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Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program Presented to:ACP WG-M By:Gregg Anderson US Member for OPLINKP Date:February 1-2, 2011 Program.

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Presentation on theme: "Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program Presented to:ACP WG-M By:Gregg Anderson US Member for OPLINKP Date:February 1-2, 2011 Program."— Presentation transcript:

1 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program Presented to:ACP WG-M By:Gregg Anderson US Member for OPLINKP Date:February 1-2, 2011 Program Overview

2 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 2 History of FAA Continental Data Communications Initiatives Mission Need Statement # 042 1991 JRC Original Program Decision 1998 –CPDLC Build I, IA, II, III IOC Miami ARTCC 10/02 –CPDLC Build I AMS Investment Analysis Build IA 04/04 –Terminate CPDLC Program –ZMA Build I Shut Down 10/04 Investment Analysis Readiness Decision 09/06 –New Data Comm Program Initial Investment Decision 07/08 –Provide entry into Final Investment Analysis

3 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 3 ARTCCs TRACONs TOWER User Flight Operations Control VDL-2 Network ATCSCC WX Reroutes Tailored Arrivals / CDAs VDL-2 Trajectory Based Operations High Performance Airspace Time Based Metering Fix Clearances TOWERS ARTCCS TRACONS Taxi Instructions Digital ATISDeparture Clearance Global Harmonization, Enhanced Safety, Increased Capacity Pilot Downlink FAA Data Comm CONOPS

4 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 4 What is Data Comm? It is a portfolio consisting of: –Automation Platforms Tower, TRACON, En Route, Oceanic –Network VDL-2 & potentially VDL-0 for DCL SATCOM –Avionics FANS/ATN VDL-2 & potentially VDL-0 for DCL SATCOM –Services Traffic flow management Flight crew requests/reports High availability, guaranteed delivery and low latency times Data exchange for Safety Critical Air Traffic Control (ATC) clearances and instructions

5 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 5 What will Data Comm do? Safety Eliminate read back / hear back errors Reduce occurrences of pilot deviations Improve human efficiency Fuel Reduce flight times, miles flown and carbon emissions Optimized profiles in all phases of flight e.g.OPDs Schedule Improve integrity of flight segments Quicker recovery from disrupted operations

6 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 6 Timeline – Segment 1 Investment Analysis Readiness Decision (2006) Initial Investment Decision (2008) Final Investment Decision Air Ground Network & Tower Automation (2011) Request for Proposal Release (2011) Final Investment Decision for En Route (2012) Tower Initial Site (2014) En Route Initial Site (2017)

7 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 7 Investment Analysis Readiness Decision (2006) Initial Investment Decision (2008) Final Investment Decision Segment 2 En Route and Approach Control (2018) Segment 2 En Route and Approach Control Implementation (2022) Timeline – Segment 2

8 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 8 Data Comm Capabilities – Globally Harmonized 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Revised Departure Clearances Widespread Delegated Separation using ADS-B Interval Management Widespread 4-D Agreements Red = Terminal Function Black = En Route Function Purple = Cross Domain Function Operational Capabilities DC In TowerDC In En Route DC In TRACON / Upgrade En Route Conformance Management Initial Trajectory Based Ops Operational Terminal Info Service NAS Status / Delays / Constraints / Sequencing & Hazardous WX TRACON Data Comm Including Routine Clearances, Comm Mgmt, & Optimized Descents Optimized Descent (TAP/CDA) Validations Clearances Comm Mgmt TFM Reroutes NextGen Equipage Rule??? Existing Aircraft Capabilities (FANS 1/A+ over VDL-2) 214/78 Equipage Avionics Available Aircraft Equipage Avionics Standards Segment 1 Segment 2 D-TAXI Out D-ATIS Conformance Management Complex Clearances Widespread M&S / C&P / ITP / PAIRAPP Widespread 4-D Agreements 4DLINK / SESAR A/C Forward Fit Rule A/C Retrofit Rule / All Europe Ground Systems Taxi-Out & In; Terminal Info European Deployment Comm Mgmt ATC Microphone Check LINK 2K+SESAR TAP/CDAs Implementation Package 1 Initial TAP/CDAs Implementation Package 3Implementation Package 2 En Route ATC Clearances Core Europe Ground Systems Segment 3??? Validation & Trials D-TAXI In

