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Imperial China. Instructions: Look at the images on the following slides, write down some thoughts for each, & think-pair-share before we discuss as a.

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Presentation on theme: "Imperial China. Instructions: Look at the images on the following slides, write down some thoughts for each, & think-pair-share before we discuss as a."— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperial China

2 Instructions: Look at the images on the following slides, write down some thoughts for each, & think-pair-share before we discuss as a class. Example below: Image #Ideas/Descriptions/Notes #1(Description of pictures & slide goes here)

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11 200 B.C.E. 0 C.E. 200 C.E. 400 C.E. 600 C.E. 800 C.E C.E C.E C.E C.E. Qin Dynasty ( BCE) Han Dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE) Warring States ( CE) Tang Dynasty ( CE) Song Dynasty ( CE) Yuan Dynasty ( CE) Ming Dynasty ( CE) Fall of Rome (476 CE) Roman Empire Starts (27 BCE) Beginning of Islam (610 CE) Columbus sails to New World (1492) Fall of Byzantine Empire (1453) This will be our area of focus for this unit.

12 Dynasty Definition: A line of family members that rule over a country Political System of China *******China was divided for long periods of its history, with different regions being ruled by different groups. At times like these, there was not any single dynasty ruling a unified China.*******

13 Sui Dynasty ( ) Founder: Wendi Founder: Wendi Began reunification of China Began reunification of China Restores old political traditions Restores old political traditions Allows people to follow own beliefs Allows people to follow own beliefs Builds Grand Canal (canal definition-- Builds Grand Canal (canal definition--An artificial waterway constructed to allow the passage of boats or ships inland or to convey water for irrigation) Rebuilds parts of Great Wall Rebuilds parts of Great Wall  Sui falls because commoners revolt ( definition: attempt to overthrow authority (government )—too many taxes and forced labor to complete huge projects

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15 Emperor Wendi

16 Grand Canal

17 Tang Dynasty ( ) Borrowed ideas from Sui Dynasty: Borrowed ideas from Sui Dynasty: Sui government model (Confucian teachings) Sui government model (Confucian teachings) Sui tax system Sui tax system Sui capital (Chang’an—located on trade routes) Sui capital (Chang’an—located on trade routes) Golden Age of Medieval China  Progress/Stability Golden Age of Medieval China  Progress/Stability Canals, Roads, Poetry, Painting, Literature, Technological Advances, Buddhism spreads, Population growth Canals, Roads, Poetry, Painting, Literature, Technological Advances, Buddhism spreads, Population growth Innovation : improvement on an existing idea/invention Innovation : improvement on an existing idea/invention Political/Cultural influence in Korea, Japan, Vietnam Political/Cultural influence in Korea, Japan, Vietnam

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21 Tang Dynasty (Continued) Emperor Taizong (626 CE): Emperor Taizong (626 CE): Fair taxes, redistributes land to poor Fair taxes, redistributes land to poor Empress Wu Zhao (690 CE): Empress Wu Zhao (690 CE): Only woman emperor Only woman emperor Reconquers Korea Reconquers Korea

22 Chinese Government Emperor Advisors Bureacracy: government divided into departments Local governments report to the central bureaucracy

23 Imperial State Imperial = having to do with an empire Imperial = having to do with an empire Definition: The way an empire’s government and territories are organized—local areas have some autonomy (they function mostly on their own) and they answer to the next step up in the government pyramid. Definition: The way an empire’s government and territories are organized—local areas have some autonomy (they function mostly on their own) and they answer to the next step up in the government pyramid.

24 Tang Law Code (624-late 1200s) SIGNIFICANT BECAUSE  Listed all laws of China so the same laws would be used everywhere SIGNIFICANT BECAUSE  Listed all laws of China so the same laws would be used everywhere

25 Scholar-Officials Definition: An educated person with a government position—must pass a civil service exam Definition: An educated person with a government position—must pass a civil service exam Civil-Service Exam: Tests knowledge of Confucian ideas, poetry, and other subjects (MOST PEOPLE FAILED) Civil-Service Exam: Tests knowledge of Confucian ideas, poetry, and other subjects (MOST PEOPLE FAILED)

26 Song Dynasty ( ) Political/Military Turmoil Political/Military Turmoil Jin, Mongols attack constantly Jin, Mongols attack constantly High-point of Chinese innovation (new ideas/methods, improving older inventions) High-point of Chinese innovation (new ideas/methods, improving older inventions) 1.Early Ripening Rice  Population growth 2.War  Military Advancements (gunpowder)


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