Presentation on theme: "Objectives and Expectations"— Presentation transcript:
1Objectives and Expectations Dr. Bernard VallatDirector General of the OIEKeynote addressObjectives and ExpectationsOIE Global Conference on Veterinary LegislationDjerba, Tunisia, 7 December 2010
2Contents Introduction Background, OIE 5th Strategic Plan and current initiativesVeterinary Legislation – a key element in the OIE PVS PathwayObjectives & expectations
35th OIE Strategic Plan (2011-2015) Animal Health systems are a global public goodGlobal public goods are goods whose benefits extend to all countries, people and generationsOne World-One Health (OWOH)A global strategy for cooperation in managing risks at the animal-human interfaceRelation between animal health, animal production and the environmentNeed to gain a clearer understanding of the link between animals and the environment.
45th Strategic Plan: Key concepts Food Security & Food SafetyNeed for a global supply of safe foodFood security, including animal protein, is a key public health concernHealthy animals ensure food security and food safetyVeterinary Services play a key role in protecting societyAnimal welfare: a OIE strategic engagementAnimal health is a key component of animal welfareOIE is recognised globally as the leader in setting international animal welfare standards
55th Strategic Plan: Key concepts Veterinary educationThe quality of veterinarians is essential for protection of societyRecognition of veterinary diploma and professional excellenceOIE Global Conference on Veterinary Education (and follow up)Good Governance of Veterinary ServicesNeed for appropriate legislation and implementation through national animal health systemsA responsibility of GovernmentAlliances between public and private sectors (farmers, consumers)Quality of Services: use of OIE PVS evaluation and PVS Gap Analysis toolsInitial and ongoing veterinary education
6Trends in animal protein consumption Shift from poverty to middle-class (+1 billion people expected)Increase in the number of daily mealsSome projections for 2030 indicate that the demand for animal proteins, in particular milk and eggs, will increase by 50%, especially in developing countries
7Veterinary Services in today’s world Pathogens are transported around theworld faster than the averageincubation time of most epizootics.Climate change and human behaviourallow colonisation of new territories byvectors and pathogense.g …bluetongue in Europe; H5N1 avian influenza; west Nile fever in the USA
8Zoonotic potential of animal pathogens 60% of human pathogens are zoonotic75% of emerging diseases are zoonotic80% of agents with a potential use in bioterrorism are zoonotic pathogens
9Food security, food safety and public health 1 billion poor people depend on livestock for survivalThe impact of animal diseases on animal production losses worldwide exceeds 20%Animal health, food security, public health are linkedAnimal protein is crucial for human health and welfareGiven the rising demand for protein, animal production must be intensified globallyThreats include globalisation, climate change and bioterrorismThe veterinary profession must be ready!
10The ‘Global Public Good’ Concept In relation to the control and eradication of infectious diseases, the benefits are international and intergenerational in scope.Countries depend on each otherAnimal health systems are not a commercial nor a strictly agricultural good. They are fully eligible for national and global public resourcesFailure of one country may endanger the entire planet
11Good Governance – for all countries Need for appropriate legislation and its efficient implementation through appropriate human and financial resources allowing national animal health systems to provide for:Appropriate surveillance, early detection, transparencyRapid response to animal disease outbreaksBiosecurity measuresCompensationVaccination when appropriateDeregulation and lack of resources for veterinary services can be a source of biological disasters
12Veterinary Legislation A crucial element of the Veterinary Services’ infrastructureNot updated for many years in many OIE MembersInadequate in structure and content for the challenges facing VS in today’s worldthe OIE provides assistance to Members via the Global Veterinary Legislation Initiative, part of theOIE PVS Pathway for efficient Veterinary Services1212
14PVS Evaluation Mission - ‘diagnostic step’ External independent evaluation (objectivity)Experts trained and certified by the OIEBased on facts & evidence, not impressionsUpon request of the country (voluntary basis)To assess:Compliance with OIE standardsStrengths / WeaknessesGaps / areas for improvementPeer reviewedRecognised by international donorsNot an auditCountry property (confidentiality of results)
15The global diagnostic Insufficient national chain of command Weakness of private sector organizationsFew compensation mechanismsLimited ability to control livestock movementsConstraints to implement biosecurity measuresDifficulty of implementing appropriate vaccinationFailures in the control of veterinary drugs threaten human health, market access and the development of private sector veterinary services
16The global diagnosticCompetition with other priority sectors for national and international resourcesWeaknesses of national Veterinary Services (legislation, human and financial resources)Veterinary services need to improve their ability to present financial information and cost/benefit arguments to support their missionsVeterinary initial and continuing education programmes do not comply with the global needs.
