember that the values will most likely change at the end of the year.
17 Page 9Record everything you do that in any way relates to your conservation project.Be sure to circle HOURS or MINUTES and then be consistent with your entries. Do NOT use minutes for one entry and hours for the next.Use complete sentences and proper grammar for these entries.DIARY AND LABOR RECORDI went for a walk in the snow and saw five deer bedded down in thepines. I also saw evening grosbeaks.120Good diary entry.I saw red fox tracks in the snow in the field , it was hunting for mice.601-1It is New Year’s Day so we filled all bird feeders and gave the birdsUse more than one line if necessary, to give a complete description.some extra special treats. We hung apples and oranges from a fewof the trees. We also rolled pine cones in peanut butter and then innuts and cranberries and hung them from several trees.45 min.3-28Today the first flights of geese arrived from the south and 2 groupsstopped at the pond. It was a noisy night.Poor diary entry.1-1Fed birds5 min.IMPORTANT. If you are using the computer version do not enter minutes or hours in the time worked column. The computer will not add your time if you enter a unit in this column.
18 Page 13 On this page, record everything you spend on this project. EXPENSES1-121 bag of sunflower seed1 bag$ 12.50$ 12.503-12Ordered 20 pine trees in containers20 trees$ 15.25$ $305.00On this page, record everything you spend on this project.
19 Record animals you see. These animals should also be included in your diary. Page 14IDENTIFICATION OF MAMMALS1-14porcupineErethizon dorsatumSeen feeding on aspen at our cabinSciurus carolinensis1-27Gray squirrels8 seen at our bird feedersVulpes vulpes4-22Red foxA vixen and 5 pups at wood pileVulpes vulpes4-23Red foxOnly 4 pups with vixen today4-23Gray squirrelsSciurus carolinensisSeveral females with young squirrelsDo not record a species every time you see it, rather record weekly or when special circumstances occur.Of course you would have many more entries between January and April !!!
20 Record birds you see during the year Record birds you see during the year. These animals should also be included in your diary. Do not record a species every time you see it, rather record weeklyPage 15or when special circumstances occur.IDENTIFICATION OF BIRDS1-1Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusAt Kyle’s house, working on nest1-1GoldfinchArduelis tristis17 on thistle feeders at Maddy’s1-1European starlingsSturnus vulgarisEating suet at our feeders1-3American kestrelFalco sparveriusHunting mice by the pond3-22Charadrius vociferusKilldeerOn school roof. A sign of spring.3-23Bald eaglesChicks appearing over the nest rimHaliaeetus leucocephalus9-20KilldeerCharadrius vociferusBack at school, fall is hereOf course you would have many additional entries between March and September !!!
21 Page 16 IDENTIFICATION OF PLANTS (TREES, SHRUBS, WILDFLOWERS, ETC) Record species as you see them.Remember to include shrubs and wildflowers.1-1White oakQuercus albaAt Boe’s pond, 43” dbh1-1Red oakQuercus borealisSupports Aaron’s tree stand1-5Wild raisinViburnum cassinoidesAmong Mitch’s native plantings4-5Red cloverTrifolium repensGrowing in the grass field near pond7-12MilkweedSclepias syriacaAlready has Monarch larva feedingOf course you would have many entries between January, April and July !!!
