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1 WMO First DPM Coordination Meeting Global results of the WMO Country-Level DPM Survey: Preliminary analysis of current capacities, gaps and needs of.

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Presentation on theme: "1 WMO First DPM Coordination Meeting Global results of the WMO Country-Level DPM Survey: Preliminary analysis of current capacities, gaps and needs of."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 WMO First DPM Coordination Meeting Global results of the WMO Country-Level DPM Survey: Preliminary analysis of current capacities, gaps and needs of WMO Members Item 3.0 By Maryam Golnaraghi, Chief of DPM Programme December 4, 2006

2 2 Issues Discussed in This Presentation Preliminary Analysis of WMO Country-level Survey - Global Intro to Preliminary Analysis of WMO Country-level Survey - Regional Status of Regional-Level DPM Survey Seven primary Gap Areas

3 3 Mapping of Capacities, Gaps and Needs Country-level DPM Survey (Doc. 2) Issues considered –Key hazards –National DRM governance and NMHS organizational structure –NMHS technical capacities –Partnerships and collaborations –Major gaps and needs Survey designed too enable objective analysis for any regions, sub regions, country groupings, etc Launched in March Responses received An electronic database has been developed with statistical analysis interface

4 4 Preliminary results of the WMO country-level DPM survey Global

5 5 Responses to the WMO Country-Level DPM Survey 139 out of 187 Members (74 %) responded 24/52 54 % 25/34 74 % 10/12 83 % 18/22 82 % 14/19 74 % 44/48 92 % Developing countries: 85/ % Least developed countries: 25/50 50 %

6 6 Ranking of the hazards from the country-level survey HIGH IMPACTS LOW IMPACTS

7 7 Understanding of Benefits of NMHSs at Ministerial Level 108/134 indicate low visibility of NMHS within government a major hurdle to NMHS contribution to DRM 124/132 indicate lack of ministerial understanding of benefits of hydro-met services to DRM a limiting factor 72/131 indicate national legislation and policies do not reflect role of NMHSs in DRM

8 8 Number of Countries Keeping Data Archives Very few countries maintain impact databases Need for strengthening NMHS capacities for hazard data archiving and maintaining standard databases Strong winds Flash flood Thunderstorm or lightning Drought River flooding Forest or wild land fire Earthquakes Heat wave Landslide or mudslide Hailstorm Hazards to aviation Dense fog Coastal flooding Tropical cyclone Heavy snow Cold wave Smoke, Dust or Haze Storm surge Waterborne hazards Tornado Marine hazards Avalanche Freezing rain Airborne substances Tsunami Volcanic events Desert locust swarm Sandstorm HIGH IMPACT LOW IMPACT

9 9 Number of Countries Issuing Warnings HIGH IMPACT LOW IMPACT Warnings could be significantly enhanced through strengthening of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services' capacities Strong winds Flash flood Thunderstorm or lightning Drought River flooding Forest or wild land fire Earthquakes Heat wave Landslide or mudslide Hailstorm Hazards to aviation Dense fog Coastal flooding Tropical cyclone Heavy snow Cold wave Smoke, Dust or Haze Storm surge Waterborne hazards Tornado Marine hazards Avalanche Freezing rain Airborne substances Tsunami Volcanic events Desert locust swarm Sandstorm

10 10 Contributions of NMHSs to key sectors relevant to Disaster Risk Management DRM Would open new Users for NMHSs products and Services 45% 39 % 55 % 50 %

11 11 Limiting factors of NMHSs in their contribution to disaster risk management

12 12 Areas in which WMO's global and regional efforts could enhance NMHSs' contribution to disaster risk management

13 13 Seven Gap Areas (Clarification Doc. 2) GA 1Mainstreaming NMHS and their technical capacities in the national disaster risk management and development planning and legislation GA 2Strengthening capacities for hazard monitoring, maintenance of standardized databases, and methodologies for hazard analysis in support of risk management applications GA 3Strengthening capacities for end-to-end operational hazard early detection and warnings supported by strong governance, organizational and operational capacities GA 4Strengthening capacities for provision of meteorological services in support of pre- and post-disaster emergency response and relief operations GA 5Facilitation of partnerships among NMHSs and other key national agencies for a more coordinated approach to DRM GA 6Strengthening educational and training programmes of NMHSs and their key stakeholders in DRM such as authorities, emergency response operators and media GA 7Development of public outreach programmes and materials

14 14 Preliminary results of the WMO country-level DPM survey Regional (Results will be covered in the afternoon session)

15 15 Patterns of casualties by natural hazards in WMO Regions

16 16 Patterns of economic losses by natural hazards in WMO Regions

17 17 Casualties by natural hazards in WMO Regions

18 18 Economic losses by natural hazards in WMO Regions

19 19 Results will be reviewed during the afternoon session Day 1 Regional Analysis Confirm Same Seven Gap Areas

20 20 WMO Regional-Level DPM Survey Launched in October 2006 DPM Working Groups of Regional Associations

