Presentation on theme: "OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTATIONS"— Presentation transcript:
1 OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTATIONS Dr Bernard VallatDirector GeneralComments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) :
2 Contents Context of the conference OIE 5th Strategic Plan OIE role in aquatic animal healthObjectives and expectationsDesired outcomes of the conference
3 Global demand for food security Population growth: +1 billion people by 2050Shift from poverty to middle-classIncrease in the number of daily meals and the protein intake of individualsSome projections indicate that the demand for animal protein will increase by 50%especially in developing countries
4 Aquaculture and food security Aquaculture is the fastest growing food producing sector (annual 8.4% p.a. since 1970)Aquaculture provides high quality animal proteinAnimal health, food security and public health are linkedTo satisfy the global demand for protein-based foods, aquatic animal production must be intensifiedAquaculture development brings new aquatic animal disease risks and threats to the environmentAquatic animal diseases represent a major limitation to efficient aquaculture production and a constraint on international trade;
5 Aquaculture: particular challenges Countries need efficient aquatic animal health programmes to increase production of safe products in an environmentally sustainable way and to participate in international trade;Veterinarians and other health professionals play a key role in the establishment and implementation of aquatic animal health programs; but resources and qualified/skilled professionals are often lackingAquatic Animal Health Services, whether part of the Veterinary Services or not, frequently lack financial resources and infrastructure, including legislation, to implement efficient aquatic animal health programs.
6 The ‘Global Public Good’ Concept The benefits of control and eradication of infectious diseases, are international and intergenerational in scope.Countries depend on each other – the failure of one endangers allAnimal health systems are not a strictly commercial or agricultural good. They are fully eligible for national and global public resourcesSupporting animal health systems:a national and global priority
7 Good Governance: for all countries Competent Authorities need adequate infrastructure (including modern legislation) and resources to support effective implementation of animal health systems in the national territory, notably to address:Disease surveillance, early detection, transparencyRapid response to disease outbreaksBiosecurity measuresCompensationDeregulation and lack of sustainable funding for veterinary services and aquatic animal health services can lead to biological disasters
8 5th OIE Strategic Plan (2011-2015) Animal Health systems are a global public goodGlobal public goods > benefit all countries, people and generationsOne World-One Health (OWOH)A global strategy for cooperation in managing risks at the animal-human interfaceRelation between animal health, animal production and the environmentNeed to gain a clearer understanding of the link between animals and the environment.
9 5th OIE Strategic Plan: Key concepts Food Security and Food SafetyIncreasing demand for a global supply of safe foodFood security, especially the supply of affordable high quality protein, is a key public health concernAnimal health programs contribute to food security and food safetyVeterinary Services and aquatic animal health services play a key role in meeting societal expectations.Standard SettingThe OIE is the unique global organisation setting science-based standards and guidelines for animal health (including zoonoses), animal welfare and animal production food safety
10 5th Strategic Plan: Key concepts Animal welfare: a strategic engagementAnimal health is a key component of animal welfareOIE, with the mandate of its Members, is recognised globally as the leader in setting international animal welfare standardsVeterinary educationHigh quality veterinarians play an essential role in societyNeed for standardisation of the veterinary diploma, both initial and continuing educationThe OIE role in developing standards, including for aquatic animal health, progressed through OIE Global Conferences (Paris 2009 and Lyon 2011).
11 5th Strategic Plan: Key concepts Good Governance of Veterinary Services and Aquatic Animal Health Services (AAHS)Members need appropriate infrastructure to support implementation of national animal health programmes throughout the territoryGovernments have the overall authority and responsibilityAlliances between public and private sectors (veterinarians, farmers, consumers)OIE standards for efficient Veterinary and AAHS ServicesUsing the OIE PVS PathwayRole of the Veterinary Statutory Body setting standards for the practice of veterinary medicine.
12 The OIE role in standard setting The ‘3 sisters’food safetyCODEXplant healthIPPCanimal health and zoonosesOIEThe WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) .WTO SPS Agreement recognises OIE as a reference organisation for international standards on animal health including zoonoses12
13 Publication of international standards Aquatic Animal Health Codeamphibians, crustaceans, fish and molluscsManual of Diagnostic Testsfor Aquatic AnimalsOfficial reference of the WTO SPS AgreementAdopted by consensus of OIE MembersComments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) :available on theOIE Website
14 International standards Aquatic Animal Health Standards Commission oversees production of the Aquatic Code and Aquatic Manual;1st edition of the Aquatic Code and Manual produced in 1995;Recent developments include Code chapters on:welfare of farmed fishprudent use of antimicrobial agents in aquatic animalscriteria for safety of aquatic animal commoditiescontrol of hazards in feedNew listing of two diseases of amphibians14
15 International standards: antimicrobial use There is an urgent need to address the issues associated with antimicrobial use in aquatic animalsVery few effective compounds have been developed and authorised for use in aquatic animalsUse in aquatic animals involves the deliberate introduction of these chemicals into the food chain and the environmentUncontrolled use can lead to the emergence of resistant bacteria, which reduces the therapeutic value of antimicrobials…leading toPublic perception of a “drug-based” industry and consumer aversion to aquaculture products.15
16 International standards: antimicrobial use The OIE recognises that this issue has important implications for human health, animal health and the environmentWe are developing standards and recommendations to Members through an ad hoc Group on Antimicrobial Resistance and Aquatic AnimalsThe Chair of the ad hoc Group will make a presentation at this conference on the steps that need to be taken to manage these risks.16
17 Consultation on standards development Increasing numbers of Members engage in standard development by submitting comments on draft textsExperts are drawn from OIE reference centres and from all regions to participate in OIE ad hoc Groups, which report to Working Groups (Animal Welfare, Wildlife and Animal Production Food Safety) and/or Elected CommissionsCreation of National Aquatic Animal Focal Points (AAFP), under the authority of the National Delegate, help to strengthen engagement and implementation of standardsto date, 147 Members have nominated AAFP.17
18 OIE global partnerships The OIE has cooperative agreements with 51 global and regional organisations, most of which mainly focus on terrestrial animals, with some exceptions.