17PVS Evaluation missions State of play – 01/12/2010 OIE RegionsOIE MembersPVS Requests receivedPVS Missions doneReports availableAfrica52464333Americas29211915Asia & Pacific31161411Europe5313129Middle East4Total177108997217
18OIE Assistance on Veterinary Legislation There is no model – each country is sovereignCountry PVS report available (important condition)Official country request to the OIEOIE proposal to the country for an initial mission (identification of needs and context)Technical Assistance Convention with the countryOIE preparatory questionnaire sent to the countryCreation of national Veterinary Legislation Task ForceCountry work linked with OIE experts
19OIE support under an MOU A 1 year or 2 year programme for legislative renewal, with ongoing support by an OIE expert.Strong interest in this optionThe OIE, through an experienced and qualified expert, provides technical advice – but legislative renewal can only be achieved by technical experts and legal advisors of the countrywith full support from decision makers in government
20Veterinary Legislation Identification Mission State of play – 01/12/2010 OIE RegionsOIE MembersLegislation Requests receivedLegislation Missions doneAfrica52168Americas292Asia & Pacific313Europe531Middle East124Total177281720
21OIE Technical Guidelines on Veterinary Legislation The technical guidelines will be used to update the legislation where gaps are identified in the course of an OIE PVS Evaluation20Leg.pdfThe Terrestrial Code Commission will propose to incorporate them as standards in 2011.
22OIE Technical Guidelines on Veterinary Legislation Separation between the legislative and the regulatory domainThe authority of VS to enter livestock premises and other relevant establishments and take the actions needed for early detection, reporting and rapid and effective management of any animal diseasesGive VS the necessary authority to perform them efficiently and effectively
23OIE Technical Guidelines on Veterinary Legislation Appropriate basis for communication between VS and other governmental bodies and provide a framework for joint activitiesfor on farm issues, including zoonoses, veterinarians must always be in the front line but do not act in isolation.Cooperation between stakeholders (private sector veterinarians, livestock producers and processors)Framework for stakeholder cooperation and partnershipdefinition of the roles and responsibilitiesrights and obligations of all responsible parties.
24A stronger collaboration between WHO, FAO and OIE Sharing responsibilities and coordinating global activities to address health risks at the animal-human-ecosystems interfaces24
25CommunicationCommunication with consumers: a key responsibility of Veterinary Services.Food safety: VS can contribute to managing the risks associated with live animals and their products, i.e. effective risk management.Animal welfare: information on how livestock are produced, transported and slaughtered.VS: the key organisation regulating and providing guidance on animal welfare.Need appropriate regulatory framework and provisions for communication with consumers and NGOs to inform them of government decisions and give them a channel for raising concerns
26Other elements in the PVS Pathway Twinning: link between OIE Reference Laboratory or Collaborating Centre (parent) and national laboratory (candidate) with the ultimate goal of becoming an OIE Reference Laboratory or Centre.Help to build national veterinary scientific community in developing countriesparticipation of scientists and experts of developing countries (with financial support of the EC)
27OIE Twinning Initiative Better global geographical coverageRegional supportImproved access for more countries (focus on developing and transition countries) to diagnostics and expertise and to participate in OIE standard setting process
28190 OIE Ref. Labs., 36 Countries, 101 Diseases, 161 experts, List of OIE Reference Laboratories:
29PVS Gap AnalysisTo identify specific activities, tasks and resources required to address “gaps” identified through the country PVS evaluationTo determine and confirm country priorities (country involvement)Estimation of costs (collaboration with Partners and Donors)Preparation of an estimated budgetSupport to preparation of investment programmes
30PVS Gap Analysis mission a PVS Gap Analysis mission facilitates the definition of country’s Veterinary Services’ objectives in terms of compliance with OIE quality standards, suitably adapted to national constraints and priorities.The country PVS Gap Analysis report includes an indicative operational budget for 5 years and an exceptional budget (necessary investments) when relevant.