9 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 Why it makes sense to use FANS-1/A(+) (Worldwide Coverage Area for Data Link Services ~2007) FANS 1/A ATN w/FANS (2011) FANS 1/A ATN w/FANS (2016)

10 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 10 Data Comm Requires Significant User Investment Segments 1 and 2 Risk-Adjusted Then Year Air-Ground Network 12% Automation 43% User (Equipage) 45% Costs through 2032 Includes development, installation, training, ops, maintenance, etc

11 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 11 Data Comm Equipage Strategy 100% Data Comm Equipage Financial incentives –Offset equipage costs Operational incentives –Provide high benefit services –Service for equipage Regulatory Action –Combination of forward-fit, retro-fit, and/or airspace actions –Aligned with NextGen rulemaking strategy Mandate only without incentives Regulatory Action Financial incentives Operational incentives Users equip once for all segments Ground system evolves

12 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 12 CPDLC Provides Enhanced Communications in ALL domains CPDLC Reduces –Controller-Pilot Misunderstandings –Radio Operator and Controller-Pilot transcription errors –Confusion from non-standard phraseology –Radio Frequency congestion CPDLC Provides –Auto-loading of ATC clearances –Standardization of ATC messages across regions –Data formats for pilot down-links that can automatically be integrated into ground automation systems –Increased efficiency w/beneficial results

13 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 13 Emerging Services Tailored Arrivals –Optimized arrival profile up-linked to aircraft and loaded into FMS Waypoint Management –Managed in-flight spacing using Data Comm for delivery of control times at strategic points 4-D Trajectory Optimization –Enhancements to flight profiles are negotiated via CPDLC ADS-C Oceanic In-Trail Procedures –Separation down to 15NM for climb and descent through a blocking aircraft, and

14 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 FANS DCL Service 2014 ATN DCL Service 2017 DCL service consist of: –Initial Departure Clearance –Revised Initial Departure Clearance –Revised Departure Clearance Departure Clearance Defined in SC-214/78 http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/ato/service_units/techops/atc_ comms_services/sc214/current_docs/ FAA Ops Spec A056 recently modified to authorize worldwide Data Communication capability (Continental & Remote airspace) according to your B50 areas of ops 14 Departure Clearance - DCL

15 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 Photo from Google Earth April 20, 2009 Revised Pre-departure Clearance Issued to Data Comm Aircraft First - Scenario Non-DC aircraft await pre-departure clearance via voice

16 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 Taxi Queue after Push-back Revised Pre-departure Clearance Issued to Data Comm Aircraft First - Scenario Non-DC aircraft still in Taxi Queue

17 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 17 DCL Revised Departure Clearance Benefits Minutes Better performance in high traffic and adverse weather conditions Projected~12,000minutessaved July 2009 Equipage Rates 30% 60% 100%

18 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 FANS Logon

19 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 19 DCL Loadable Clearance Page 1 Page 2

20 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 20 User Benefits of Data Comm Summary Significant Reductions in Ground Delays Fuel Savings from TAPs, CDAs, and more efficient routes Increased Sector Throughput More Timely and Effective Clearances More Time to Think and Select Appropriate Actions More Orderly Work Situation During Traffic Rushes

21 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 21 Data Communications Implementation Team (DCIT) DRAFT Terms Of Reference Background: The Data Communications Implementation Team (DCIT) is an environment for participants to perform advocacy and outreach activities on behalf of the NextGen Data Communications Program. Team members will be able to participate in forums related to integration of ground automation, communication networks, and avionics systems design and certification as well as Data Communication procedures which will enable users to have a stake in the success of the Data Communication Program. Participants include, but are not limited to airframe and avionics manufacturers, FAA, National Airspace System (NAS) users, and related industry associations and business groups. Authority and Administration: Using the DCIT as the umbrella organization, co-chairs from the FAA and Stakeholders will be selected as the Technical and Operational authorities for the integration of Data Communications into NAS operations. Technical and administrative support will be needed and should be provided by the relative participants as required. Issues or information of a proprietary nature will be handled by Non-Disclosure Agreements signed by relevant participants.