22 Page 17Record all species as seen. Remember to include aquatic species of insects.IDENTIFICATION OF REPTILES, AMPHIBIANS, FISH AND INSECTS1-2Brook troutSalvelinus fontinalisIn spring house at grandparent’s1-10Golden shinerNotemigonus crysoleucasPurchased for ice fishing bait2-2Stonefly larvaPlecopteraIn Hay Creek while doing biotic index2-2Dragonfly larvaOdonataIn Hay Creek while doing biotic index2-18Black rat snakeElaphe obsoletaIn the aquaculture room at school2-18E. Milk snakeIn the aquaculture room at schoolLampropeltis triangulum2-18Garter snakeThamnopnis sirtalisIn the aquaculture room at school2-20Spotted SalamanderAmbystoma maculatumAt the school pond - mating
23 IDENTIFICATION OF WILDLIFE SIGN Page 18Record all evidence of wildlife seen throughout the year. Sign includes tracks, scat, road kill, feathers, deer rubs, tooth marks,etc.IDENTIFICATION OF WILDLIFE SIGN1-8Eastern coyoteCanis latransDead on Route 801-19Cardinal feathersCardinalis cardinalisKilled by cat at feeders2-3Otter slideLutra canadensisAlong Juniata River
24 Page 19Record skills you have learned throughout the year. These skills will summarize what you have accomplished during the year.Record your skills throughout the year. Do NOT wait until the end of the year to do thisExample of skill: I learned to ID 15 song birds.
25 Page 191-29I learned to ID 15 songbirdsXXRank your skill level using the evaluation at the top of the page.Ask your teacher to evaluate your skill level. Remember that your teacher’s evaluation may not agree with your evaluation.
26 Page 21Justin has done an outstanding job improving the habitat for wildlife at home. He has planted trees and shrubs for wildlife food and a group of pines for cover Mrs. FoxAsk someone who is familiar with your project to write a paragraph explaining what you have accomplished and learned.Justin has helped check the bird nest boxes at Struble Lake, helped with border cutting on gamelands 55 and helped to plant trees at the Barnston Dry Dam. When ever we needed help, we knew we could count on Justin.Bill Smith, PGC Land Management ForemanJustin has done an outstanding job working with our land management crew and improving wildlife habitat at his home. He has made a difference for wildlife and the environment. His Christmas tree recycling project not only kept 415 trees out of landfills, but also helped to prevent erosion and provided cover through the brush piles he built.Sharon Martin, PGC WCOMore than 1 person may do an evaluation of your project.Don’t forget to have your WCO evaluate your project and affix his / her seal.Sharon Martin
27 Page 22Justin FoxIt’s important to keep a photographic record of your conservation project.Insert pictures here that document your conservation projects.1/6/XXStruble LakeEnter the date the picture was taken and the location.Insert a picture no larger than 4 inches by 6 inches.Finally describe the photo in fifty words or less.Make sure the picture is well focused.In this example, the trip to Struble Lake should also be documented in the student’s diary entriesHere I am working with the Game Commission land management crew to check and clean bird nest boxes at Struble Lake. This allowed me to explore this career as I worked with the crew.
28 Conservation Scorecard The scorecard will help you understand what we are looking for when conservation records are judged at the state FFA record book competition.
29 In addition to entering your conservation records in the state competition, you may be eligible for awards from the Pennsylvania Game Commission. PGC awards are based upon permanent habitat improvements. For example planting trees which will provide food and or cover for wildlife.Please remember that you might receive a gold medal in the FFA competition for your record keeping ability, but not receive a Game Commission award.You might also receive a Game Commission award, but not receive a gold medal based on the FFA scorecard.You must receive a medal in the FFA scoring for your records to be submitted to the Game Commission for their evaluation.Game Commission awards are presented in each of the 6 Game Commission regions as well as on the state level. You may receive only 1 Game Commission award per year. These awards include a framed certificate and a monetary award.
30 We look forward to seeing your conservation record book in the state FFA record book competition in February. With your interest in this area you may also want to explore the Wildlife, Aquatic Resources, Forestry and Environmental and Natural Resources Career Development Events.You will also want to consider applying for an FFA proficiency award. Your records will be most likely to fit into the Wildlife Production and Management or Environmental Science and Natural Resources Management proficiency area.When applying for your Keystone FFA degree, enter your conservation records on page 6. You will need at least 300 hours outside of class time to qualify for the Keystone degree.A Conservation SAE will allow you to apply for the Agriscience Star category when you apply for your Keystone degree.
31 This concludes the presentation on the Conservation record book This concludes the presentation on the Conservation record book. You may want to go back and review this presentation at the end of the project year for help in closing out your record book.
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