2Warm up 2. What do you learn about by reading a party platform? 1. What kind of political party system do many democracies have?2. What do you learn about by reading a party platform?3. What is a political parties stance on a single issue called?4. What is the main purpose of a political party?5. What country is governed by a one party system 6. What can 3rd parties be based on?7. What is an alliance with another political party called?8. What is the purpose of the ‘watchdog’ role?
3Eligibility to Vote 18 years old Resident of the state for a specific timeCitizen of the U.S.No feloniesOnce registered, a person is assigned to a districtYou can only vote once!
4Voting Process Gather information Newspapers, magazines, radio, TV, and internetWebsites of candidates & political partiesPolitical partiesGo to polling place & receive a ballotCast your ballot – fill out your choicesWait for returns – reporting of election resultsAbsentee Ballot – a way to vote if you will be unable to vote on election dayExit Poll – way of predicting the winner before all of the votes are counted by asking people as they leave who they voted for
7Not Voting Electorate – people eligible to vote Apathy – lack of interest. #1 reason why people don’t voteFollowing can’t voteFelonsThose in mental hospitalsPeople who do not meet state requirementsRegistration is not a problem – states allow people to register when they renew their driver’s license.Presidential elections – 50% of electorate voteElections without Presidential candidates – between 7% and 20% vote
8The right to vote belongs to every U. S citizen The right to vote belongs to every U.S citizen. In your opinion, what do citizens forfeit if they do not exercise their right to vote?
9Political Cartoon Voter apathy is a big issue in the U.S. I want you to draw a political cartoon that depicts a reason or several reasons people give for not voting.
10Special ElectionsInitiative – a way citizens can propose new laws or state constitutional amendments. a petition is signed with enough signatures from qualified voters, to put an issue on the ballotProposition – (the proposed law). It is put on the ballot at the next general electionReferendum – a way for citizens to approve or reject a state or local law. people can gather signatures to review a law passed by the state legislatures and have it sent back to the voters for their approval at the next general electionUsually with very controversial issuesRecall – special election where voters can vote an official out of office before their term is up
11Campaigning Creation of a positive image for a candidate 2 types Television is the most common means of campaigning2 typesMass Campaigning – TV, mail – less time consuming but more expensiveGrassroots – small level – Canvassing or making phone calls – cheap but time consuming – the voters get to personally know the candidate and the candidate gets to know the votersIncumbents – win 80% of the timeName recognitionFranking privilegeEndorsements – a famous or popular person supports a candidate
12Financing CampaignsThe Federal Election & Campaign Finance Act of 1971Established rules for campaign financePublic disclosure of spendingEstablished federal funding of presidential electionsLimits how much individuals & groups could spendCreated the FEC (Federal Election Committee)
13Private Funding Soft Money Donations Donations given to political parties & not designated for a particular candidateMost goes to TV ads for the parties’ candidatesElaborate dinners with individual donationsPolitical Action Committees (PACs)Organized by special interest groupsFunds candidates who favor their position on issuesHard money vs. Soft moneyHard money – directly to a candidateSoft money – general purpose
14Public Funding Presidential Election Campaign Fund Taxpayers check a box on their federal income tax returns to designate $3 of their taxes to the fundCandidates can get the money for primary elections if they have raised $100,000 on their ownBarack Obama did not take any public money for the 2008 Presidential Election
15How do you think the internet has affected campaigns, or might affect future campaigns?