22 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 Mission: Provide a forum to advance FAA NextGen Data Communications in the NAS and bring forward guiding principles from the Task Force 5 recommendations which include: –4.6.1.3.1 Digital ATC-Aircraft Communications for Revised Departure Clearances, Reroutes, and Routine Communications (Operational Capabilities 16, 17, 39, 42a, 44) –The Task Force recommends implementation of this initial set of operational capabilities enabled by Data Comm for aircraft equipped with either FANS 1/A+ or ATN Baseline 1. Specifically, the services described in capabilities 16, 17, 39, 42, and 44 should be provided to those aircraft equipped with Future Air Navigation Services (FANS) 1/A+ compliant with RTCA DO-290/2 and DO-258A, conducted over VDL Mode-2 (TSO-C160 ) using the ATC facility notification and controller-pilot data link communication (CPDLC) applications. From the FAA NextGen Web site, Data Communications: – Advances in data communications between ground and airborne systems are envisioned to increase sector-based traffic capacity allowing greater user access and more efficient flight routing. 22 DCIT Draft (cont)

23 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 Participation: Participation is limited to implementers of Data Communications Air Traffic Services in the NAS by authorization of the FAA Program Office. This would include the following major categories and their essential support: –Operators –Communication Service Providers –Avionics and aircraft manufacturers –FAA Air Traffic Organization –FAA AVS (AFS/AIR) Form of commitment for major stakeholders will be by letter to the Co-Chairs, endorsed by the FAA Program Office and the DCIT. Place and Timing of Meetings: The DCIT will meet regularly at the FAA Program Office or other location as mutually agreed upon. It is expected that the DCIT will meet jointly with Data Communications implementers from other worldwide regions on an as needed basis. DCIT Draft (cont)

24 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 Tasks: Assist in developing appropriate Roadmap and Transition plans. Carry-on the activities essential to success in integrating the Data Communications segments. Supervise the integration of committed Stakeholders into the Data Communications operational environment. Provide a focus for the integrated planning and test schedules of the stakeholders. Analyze problems reported by participating members and performance metrics of the end-to-end system as prescribed in applicable Data Communications and standards documents. Provide a mechanism for resolution of technical and operational problems through the various standards bodies such as the Data Link User Forum and RTCA. Serve as the Configuration Control Function for Data Communications Baseline Reports, as required, to the FAA Program Office and Air Transport Association. Address Certification and Approval issues as required. Address Human Factors issues as required. Advise the FAA Data Communications Program Manager and related FAA Program Managers on operational and technical issues. Coordinate with other similar regional integration teams, e. g. LINK 2000+ Integration Team, (LIT) and FANS Interoperability Team (FIT) as required. DCIT Draft (cont)

25 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 25 Issues Airspace users will not voluntarily equip –Required ROI does not support timely user investment –Economic climate not conducive to airspace user investment –Agency needs to provide incentives and mandate to lead airspace users to NextGen Industry wary of FAA commitment to Data Comm and NextGen –Completing the NextGen Integrated Concept Of Use and Equipage Strategy will reduce industry risk Alignment of decision support tools with Data Comm schedule – ERAM, Automation, etc. Technical and Operational Issues concerning Airborne and Ground systems can not be solved without user participation and implementation – We need your help!

26 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 26 Summary Several RFCs have been solicited in the last year –Dedicated ATS Network and Repurposing of Aircraft Radios, which –Helped refine our requirements & ready us for the final SIR Data Comm is a key enabler for the NextGen TBO portfolio The Data Comm operational concept was developed to enable TBO Coordinated implementation plans are required –Aligned with Automation Roadmap, TBO portfolio, NextGen Implementation Plan and Global Implementation Plan –Coordinated w/Users investment plans

27 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 27 Meeting the Challenge Industry Coordinating with FAA organizations Collaborating with aviation community RTCA Industry forums Harmonizing with Europeans on standards & operations Coordination is Key to Data Comms Success

28 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 28 How We Want to Fly!!! How We Need to Fly!!! Data Comm – moving traffic with the speed of information

29 Federal Aviation Administration Data Communications Program ICAO ACP WG-M 2-1-11 Questions ?


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