Presentation on theme: "Data Communications Program"— Presentation transcript:
1Data Communications Program Program OverviewPresented to: ACP WG-MBy: Gregg AndersonUS Member for OPLINKPDate: February 1-2, 2011
2History of FAA Continental Data Communications Initiatives Mission Need Statement #JRC Original Program DecisionCPDLC Build I, IA, II, IIIIOC Miami ARTCC /02CPDLC Build IAMS Investment Analysis Build IA /04Terminate CPDLC ProgramZMA Build I Shut Down 10/04Investment Analysis Readiness Decision /06New Data Comm ProgramInitial Investment Decision /08Provide entry into Final Investment Analysis
3FAA Data Comm CONOPS ARTCCs TOWER ATCSCC TRACONs Trajectory Based OperationsHigh Performance AirspaceARTCCSTRACONSTOWERSClearancesWX ReroutesTime Based MeteringPilot DownlinkFixTailored Arrivals / CDAsARTCCsVDL-2NetworkUser FlightOperationsControlVDL-2TOWERATCSCCTRACONsTaxi InstructionsDigital ATISDeparture ClearanceGlobal Harmonization, Enhanced Safety, Increased Capacity
4What is Data Comm? It is a portfolio consisting of: Automation PlatformsTower, TRACON, En Route, OceanicNetworkVDL-2 & potentially VDL-0 for DCLSATCOMAvionicsFANS/ATNServicesTraffic flow managementFlight crew requests/reportsHigh availability, guaranteed delivery and low latency timesData exchange for Safety Critical Air Traffic Control (ATC) clearances and instructionsData Comm is designed around the basic principles listed on this slide:First, Data Comm builds on the experience gained from CPCLC in Miami, over the Ocean, and through the European Link 2000 program to design a practical approach, implementing Data Communications in an incremental fashion (Data Comm is harmonized with Europe. We are leveraging the same Mode 2 technology being implemented by the Europeans for their initial and follow on data network).Second, Data Comm is being designed to meet all safety requirements. (Design, performance requirements that are not extensible, we will build to meet Seg Two requirements from outset.)Third, Data Comm is leveraging existing equipage such as Mode 2 avionics, and program plans include accommodating FANS.Additionally, the Data Communications Program is working jointly with EUROCAE Working Group 78 through RTCA Special Committee 214 to develop avionics standards that will support all Data Comm capabilities through Segment Two to maximize airspace user benefits. We are expecting SC-214 to become the converged application for Europe and the US since the Europeans have indicated their plans to leverage SC-214 standards in their follow on data link implementation.
5What will Data Comm do? Safety Fuel Schedule Eliminate read back / hear back errorsReduce occurrences of pilot deviationsImprove human efficiencyFuelReduce flight times, miles flown and carbon emissionsOptimized profiles in all phases of flight e.g.OPD’sScheduleImprove integrity of flight segmentsQuicker recovery from disrupted operationsPlace the Delay Chart pool here. (JTA/David Frame)Delay per aircraft5
6Timeline – Segment 1 Final Investment Decision Air Ground Network & Tower Automation (2011)InitialInvestmentDecision(2008)Request for Proposal Release (2011)InvestmentAnalysisReadinessDecision(2006)Final Investment Decision forEn Route (2012)TowerInitial Site (2014)EnRouteInitial Site (2017)Many of you are probably familiar with the FAA’s Acquisition Management System represented by this graphic. Data Comm received approval to enter Investment Analysis in 2006, and successfully completed the first phase in 2008.The program is now in Final Investment Analysis and the focus is to finalize the requirements and the business case for the components required to deliver Segment One services. The Final Investment Decision for the Data Communications Network and Tower services is scheduled for Towards this end we will be releasing a Request for Proposal for the Data Communications Network in 2010.The Final Investment Decision for En Route Services is planned for 2012.Tower service is scheduled to begin in 2014 with Departure Clearances. We are assessing how to accelerate the development and implementation.En Route services are currently planned to begin in They include automating routine clearances, transfer of communications to the next sector, and the ability to provide better routes around weather.The program cost and schedule profiles for Segment One services will be baselined at Final Investment Decision.
