Presentation on theme: "Politics, Citizenship and Voting Goal 4.0 The leaner will explore active roles as a citizen at the local, state, and national levels pf government."— Presentation transcript:
Politics, Citizenship and Voting Goal 4.0 The leaner will explore active roles as a citizen at the local, state, and national levels pf government.
Key Questions What are the characteristics of an active citizen? How does the voting process work? What functions do political parties perform? What key issues do we face, how does that influence our voting, and how can we influence change? What duties and responsibilities do we have as good citizens?
Front Side 1. Canvassing 2. Interest Groups 3. Political Party 4. Political Action Committee 5. Propaganda 6. Lobbying 7. Caucus 8. Electoral Votes
9. The process of naming persons who are possible candidates to run for a particular office. Nomination Front Side
10. An election held only among members of a particular political party in order to choose one candidate from the ones nominated to run for a specific office. Primary Election
Back Side 1. Poll Tax 2. Polling Site (Place) 3. Redistricting 4. Apathy 5. Electorate 6. Straight Party Ticket 7. Literacy Test 8. Gerrymandering 9. Grandfather Clause 10. Candidate
Front Side Short Answer 1. Public Opinion Polls and Random Samples. A way to determine or measure public opinion. A way to determine or measure public opinion. Asking individuals survey questions Asking individuals survey questions Random samples are public opinion polls that survey a random group of people from all ages, incomes, races, etc. Random samples are public opinion polls that survey a random group of people from all ages, incomes, races, etc.
Party Platform and Planks Platform: The parties basic principles, beliefs, and positions on certain issues. Planks: The individual parts of the party platform. Each viewpoint or belief on a specific issue.
Multi-Party v. Two Party Multi= when there are many political parties but none of them seem to dominate the elections. IE: congress would be made up of individuals from dozens of political parties. Two= When there are two main political parties that dominate almost every election. IE: congress 49 Dem, 49 Rep, 1 independent, 1 independent democrat.
Conservative or Liberal? Conservative: con·ser·va·tism A political philosophy based on tradition and social stability, stressing established institutions, and preferring gradual development to abrupt change. Liberal: lib·er·al·ism A political philosophy based on belief in progress, the essential goodness of the human race, and the autonomy of the individual and standing for the protection of political and civil liberties.
Political Machine A powerful political organization whose party members win almost all elections year after year. Often times use bribes, kickbacks, or other illegal activities to maintain control. Often times provided food, jobs, medical care to the needy in return for votes. After they are in control for a period they begin to do what ever they like with no regard to anyone but themselves.
You can go to jail for not doing your duty! Obey the Law Pay Taxes Defend Nation Serve in Court Attend School Duties v. Responsibilities Duties v. Responsibilities (chart # 4) Be informed Vote Community and government involvement Respect others rights and property Respect other peoples opinions and ways of life
Back Side Republicans v. Democrats Republicans: Generally conservative party that originally began out of the federalist party. Democrats: Generally liberal party that originally began out of the anti-federalist party.
Campaigns Private funding Contributions from businesses, political parties, interest groups, and individuals Contributions from businesses, political parties, interest groups, and individuals Public funding (Federal government) Congressional Campaigns 1997-2000 Individuals 57% Individuals 57% PAC 28% PAC 28% Candidates 15% Candidates 15%
Voting Requirements 18 years old A resident of the state for a specific amount of time A citizen of the US Registered to vote
Roles of Political Parties Nominate Candidates and conduct a Primary Election to choose a single candidate to represent their party in the “General Election.” Campaign for Candidates Inform Citizens Helping Manage Government Linking the different levels of government Acting as a watchdog
Charts Use pages 151-154 and the chart on page 153 to complete “Duties and Responsibilities” Use the chart on page 294 to complete “amendments that eliminated abrriers to voting”
Exit Polls, recall vote, Initiative Exit Polls- asking a sample (random) of voters leaving selected polling places how they voted. This can be unreliable… why? Recall Vote- Special election in which voters can vote to remove a person from office. Requires a petition. Initiative- A way for citizens to propose new laws or state amendments. Requires a petition.
Proposition, Referendum Proposition- When an initiative has received enough names on the petition, it can be put on the ballot in the next election. If it makes it to the ballot it is called a proposition. Referendum- When citizens get to approve or reject state or local laws by a vote. Difference: a proposition starts with the people, a referendum starts with the government. Difference: a proposition starts with the people, a referendum starts with the government. Similarities: the voters get to decide whether they become a law. (Popular Vote) Similarities: the voters get to decide whether they become a law. (Popular Vote)
Electoral College State electoral votes How many electoral votes did NC have after the 2000 census? Winner take all North Carolina has 15 electoral votes In 2004 George Bush won the popular vote in NC and therefore got ALL 15 of the electoral votes. In 2004 George Bush won the popular vote in NC and therefore got ALL 15 of the electoral votes.