21 21 Regional-level DPM survey is being implemented by RA Working Group on DPM to address issues related to: i)Providing information on initiatives through various economic groupings and agencies to develop regional strategic plans for implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) ii)Strengthening regional capacity s in disaster risk management iii)Identification and prioritization of hazards that pose the greatest risk resulting in a need for cross boundary / sub-regional / regional collaboration and cooperation iv)Understanding the current capacities and activities in the region in support of disaster risk management, and how these regional capacities and activities support these focus areas, including the projects underway through the working groups of the Regional Association v)Identification of gaps and needs and cross-boundary challenges for enhancing capacities in support of disaster risk management vi)Regional priorities with respect to addressing these gaps and needs vii)Identification of existing and potential future partnerships and concrete project areas of the regional association with other agencies involved in disaster risk reduction. viii)Prioritization of activities / projects in support of Members capacities in disaster risk management in your Regional Association.

22 22 Thank you

23 23 Supporting slides

24 24 Seven Gap Areas (Clarification Doc. 2) GA 1Mainstreaming NMHS and their technical capacities in the national disaster risk management and development planning and legislation GA 2Strengthening capacities for hazard monitoring, maintenance of standardized databases, and methodologies for hazard analysis in support of risk management applications GA 3Strengthening capacities for end-to-end operational hazard early detection and warnings supported by strong governance, organizational and operational capacities GA 4Strengthening capacities for provision of meteorological services in support of pre- and post-disaster emergency response and relief operations GA 5Facilitation of partnerships among NMHSs and other key national agencies for a more coordinated approach to DRM GA 6Strengthening educational and training programmes of NMHSs and their key stakeholders in DRM such as authorities, emergency response operators and media GA 7Development of public outreach programmes and materials

25 25 Patterns of disasters by natural hazards in WMO Regions

26 26 Disasters by natural hazards in WMO Regions

27 27 Disasters (events) by natural hazards in WMO Regions RA I Global RA II RA III RA IV RA V RA VI

28 28 Casualties by natural hazards in WMO Regions RA I Global RA II RA III RA IV RA V RA VI

29 29 Economic losses by natural hazards in WMO Regions RA I Global RA II RA III RA IV RA V RA VI

30 30 Ranking of the hazards from the country- level survey in developing countries HIGH IMPACTS LOW IMPACTS

31 31 Number of developing countries keeping data archives Very few countries maintain impact databases Need for strengthening National Meteorological and Hydrological Services' capacities for hazard data archiving Drought Strong winds Thunderstorm or lightning Flash flood River flooding Forest or wild land fire Earthquakes Landslide or mudslide Tropical cyclone Hazards to aviation Coastal flooding Hailstorm Heat wave Smoke, Dust or Haze Dense fog Storm surge Tsunami Tornado Desert locust swarm Waterborne hazards Cold wave Sandstorm Volcanic events Marine hazards Avalanche Airborne substances Heavy snow Freezing rain HIGH IMPACT LOW IMPACT

32 32 Number of developing countries issuing warnings HIGH IMPACT LOW IMPACT Warnings could be significantly enhanced through strengthening of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services' capacities Drought Strong winds Thunderstorm or lightning Flash flood River flooding Forest or wild land fire Earthquakes Landslide or mudslide Tropical cyclone Hazards to aviation Coastal flooding Hailstorm Heat wave Smoke, Dust or Haze Dense fog Storm surge Tsunami Tornado Desert locust swarm Waterborne hazards Cold wave Sandstorm Volcanic events Marine hazards Avalanche Airborne substances Heavy snow Freezing rain

33 33 Ranking of the hazards from the country- level survey in LDC HIGH IMPACTS LOW IMPACTS

34 34 Number of LDC keeping data archives Very few countries maintain impact databases Need for strengthening National Meteorological and Hydrological Services' capacities for hazard data archiving Drought Strong winds Thunderstorm or lightning River flooding Flash flood Earthquakes Forest or wild land fire Heat wave Tropical cyclone Hazards to aviation Landslide or mudslide Coastal flooding Desert locust swarm Hailstorm Smoke, Dust or Haze Tsunami Dense fog Waterborne hazards Storm surge Tornado Sandstorm Volcanic events Marine hazards Cold wave Airborne substances Avalanche Freezing rain Heavy snow HIGH IMPACT LOW IMPACT

35 35 Number of LDC issuing warnings HIGH IMPACT LOW IMPACT Warnings could be significantly enhanced through strengthening of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services' capacities Drought Strong winds Thunderstorm or lightning River flooding Flash flood Earthquakes Forest or wild land fire Heat wave Tropical cyclone Hazards to aviation Landslide or mudslide Coastal flooding Desert locust swarm Hailstorm Smoke, Dust or Haze Tsunami Dense fog Waterborne hazards Storm surge Tornado Sandstorm Volcanic events Marine hazards Cold wave Airborne substances Avalanche Freezing rain Heavy snow


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