7Timeline – Segment 2 Segment 2 En Route and Approach Control Implementation (2022)Final Investment DecisionSegment 2En Route and Approach Control (2018)InitialInvestmentDecision(2008)InvestmentAnalysisReadinessDecision(2006)Segment Two services will include introducing data messages for non time critical communications in the Approach Control environment, as well as implementing trajectory based flight in designated airspace.The Final Investment Decision for these capabilities is currently scheduled in The planning milestone for initial Approach Control services is 2018 and we are in the process of refining our planning date for En Route Services. The date is anticipated in the 2018 – 2020 range.
8Data Comm Capabilities – Globally Harmonized Aircraft EquipageExisting Aircraft Capabilities (FANS 1/A+ over VDL-2)214/78 EquipageAvionics AvailableAvionics StandardsSegment 1Segment 2Segment 3???DC In TRACON / Upgrade En RouteDC In TowerDC In En RouteNextGen Equipage Rule???OperationalCapabilitiesValidation & TrialsRevised Departure ClearancesTRACON Data Comm Including Routine Clearances, Comm Mgmt, & Optimized DescentsD-ATISD-TAXI OutD-TAXI InWidespread 4-D AgreementsRed = Terminal FunctionBlack = En Route FunctionPurple = Cross Domain FunctionClearancesConformance ManagementComm MgmtTFM ReroutesOperational Terminal Info ServiceNAS Status / Delays / Constraints / Sequencing & Hazardous WXOptimized Descent (TAP/CDA) ValidationsWidespread Delegated Separation using ADS-B Interval ManagementInitial Trajectory Based OpsEuropean DeploymentA/C ForwardFit RuleCore Europe Ground SystemsA/C Retrofit Rule /All Europe Ground SystemsLINK 2K+4DLINK / SESARSESARImplementation Package 1Implementation Package 2Implementation Package 3En Route ATC ClearancesComplex ClearancesWidespread 4-D AgreementsComm MgmtATC Microphone CheckConformance ManagementTaxi-Out & In; Terminal InfoWidespread M&S / C&P / ITP / PAIRAPPInitial TAP/CDA’sTAP/CDA’s8
9Why it makes sense to use FANS-1/A(+) (Worldwide Coverage Area for Data Link Services ~2007) ATN w/FANS (2011)ATN w/FANS (2016)FANS 1/AFANS 1/A
10Risk-Adjusted Then Year Data Comm Requires Significant User InvestmentSegments 1 and 2Risk-Adjusted Then YearAir-Ground Network12%Automation43%User(Equipage)45%Costs through 2032Includes development, installation, training, ops, maintenance, etc
11Data Comm Equipage Strategy Users equip once for all segmentsGround system evolves100%Financial incentivesOffset equipage costsOperational incentivesProvide high benefit servicesService for equipageRegulatory ActionCombination of forward-fit, retro-fit, and/or airspace actionsAligned with NextGen rulemaking strategyRegulatory ActionOperational incentivesData Comm EquipageFinancialincentivesMandate only without incentives
12CPDLC Provides Enhanced Communications in ALL domains CPDLC ReducesController-Pilot MisunderstandingsRadio Operator and Controller-Pilot transcription errorsConfusion from non-standard phraseologyRadio Frequency congestionCPDLC ProvidesAuto-loading of ATC clearancesStandardization of ATC messages across regionsData formats for pilot down-links that can automatically be integrated into ground automation systemsIncreased efficiency w/beneficial results
13Emerging Services Tailored Arrivals Waypoint Management Optimized arrival profile up-linked to aircraft and loaded into FMSWaypoint ManagementManaged in-flight spacing using Data Comm for delivery of control times at strategic points4-D Trajectory OptimizationEnhancements to flight profiles are negotiated via CPDLCADS-C Oceanic In-Trail ProceduresSeparation down to 15NM for climb and descent through a blocking aircraft, and
14Departure Clearance - DCL FANS DCL Service 2014ATN DCL Service 2017DCL service consist of:Initial Departure ClearanceRevised Initial Departure ClearanceRevised Departure ClearanceDeparture Clearance Defined in SC-214/78FAA Ops Spec A056 recently modified to authorize worldwide Data Communication capability (Continental & Remote airspace) according to your B50 areas of ops
