Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Revision N° 13ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course06/05/09 Module N° 4 – Hazards.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Revision N° 13ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course06/05/09 Module N° 4 – Hazards."— Presentation transcript:

1 Revision N° 13ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course06/05/09 Module N° 4 – Hazards

2 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 2 Course structure Module 1 SMS course introduction Module 1 SMS course introduction Module 2 Basic safety concepts Module 2 Basic safety concepts Module 3 Introduction to safety management Module 4 Hazards Module 4 Hazards Module 5 Risks Module 5 Risks Module 6 SMS regulation Module 6 SMS regulation Module 7 Introduction to SMS Module 7 Introduction to SMS Module 8 SMS planning Module 8 SMS planning Module 9 SMS operation Module 9 SMS operation Module 10 Phased approach to SSP and SMS Implementation Module 10 Phased approach to SSP and SMS Implementation Safety Management System Module 3 Introduction to safety management Module 4 Hazards Module 4 Hazards Module 5 Risks Module 5 Risks

3 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 3 Objective At the end of this module, participants will be able to apply the fundamentals of hazard identification and analysis through a case study

4 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 4 Outline Two definitions First fundamental – Understanding hazards Second fundamental – Hazard identification Third fundamental – Hazard analysis Fourth fundamental – Documentation of hazards Questions and answers Points to remember Exercise 04/01 – International airport construction project (See Handout N° 3)

5 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 5 Two definitions Hazard – Condition or object with the potential of causing injuries to personnel, damage to equipment or structures, loss of material, or reduction of ability to perform a prescribed function Consequence – Potential outcome(s) of the hazard A wind of 15 knots blowing directly across the runway is a hazard A pilot may not be able to control the aircraft during takeoff or landing is one of the consequences of the hazard

6 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 6 First fundamental – Understanding hazards There is a natural tendency to describe hazards as their consequence(s) Unclear aerodrome signage vs. runway incursion Stating a hazard as consequence(s) : disguises the nature of the hazard interferes with identifying other important consequences. Well-named hazards : allow to infer the sources or mechanisms of the hazard allow to evaluate the loss outcome(s)

7 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 7 First fundamental – Understanding hazards Types of hazards Natural Technical Economic

8 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 8 Examples of natural hazards Severe weather or climatic events: E.g.: hurricanes, major winter storms, drought, tornadoes, thunderstorms lightning, and wind shear Adverse weather conditions: E.g.: Icing, freezing precipitation, heavy rain, snow, winds, and restrictions to visibility

9 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 9 Examples of natural hazards Geophysical events: E.g.: earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, floods and landslides Geographical conditions: E.g.: adverse terrain or large bodies of water Environmental events: E.g.: wildfires, wildlife activity, and insect or pest infestation. Public health events: E.g.: epidemics of influenza or other diseases

10 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 10 Examples of technical hazards Deficiencies regarding: E.g.: aircraft and aircraft components, systems, subsystems and related equipment E.g.: an organizations facilities, tools, and related equipment E.g.: facilities, systems, sub-systems and related equipment that are external to the organization

11 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 11 Examples of economics hazards Major trends related to: Growth Recession Cost of material or equipment Etc.

12 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 12 Second fundamental – Hazard identification In order to identify hazards, consider: Design factors, including equipment and task design Procedures and operating practices, including documentation and checklists Communications, including means, terminology and language …

13 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 13 Second fundamental – Hazard identification … consider: Organizational factors, such as company policies for recruitment, training, remuneration and allocation of resources Work environment factors, such as ambient noise and vibration, temperature, lighting and protective equipment and clothing...

14 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 14 Second fundamental – Hazard identification … consider: Regulatory factors, including the applicability and enforceability of regulations; certification of equipment, personnel and procedures; and the adequacy of oversight Defences including detection and warning systems, and the extent to which the equipment is resilient against errors and failures Human performance, including medical conditions and physical limitations

15 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 15 Sources of hazard identification Internal Flight Data Analysis Company voluntary reporting system Audits and surveys External Accident reports State mandatory occurrence system As a reminder Predictive Proactive Reactive

16 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 16 Hazard identification By whom? By anybody By designated personnel How? Through formal processes Depends on the organization When? Anytime Under specific conditions

17 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 17 Hazard identification Specific conditions Unexplained increase in safety-related events or infractions Major operational changes are foreseen Periods of significant organizational change

18 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 18 Third fundamental – Hazard analysis State the generic hazard (Hazard statement) Airport construction State the generic hazard (Hazard statement) Airport construction Identify specific components of the hazard Construction equipment Closed taxiways … Identify specific components of the hazard Construction equipment Closed taxiways … Naturally leading to specific consequence(s) Aircraft colliding with construction equipment Aircraft taking wrong taxiway … Naturally leading to specific consequence(s) Aircraft colliding with construction equipment Aircraft taking wrong taxiway … ABC of hazard analysis

19 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 19 Third fundamental – Hazard analysis Efficient and safe operations or provision of service require a constant balance between production goals... maintaining regular aerodrome operations during a runway construction project...and safety goals maintaining existing margins of safety in aerodrome operations during runway construction project. Aviation workplaces may contain hazards which may not be cost-effective to address even when operations must continue (Cost-benefit analysis further discussed in Module 5)