19 OIE DISEASE REPORTING: LEGAL OBLIGATIONS Chapter 1.1 Aquatic Code‘Notification of Diseases and Epidemiological Information’Article 1.1.2Members shall make available to other Members, through the OIE, whatever information is necessary to minimise the spread of important animal diseases and to assist in achieving better worldwide control of these diseases
22 TRANSPARENCY: WAHID PUBLIC INTERFACE Comments (with copyright) / Commentaires (soumis au Copyright) :
23 The OIE’s scientific excellence Reference LaboratoriesMay 2011Store and distribute reference reagentsDevelop, perform and validate diagnostic testsCoordinate scientific and technical studiesOrganise laboratory proficiency testing190 Reference laboratories101 diseases or topics (34 aquatic diseases)161 experts (team leaders)
24 The OIE’s scientific excellence Collaborating CentresMay 2011Assist in the development of procedures to harmonise animal disease regulations/international standards Coordinate studies Provide technical training Organise and host scientific meetings for the OIE37 Collaborating Centres in 21 countries35 topics (2 aquatic animal issues)37 experts (team leaders)
25 OIE support to Members Objectives of the OIE Twinning Program Better global geographical coverage - focus on developing and transition countriesRegional support for early diagnosis and reporting of listed diseasesImproved access for more countries to scientific expertise and to participate in OIE standard setting process.HOWEVER:Only 1 / 30 current projects addresses aquatic animal disease
26 OIE support to Members OIE PVS Pathway: Collaborating with governments, stakeholders and donorsVeterinary ServicesStrategic PlanModernisationof legislationPublic/privatePartnershipsEvaluation PVS« diagnosis »PVS Gap Analysis« prescription»PVS Follow-UpEvaluation missionCountry / DonorsInvestment / ProjectsVeterinaryEducationOIE is developing pilot PVS processes (Evaluation/Gap Analysis/Follow up) to include stronger collaboration with the PH sectorThere are several core competencies of the Veterinary Services (VS) for which close collaboration with public health (PH) partners in the country is necessary and/or beneficial to the efforts of the VS and their contribution to Veterinary Public HealthIn particular, a high degree of collaboration and cooperation is needed in some general areas to achieve the maximum benefits for animal and public health, e.g.Food safetyEndemic zoonotic diseasesEmerging infectious diseases (many are zoonotic)Basic Principles of the One Health PVS ActivitiesConducted at the request of the countryRemains focused on the activities and competencies of the National Veterinary ServicesNational Public Health participation in PVS Mission expectedVS would identify the Public Health participants and their participationProcess(es) are being pilotedLaboratories
27 PVS Pathway: first (diagnostic) step External independent evaluation (objectivity)Experts trained and certified by the OIEBased on facts & evidence, not impressionsNot an auditVoluntary, at request of a countryReport confidential unless country decides to release itTo assess:Compliance with OIE standardsStrengths / Weaknesses/ Gaps / areas for improvementPeer reviewedRecognised by international donorsProvides strong arguments for investment by governments/donors
28 PVS Evaluation missions State of play – 06/06/2011 OIE RegionsOIE MembersPVS RequestsMissions doneReports availableAfrica52504435Americas29222016Asia & Pacific31181411Europe531310Middle East125Total1781161027728
29 PVS Gap Analysis: prescriptive step Analysis Budget--TradeTradeTradeAnimalHealthAnimalAnimalVeterinaryPublicHealthVeterinaryLaboratoriesVeterinaryVeterinaryManagementManagement and Regulatory ServicesHealthHealthLaboratoriesLaboratoriesofVeterinaryServices(8 cards)(5 cards)(4 cards)(2 cards)(21 cards)Cost Estimation CardsTrade1Trade8AH1AH1AH5AH5VPH1VPH1VPH4VPH4Lab1Lab1Lab2Lab2MVS1MVS1MVS21MVS21
30 PVS Pathway and Aquatic Animal Health Services OIE PVS Pathway is a proven tool to help Members strengthen Veterinary ServicesOIE has developed a modified Tool for use in the evaluation of Aquatic Animal Health Services (AAHS)The same principles applyThere are some differences (e.g. the role played by veterinarians as opposed to aquatic animal health professionalsThe revised Tool is being further refined through pilot evaluations of AAHSI encourage all Delegates to consider requesting an evaluation.