15Non-DC aircraft await pre-departure clearance via voice Revised Pre-departure Clearance Issued to Data Comm Aircraft First - ScenarioNon-DC aircraft await pre-departure clearance via voiceStory note: We now show the flights at their departure gates at the terminal. Since Flight 123 is data com equipped, the revised pre-departure clearance can be transmitted quickly and accurately and the flight receives it clearance to push back first. Flight 789 has to wait for a voice communication for the revised route clearance, so it will be in the departure queue later than flight 123.Click once to start the animation and then let it runPhoto from Google Earth April 20, 200915
16Taxi Queue after Push-back Revised Pre-departure Clearance Issued to Data Comm Aircraft First - ScenarioTaxi Queue after Push-backNon-DC aircraft still in Taxi QueueStory/animation note: Simply an animation of the departure queue and departure. Note that a difference in 3-4 aircraft in the departure queue at LGA in the morning rush out of New York can be a minute difference in departure time. (coordinated between multiple airports).Click once to start the animation and then let it runClick twice to leave the slide quickly16
17DCL Revised Departure Clearance Benefits MinutesEquipage Rates30%Projected~12,000minutessavedJuly 200960%100%Better performance in high trafficand adverse weather conditions17
20User Benefits of Data Comm Summary Significant Reductions in Ground DelaysFuel Savings from TAPs, CDAs, and more efficient routesIncreased Sector ThroughputMore Timely and Effective ClearancesMore Time to Think and Select Appropriate ActionsMore Orderly Work Situation During Traffic Rushes
21Data Communications Implementation Team (DCIT) DRAFT Terms Of Reference Background:The Data Communications Implementation Team (DCIT) is an environment for participants to perform advocacy and outreach activities on behalf of the NextGen Data Communications Program. Team members will be able to participate in forums related to integration of ground automation, communication networks, and avionics systems design and certification as well as Data Communication procedures which will enable users to have a stake in the success of the Data Communication Program. Participants include, but are not limited to airframe and avionics manufacturers, FAA, National Airspace System (NAS) users, and related industry associations and business groups.Authority and Administration:Using the DCIT as the umbrella organization, co-chairs from the FAA and Stakeholders will be selected as the Technical and Operational authorities for the integration of Data Communications into NAS operations. Technical and administrative support will be needed and should be provided by the relative participants as required. Issues or information of a proprietary nature will be handled by Non-Disclosure Agreements signed by relevant participants.
22DCIT Draft (con’t) Mission: Provide a forum to advance FAA NextGen Data Communications in the NAS and bring forward guiding principles from the Task Force 5 recommendations which include:Digital ATC-Aircraft Communications for Revised Departure Clearances, Reroutes, and Routine Communications (Operational Capabilities 16, 17, 39, 42a, 44)The Task Force recommends implementation of this initial set of operational capabilities enabled by Data Comm for aircraft equipped with either FANS 1/A+ or ATN Baseline 1. Specifically, the services described in capabilities 16, 17, 39, 42, and 44 should be provided to those aircraft equipped with Future Air Navigation Services (FANS) 1/A+ compliant with RTCA DO-290/2 and DO-258A, conducted over VDL Mode-2 (TSO-C160 ) using the ATC facility notification and controller-pilot data link communication (CPDLC) applications.From the FAA NextGen Web site, Data Communications:“Advances in data communications between ground and airborne systems are envisioned to increase sector-based traffic capacity allowing greater user access and more efficient flight routing”.