20 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 20 Fourth fundamental – Documentation of hazards Appropriate documentation management is important as: It is a formal procedure to translate operational safety data into hazard- related information It becomes the safety library of an organization

21 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 21 Fourth fundamental – Documentation of hazards Tracking and analysis of hazards is facilitated by standardizing: Definitions Understanding Validation Reporting Measurement Management

22 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 22 Fourth fundamental – Documentation of hazards Reactive method ASR MOR Incident reports Accident reports Reactive method ASR MOR Incident reports Accident reports Proactive method ASR Surveys Audits Proactive method ASR Surveys Audits Predictive method FDA Direct observation systems Predictive method FDA Direct observation systems Method Identification Management Documentation Information Inform person(s) responsible for implementing strategies Trend analysis Hazards Hazards FeedbackFeedback Develop control and mitigation strategies Assign responsibilities Assign responsibilities Implement strategies Safety bulletins Report distribution Seminars and workshops Assess the consequences and prioritize the risks Safety management information Safety management information Re-evaluate strategies and processes Re-evaluate strategies and processes

23 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 23 1 – 5 Accidents 30 – 100 Serious incidents 100 – 1000 Incidents 1000 – 4000 Latent conditions Hazard identification is a wasted effort if restricted to the aftermath of rare occurrences where there is serious injury, or significant damage. The focus of hazard identification Practical drift SMS

24 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 24 Questions and answers Hazards

25 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 25 Questions and answers Q : Define the concept of hazard. A: Hazard – Condition or object with the potential of causing injuries to personnel, damage to equipment or structures, loss of material, or reduction of ability to perform a prescribed function. Slide number: 5

26 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 26 Q: Provide three examples of areas/factors to consider when identifying hazards. A: Design factors, including equipment and task design. Procedures and operating practices, including documentation and checklists. Communications, including means, terminology and language. Slide number: 12 Questions and answers

27 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 27 Q: Name three specific circumstances when hazard identification is essential. A: Unexplained increase in safety-related events or infractions. Major operational changes are foreseen. Periods of significant organizational change Slide number: 17 Questions and answers

28 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 28 Points to remember 1.Hazards have potential consequences 2.Sources of hazard identification 3.ABC of hazard analysis 4.Hazard documentation: the safety library of an organization

29 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 29 Exercise 04/01 – International airport construction project (Handout N° 3) Hazards

30 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 30 International airport construction project Group activity: A facilitator will be appointed, who will coordinate the discussion A summary of the discussion will be written on flip charts, and a member of the group will brief on their findings in a plenary session Scenario: Construction project to enlarge and repave one of the two crossing runways at an international airport (150,000 movements a year)

31 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 31 Aerodrome layout

32 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 32 Construction project – Phase 1 Phase 1

33 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 33 Scope of the work Phase 1 Phase 1 Increase the width of runway 17-35 from 45 to 60 meters from a point 200 m from the intersection with runway 10- 28 to the south and strengthen the runway (from asphalt to concrete) to increase its Pavement Classification Number (PCN) Estimated time to complete the work Seven (7) months

34 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 34 Construction project – Phase 2 Phase 2 Phase 1

35 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 35 Scope of the work Phase 2 Phase 2 Increase the width of runway 17-35 from 45 to 60 meters from a point 200 m from the intersection with runway 10- 28 to the north and strengthen the runway (from asphalt to concrete) to increase its PCN Estimated time to complete the work Seven (7) months

36 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 36 Construction project – Phase 3 Phase 2 Phase 1 Phase 3

37 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 37 Scope of the work Phase 3 Phase 3 Complete the construction work of runway 17-35 for the central area of the last 400 m at the intersection of runway 17-35 and runway 10-28 (from asphalt to concrete), increasing its width from 45 to 60 meters and its PCN Estimated time to complete the work Four(4) months

38 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 38 Scope of the work Runway 10-28 utilization during the construction work Continuous utilization of runway 10-28 during the three- phase of runway 17-35 construction project. [To maintain regular aerodrome operations (production) and existing margins of safety (protection) in the operations during the runway construction project] Length of runway 10-28 is currently 4.100 m and during Phase 3 its length will be reduced, leaving a distance of 2.600 m for aircraft operations measured between threshold 10 and the intersection of runway 10-28 with taxiway Golf

39 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 39 Identify hazards Your task Identify the hazards using brainstorming techniques. Brainstorm a list of possible hazards, their components and their related consequences (use a flip chart) Complete the attached log (Table 04/01) as follows: List type of operation or activity State the generic hazard (hazard statement) Identify specific components of the hazard List hazard-related consequences It is recommended to conduct the hazard identification and analysis per each construction phase of runway 17- 35

40 Module N° 4ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course 40 Table 04/01 – Hazard identification Type of operation or activity Generic hazard (hazard statement) Specific components of the hazard N° 1 2 3 4 5 Hazard-related consequences

41 Revision N° 13ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course06/05/09 Module N° 4 – Hazards


Download ppt "Revision N° 13ICAO Safety Management Systems (SMS) Course06/05/09 Module N° 4 – Hazards."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google