Presentation on theme: "Government Chapter 17 Elections and voting. Electing the President Presidential candidates begin the campaign a year before. Intensity builds after."— Presentation transcript:
Electing the President Presidential candidates begin the campaign a year before. Intensity builds after the Convention. Electoral Votes and the States Candidate must win 270 electoral votes. 538 available, each state plus 3 for DC All or nothing concept, except Nebraska and Maine.
Electing the President Pay more attention to large electoral States Campaign Strategy- Attack or low key, what issues, how to spend money. Campaign Organization Campaign manager- overall strategy and planning. State party chairperson at State and Local level.
Electing the President Using Television- most important tool. Build the right image, mental picture, of the candidate. Commercials shape the image. Debates and news stations also used. Using the Internet- Set up a site to raise money and give information.
Financing Campaigns 2004, 3.9 billion dollars spent between presidential and congressional candidates. Regulating Campaign Financing Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA), 1971 and amendments are the framework. Public Disclosure, limit amounts given. Federal Election Commission (FEC), contributions of over $100 reported, record political contributions.
Financing Campaigns Public Funding- Government funding to run the campaign. 1976-2004 all campaigns took the money. Private funding- limits set. PACs- Political action Committees, support political candidates through campaign contributions. Issue advocacy advertising- pay for commercials for candidates.
Financing Campaigns The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act Bans Soft money- money directly to parties. No limit on PACs $2,000 limit on individual donations. Prohibited issue ads from groups within 30 days of primary or 60 days of the general election.
Section 2: Expanding Voting Rights Suffrage- Foundation of U.S. Democracy 1789-early 1800’s white male land owning, tax paying, and some religious requirements needed. Voting should be left to the wealthy. States gradually drop land ownership and religious requirements. Universal White Male Suffrage achieved.
Expanding Voting Rights Woman Suffrage- Started in mid 1800s, 1914 11 States allowed voting. 19 th amendment, 1920 women can vote African American Suffrage 1870, 15 th Amendment- limitations set Grandfather clause- kept African Americans from voting
African American Suffrage Literacy Tests- Different rules for whites and African Americans. Poll tax- pay to vote. Limited the ability of minorities to vote. Voting Rights acts of 1965 and 1970 outlawed literacy tests. Federal Government involved 1960- 29% registered, 2000- 64% 26 th amendment (1970)- 18-20 year olds vote
Section 3: Influences on Voters Personal Background of Voters affect the party choices generally, not always. Age- Education Religion Gender Work Cross-pressured voter- differing elements conflict.
Loyalty to Political Parties Strong Loyalty- Straight Ticket Voters, all republican or democrat. Weak Party voters- go by the issues and may switch at times. Switch Ticket Voters Independent Voters- No party, their numbers are rising. Parties power weakening- issues and image will be more important.
Influences on Voters Parties Republican- Conservative is right of center Democrat- Liberal is left of center. Moderate- between the two or center. Issues in Election Campaigns- More voters informed. 1. Television 2. Education 3. Issues have more impact on them
Influences on Voters The Candidate’s Image Many choose a person on image alone. Competent, trustworthy etc. Propaganda- using ideas, information, or rumors to influence opinion. Pg 496 Come across as “Plain Folks”, Andrew Jackson, 1828.
Influences on Voters Profile of Regular Voters- education, age and income are important factors. Profile of nonvoters- registration, citizenship, residency laws limit eligibility. 1/5 th relocate every 5 years, may forget to register. Participation depends on the race. Constantly trying to raise participation.