23DCIT Draft (con’t) Participation: Place and Timing of Meetings: Participation is limited to implementers of Data Communications Air Traffic Services in the NAS by authorization of the FAA Program Office. This would include the following major categories and their essential support:OperatorsCommunication Service ProvidersAvionics and aircraft manufacturersFAA Air Traffic OrganizationFAA AVS (AFS/AIR)Form of commitment for major stakeholders will be by letter to the Co-Chairs, endorsed by the FAA Program Office and the DCIT.Place and Timing of Meetings:The DCIT will meet regularly at the FAA Program Office or other location as mutually agreed upon. It is expected that the DCIT will meet jointly with Data Communications implementers from other worldwide regions on an as needed basis.
24DCIT Draft (con’t) Tasks: Assist in developing appropriate Roadmap and Transition plans.Carry-on the activities essential to success in integrating the Data Communications segments.Supervise the integration of committed Stakeholders into the Data Communications operational environment.Provide a focus for the integrated planning and test schedules of the stakeholders.Analyze problems reported by participating members and performance metrics of the end-to-end system as prescribed in applicable Data Communications and standards documents.Provide a mechanism for resolution of technical and operational problems through the various standards bodies such as the Data Link User Forum and RTCA.Serve as the Configuration Control Function for Data Communications Baseline Reports, as required, to the FAA Program Office and Air Transport Association.Address Certification and Approval issues as required.Address Human Factors issues as required.Advise the FAA Data Communications Program Manager and related FAA Program Managers on operational and technical issues.Coordinate with other similar regional integration teams, e. g. LINK Integration Team, (LIT) and FANS Interoperability Team (FIT) as required.
25Issues Airspace users will not voluntarily equip Required ROI does not support timely user investmentEconomic climate not conducive to airspace user investmentAgency needs to provide incentives and mandate to lead airspace users to NextGenIndustry wary of FAA commitment to Data Comm and NextGenCompleting the NextGen Integrated Concept Of Use and Equipage Strategy will reduce industry riskAlignment of decision support tools with Data Comm schedule – ERAM, Automation, etc.Technical and Operational Issues concerning Airborne and Ground systems can not be solved without user participation and implementation – We need your help!25
26Summary Several RFC’s have been solicited in the last year Dedicated ATS Network and Repurposing of Aircraft Radio’s, whichHelped refine our requirements & ready us for the final SIRData Comm is a key enabler for the NextGen TBO portfolioThe Data Comm operational concept was developed to enable TBOCoordinated implementation plans are requiredAligned with Automation Roadmap, TBO portfolio, NextGen Implementation Plan and “Global Implementation Plan”Coordinated w/Users investment plans
27Coordination is Key to Data Comm’s Success Meeting the ChallengeCoordinating with FAA organizationsCollaborating with aviation communityRTCAIndustry forumsHarmonizing withEuropeans onstandards & operationsIndustryThe scope of the program is large and complex. The challenges are many. Working with stakeholders early on is required to meet these challenges. SO -We are ensuring we remain aligned with Agency direction, NextGen goals, Enterprise Architecture Roadmaps, and Agency approach to benefits assessment and allocation.We are coordinating with members of the aviation community – vendors, airspace users, manufacturerers, air framers through RTCA activities, Industry forums, and our Data Communications procurement and outreach activities. We plan to increase our communications with airspace users and Industry focusing on service integration and implementation.And, we are working with the Europeans to develop and validate standards which will support Data Communications capabilities through Segment Two and, beyond. These standards will become the technical and operational baseline for the Europeans next implementation of data communications and our initial implementation of Data Communications in domestic airspace.The bottom line its, as the last bullet indicates, coordination is key to Data Comm Success!Coordination is Key to Data Comm’s Success
28How We Want to Fly!!! How We Need to Fly!!! Data Comm – moving traffic with the speed of information