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FANS (Future Air Navigation System) Flight Crew Procedures Brad Cornell Flight Deck / Flight Crew Operations Brad Cornell Flight Deck / Flight Crew Operations.

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Presentation on theme: "FANS (Future Air Navigation System) Flight Crew Procedures Brad Cornell Flight Deck / Flight Crew Operations Brad Cornell Flight Deck / Flight Crew Operations."— Presentation transcript:

1 FANS (Future Air Navigation System) Flight Crew Procedures Brad Cornell Flight Deck / Flight Crew Operations Brad Cornell Flight Deck / Flight Crew Operations 7 February 2012

2 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 2 2/25/2014 What is FANS? Future Air Navigation System GPS - Navigation Inmarsat Comm Space Air Ground

3 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 3 2/25/2014 ATC versus AOC ATC FANS Protocol Defined Messages –CLIMB TO AND MAINTAIN [altitude] –CROSS [position] AT [speed] 95% within 60s AOC Free text Multiblock Messages –1,000 characters 777, 787, A380 generates many multiblock messages No time requirements 20 55

4 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 4 2/25/2014 FANS Flight Crew Procedures Section 5 of the Global Data Link Document (GOLD) Overview Logon Uplinks Downlinks Automatic Dependant Surveillance Position Reporting Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS- C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS- C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages

5 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 5 2/25/2014 FANS Flight Crew Procedures Overview Data Link requires different flight procedures between the pilot flying and pilot not flying than are used for voice (very important) Internal training program for FANS and integration with LOFT Requires operational approval from state authorities Operational approval enables regulators to ensure operators have an adequate training program and that the training program follows GOLD procedures. When to use CPDLC and when to use voice communicaitons Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS- C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS- C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages

6 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 6 2/25/2014 FANS Flight Crew Procedures Logon Unlike ACARS to establish a CPDLC connection the flight crew must Logon to an ATC facility to establish a CPDLC connection Procedures cover logging on when on the ground, after departure, and when entering a FANS capable FIR Procedures also cover automatic handoffs between FIRs and handoff failures Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS- C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS- C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages

7 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 7 2/25/2014 FANS Flight Crew Procedures Uplinks Once a CPDLC connection has been established CPDLC messages can be exchanged between the aircraft and ATC Each ATC data link (CPDLC) uplink message is annunciated to the flight crew using an aural and visual indication Unlike voice communication CPDLC requires BOTH flight crew to read the uplink silently to maintain situational awareness If reports are requested by ATC they should be responded to using CPDLC preformatted report messages not FREE TEXT Crew training material should highlight and develop special procedures for use of Conditional Clearances Note: The Boeing 787 has a built in conditional clearance monitor function and the Boeing 777 has a crew reminder function that can be used to remind crew of conditional clearances Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS- C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS- C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages

8 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 8 2/25/2014 FANS Flight Crew Procedures Uplinks - continued Free Text has been and continues to be a problem with flight crews. Each operators training program should highlight and remind flight crews on the use of free text. Preformatted messages should be used AT ALL TIMES in stead of typing out the same message using Free Text Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS- C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS- C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages

9 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 9 2/25/2014 FANS Flight Crew Procedures Downlinks Once a CPDLC connection is established the flight crew can create and send a downlink ATC message by using the pre-formatted message pages. Preformatted messages should be used AT ALL TIMES in stead of typing out the same message using Free Text To avoid potential ambiguity, the flight crew should avoid sending multiple clearance requests in a single downlink message Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS- C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS- C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages

10 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 10 2/25/2014 FANS Flight Crew Procedures Uplinks Once a CPDLC connection has been established CPDLC messages can be exchanged between the aircraft and ATC Each ATC data link (CPDLC) uplink message is annunciated to the flight crew using an aural and visual indication Unlike voice communication CPDLC requires BOTH flight crew to read the uplink silently to maintain situational awareness Crew training material should highlight and develop special procedures for use of Conditional Clearances Note: The Boeing 787 has a built in conditional clearance monitor function and the Boeing 777 has a crew reminder function that can be used to remind crew of conditional clearances Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS- C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS- C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages

11 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 11 2/25/2014 FANS Flight Crew Procedures Logon Unlike ACARS to establish a CPDLC connection the flight crew must Logon to an ATC facility to establish a CPDLC connection Procedures cover logging on when on the ground, after departure, and when entering a FANS capable FIR Procedures also cover automatic handoffs between FIRs and handoff failures Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS-C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS-C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages Chapter 5. Flight crew procedures Overview Operational differences between voice communications and CPDLC Operational authorization to use CPDLC and ADS- C When to use voice and when to use CPDLC Loss of SATCOM data communications Logon General When to initiate an AFN logon Automatic transfer of CPDLC and ADS-C services between FIRs Transfer voice communications with the CPDLC connection transfer Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C service areas CPDLC – ATS uplinks General Flight crew response times for uplinked messages Conditional clearances EXPECT uplinks Uplinks containing FMS-loadable data CPDLC – ATS downlinks General Free text Unsupported messages CPDLC reports Automatic dependant surveillance – contract (ADS- C) General Position reporting General Position reporting in a non-ADS-C environment Position reporting in an ADS-C environment (vi) Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD) First Edition 14 June Position reporting using FMC WPR Weather deviations and offsets General Weather deviation requests and offsets Deviations either side of route Reporting back on route Emergency and non-routine procedures Emergency procedures - general CPDLC and ADS-C emergency Voice communications Data link system failures Using CPDLC to relay messages

12 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page FANS Interface 737NG, 757, and 767 are Similar Forward CDU Functions FMC Company datalink (ACARS) ATC datalink SATCOM CMC AOC AFT CDU Functions ACMS Company datalink (ACARS) CMC SATCOM

13 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page Implementation ATC Data Link Uplink Annunciation Loadable Clearances Armed Reports Position Reporting ATC Message Log

14 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 14 ATC Data Link Airplane Requests Clearance Review Send to ATC

15 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 15 AOC Data Link Accessible via MCDU key Route Uplinks Wind Uplinks Position Reports Route Data Reports

16 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page FANS Interface Large format displays Common interface for both Company and ATC Centralized alerting Common user interface with other function - ECL Crew Reminder Function can be used for conditional clearances Accept / Reject / Cancel Switches Automatic ATC uplink display

17 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page FANS Interface Large format displays Common interface for both Company and ATC (FANS and ATN) Centralized alerting Common user interface with other function - ECL Conditional Clearance monitor Accept / Reject / Cancel Switches Automatic ATC uplink display

18 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page FANS 1 Implementation MFD display Cursor Control Selection Functionally similar to

19 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page FANS 1 Implementation Full Display of uplink Color coded display Action selection via CCD

20 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page FANS 1 Implementation Route Request via MFD Form Most pilot selections via form

21 Flight Deck, Flight Crew Operations Research & Design Page 21 2/25/2014 Questions?


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