31Using the PVS Gap Analysis How and what to finance is a sovereign decision of the countryThe Country’s Government decides if this is kept for internal use or distributed if necessary to Donors and relevant International Organisations to prepare investment programmes
32Using the PVS Gap Analysis In country discussions with the relevant Minister, other Ministries, Ministry of Finance, Prime Minister, Head of State, National Parliament, depending on the context of the countryRound tables, in the country, with Donor Agencies and International Organisations, incl. FAOPreparation of the country Veterinary Services estimated Budget and of national or international investments
33Veterinary EducationThe quality of veterinary education is not adequate in up to 80% of veterinary education establishments in the world.Initial & continuing veterinary education is a key tool for global good governance
34Veterinary EducationNeed for harmonisation of basic core curricula towards a global standardbased on a list of ‘day 1 competencies’Minimum requirements – developed countries may have stricter standardsQuality control and recognition proceduresMore involvement of Veterinary Statutory Body
35Objectives and expectations for the conference Comments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) : [source :The International Committee is the highest authority of the OIE.It comprises all the Delegates and meets at least once a year. The General Session of the International Committee lasts five days and is held every year in May in Paris.Voting by Delegates within the International Committee respects the democratic principle of 'one country, one vote'.The International Committee elects the members of the governing bodies of the OIE (President and Vice-President of the Committee, Members of the Administrative Commission, Regional and Specialist Commissions).He appoints the Director General of the OIE for a five year mandate.Le Comité international est l’organe suprême de l’OIE.Il est composé de tous les Délégués et se réunit au moins une fois par an. Sa Session générale, qui dure cinq jours, se tient tous les ans au mois de mai à Paris.Le vote des Délégués, au sein du Comité international, respecte le principe démocratique de "un pays, une voix".Le Comité international élit les membres des organes directeurs de l’OIE (Président et Vice-Président du Comité, Membres de la Commission administrative, des Commissions régionales et des Commissions spécialisées).Il nomme le Directeur général de l’OIE pour un mandat de cinq ans.35
36OIE Objectives (1)To help national animal health and welfare systems to be ready to address the important threats and challenges of:GlobalisationClimate changesocietal expectationTo explain how compliance with global standards and guidelines can facilitate the needed evolution of Member countries and regional organisations.
37OIE Objectives (2)To present the different tools available to OIE Member Countries:the OIE PVS Pathway and the global capacity building programmeOIE Veterinary Legislation Strengthening Programme, as part of the PVS PathwayTwinning programme for laboratories and other institutesOIE Veterinary Education Initiativepromotion of the important role of Veterinary Statutory Bodies
38OIE Objectives (3)To continue advocating on behalf of VS, including interactions with OIE Donors and PartnersTo argue for significant investment in VS because they are a Global public goodTo provide compelling messages for presentation to decision-makersTo provide the tools to help VS to take steps to strengthen the national legislation and thereby improve the efficiency of national VSTo raise awareness of the key importance of quality veterinary education for efficient VS
39ExpectationsFull engagement of all participants, including by taking key consensual messages back to national governmentsIncreased support from OIE Partners and Donors for the PVS Pathway, including the Veterinary Legislation Support Programme and other initiatives to help Members to be ready to deal with important global new challengesIncreased involvement of Regional Economic Communities with the goal of harmonising legislation at the regional level.
40ExpectationsIncreased involvement of Veterinary Statutory Bodies in the regulation of the profession, including closer collaboration with the VSRenewed emphasis on the importance of initial and continuing veterinary education as a key component of efficient Veterinary ServicesCloser collaboration between VS and Ministries responsible for human health, wildlife and the environmentGlobal endorsement of the OIE approach to global capacity building and twinning programmes.
41Acknowledgements to:This conference is co-funded by the European Union and Australian Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (DAFF).Financial support for participation is also provided by the Organismo Internacional Regional de Sanidad Agropecuaria (OIRSA).and special thanks to:the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Agriculture And Water Resources of Tunisia
42Thank you for your attention Organisation Mondiale de la Santé AnimaleWorld Organisation for Animal HealthOrganización Mundial de Sanidad Animal12 rue de Prony, Paris, France – –