31 OIE support to MembersOIE asks Members to appoint national focal points in 7 specific areas, under the authority of the National Delegate.The role of focal points is primarily to support the national Delegate in meeting his/her OIE obligationsThe OIE provides regular seminars for FP in each region.Aquatic animal diseasesWildlifeAnimal disease notificationVeterinary productsAnimal welfareAnimal production food safetyCommunication
32 Veterinary EducationInitial and continuing veterinary education is a key tool for global good governanceThe aquatic sector needs better access to appropriately trained and skilled veterinariansThere is an urgent need to improve the education of both veterinarians and aquatic animal health professionalsThe OIE is developing a list of day 1 competencies, including aquatic animal health, for veterinary graduates; considered as minimum requirements –countries may adopt stricter standardsThe Veterinary Statutory Body is responsible for recognition and quality control procedures.
33 Legislation covering the Veterinary domain A crucial element of the Veterinary Services’ infrastructureNot updated for many years in many OIE MembersInadequate in structure and content for the challenges facing VS in today’s worldthe OIE provides assistance to Members via the Global Veterinary Legislation Initiative, part of theOIE PVS Pathway for efficient Veterinary Services33
34 Objectives and expectations Our objective is to help to improve aquatic animal health worldwide and thereby, help alleviate poverty and hungerTo assist national authorities for aquatic animal health and welfare to address important threats and challenges:Feeding the growing world populationGlobalisationClimate change and other environmental threatsSocietal expectationsExplain how compliance with OIE standards and guidelines can help Member countries and regional organisations to meet these goals
35 Objectives and expectations To raise awareness of the OIE support available to Members through the OIE PVS Pathway and associated initiatives, including:the OIE PVS Gap Analysis and PVS follow upVeterinary Legislation Strengthening ProgrammeTwinning programmesOIE Veterinary Education Initiative
36 Objectives and expectations To continue advocating on behalf of Veterinary Services and Aquatic Animal Health Services as a Global Public Good and to encourage governments and donors to make needed investmentsTo provide compelling messages for VS/AAHS to help convince decision-makers of the need for investment;To raise awareness of the key importance of quality education for veterinarians and aquatic animal health professionals to improve aquatic animal health programs
37 Objectives and expectations To raise awareness of the need for research in some key areas, such as nutrition, sustainably sources of feed and disease prevention for aquaculture species;To advocate for applied research to support sustainable aquaculture development while avoiding unwanted impacts on the environment.
38 Desired outcomes (1)Full engagement of all participants, including by taking key consensual messages back to national governments;Increased Member requests for PVS evaluations of Aquatic Animal Health Services;Closer collaboration between the Veterinary Services and other Authorities responsible for aquatic animal health;
39 Desired outcomes (2)Generally improved compliance with OIE standards and guidelines, notably for diagnosis and reporting of OIE-listed diseases;Members contribute more actively to the OIE standard setting processRespect for and commitment to implement SPS standards, including animal health certification under the responsibility of governmental authorities;
40 Desired outcomes (3)All Members nominate Focal Points for Aquatic Animals and support their participation in OIE regional capacity building activitiesMembers with reference centres provide the needed resources for their activities and consider entering into twinning agreements with developing countries;
41 Desired outcomes (4)Endorsement of the OIE approach to global capacity building and twinning programmes for aquatic animal health programs, with increased support from OIE Partners and Donors for the PVS Pathway and other initiatives;Increased applications for recognition as OIE Reference Centres on aquatic animal issues and, for existing reference laboratories, continued support for the application of OIE standards by Members;
42 Desired outcomes (5)Renewed emphasis on the importance of initial and continuing education in aquatic animal health as a key component of efficient aquatic animal health programsIncreased support from governments and donors for the conduct of applied research needed for efficient aquatic animal health programmes.
43 Desired outcomes (6)The OIE continue taking steps to make the PVS Pathway more accessible to governments that wish to strengthen Aquatic Animal Health Services, including through the conduct of pilot assessments at the request of countriesThe OIE continue to enter into cooperative agreements with regional and international organisations, with the goal of increasing awareness of the need for aquatic animal health programs, improve early diagnosis and reporting of aquatic animal diseases and foster cooperation between veterinary and other relevant authorities at the national, regional and international levelThe OIE continue working to build Members’ capacity through providing training seminars and other activities for National Focal Points for Aquatic Animals.
44 With grateful thanks to This conference is co-funded by the European UnionFinancial support for participation also provided by:
45 …and to the Government of the Republic of Panama for hosting the conference
46 Thank you for your attention Organisation mondiale de la santé animaleWorld Organisation for Animal HealthOrganización Mundial de Sanidad Animal12 rue de Prony, Paris, France - –