Presentation on theme: "Evaluation of VS: Addressing Veterinary Statutory Bodies, Private veterinarians and para-professionals Dr. Caroline Planté OIE Sub-regional Representation."— Presentation transcript:
Evaluation of VS: Addressing Veterinary Statutory Bodies, Private veterinarians and para-professionals Dr. Caroline Planté OIE Sub-regional Representation in Brussels
Purposes of evaluation Countries have the right to evaluate the VS of a potential trading partner: importing countries exporting countries 1 – International exchanges Legal basis : from Article 188.8.131.52 => To assist the process of risk analysis in international trade in animals and animal derived-products to which official sanitary and/or zoosanitary controls apply.
Purposes of evaluation from Article 184.108.40.206. Members should recognise the right of another Member to undertake, or request it to undertake, an evaluation of its VS where the initiating Member is an actual or prospective importer, and where the evaluation is to be a component of a risk analysis process which is to be used to determine sanitary measures to be applied to trade.
Purposes of evaluation 2 – Self-evaluation Assessment of strengths and weaknesses Improvement of internal efficiency Resources allocation at political domestic level External resources if necessary Legal basis : from Article 220.127.116.11. To assist a national authority in the decision-making process regarding priorities for its own VS..
Who evaluates? Self-evaluation = first party evaluation By VS of trading partners = second partyevaluation By a third and independent body = third party recognition OIE OIE First party second party Third party
How to evaluate? Using the OIE-PVS Tool Tool for the evaluation of Performance of Veterinary Services Reference to the PVS included in the OIE Code since 2006 (not the tool itself, as it is not a OIE standard, art 18.104.22.168)
Structure of the OIE-PVS tool 4 fundamental components Critical competencies (6 - 12) 5 level of advancement Human, physical and financial resources Technical authority and capability Interactions with stakeholders Access to markets
Chap I- Human, physical and financial resources Section I-1: Professional and technical staffing of the VS Section I-2: Competencies of veterinarians and veterinary para-professionals Section I-3: Continuing education … Selected chapters of the OIE-PVS tool Chap III- Interaction with stakeholders … Section III-4: Accreditation/authorisation/delegation Section III-5: Veterinary Statutory Body …
Evaluation criteria Art 22.214.171.124 : Human resources : Core of full time civil service employees Must include veterinarians Should include vet. paraprofessionals May include private sector vets and vet. paraprof Functions to be described in detail : Analyse of adequate skills to undertake the tasks Sufficient number of qualified, experienced field vets Legislative basis and administrative mechanisms in place Subject to disciplinary procedures
OIE-PVS : Professional and technical staffing : The appropriate staffing of the VS to allow for veterinary and technical functions to be undertaken efficiently and effectively. A-Veterinary and other professionals level 1: the majority of veterinary and other professional positions are not occupied by appropriately qualified personnel level 2: …. are occupied by appropriately qualified personnel at central and state / provincial levels. level 3: …. are occupied by appropriately qualified personnel at local (field) level level 4: There is a systematic approach to defining job descriptions and formal appointment procedures for veterinarians and other professionals. level 5 : there are effective management procedures for performance assessment of veterinarians and other professionals Evaluation criteria
OIE-PVS : Competencies of veterinarians and veterinary para-professionals : The capability of the VS to efficiently carry out their veterinary and technical functions; measured by the academic qualifications of their personnel in veterinary, other professional and technical positions. A-Veterinary and other professionals level 1: The veterinarians practices, knowledge and attitudes are of a variable standard that usually allow for elementary clinical and administrative activities of the VS. level 2: …. are of a uniform standard that usually allow for accurate and appropriate clinical and administrative activities of the VS. level 3: …usually allow undertaking all professional/technical activities of the VS (e.g. epidemiological surveillance, early warning, public health, etc.). level 4: …usually allow undertaking specialized activities as may be needed by the VS.. level 5 :.. are subject to regular updating, or international harmonisation, or evaluation Evaluation criteria
OIE-PVS : Continuing education : The capability of the VS to maintain and improve the competence of their personnel in terms of relevant information and understanding; measured in terms of the implementation of an annually reviewed training programme. level 1: The VS have no access to continuing veterinary, professional or technical education. level 2: …. have access to CE (internal and/or external programmes) on an irregular basis but it does not take into account needs, or new information or understanding. level 3: …have access to CE that is reviewed annually and updated as necessary, but it is implemented for less than 50% of the relevant personnel level 4: …and it is implemented for more than 50% of the relevant personnel. level 5: The VS have up-to-date CE that is implemented for all relevant personnel. Evaluation criteria
OIE-PVS : Accreditation/authorization/delegation The authority and capability of the public sector of the VS to accredit / authorise / delegate the private sector (e.g. private veterinarians and laboratories), to carry out official tasks on its behalf. level 1: The public sector of the VS has neither the authority nor the capability to accredit / authorise / delegate the private sector to carry out official tasks.. level 2: …. has the authority and capability to accredit / authorise / delegate to the private sector, but there are no current accreditation / authorisation / delegation activities level 3: …develops accreditation / authorisation / delegation programmes for certain tasks, but these are not routinely reviewed. level 4: …develops and implements accreditation / authorisation / delegation programmes, and these are routinely reviewed. level 5:...carries out audits of its accreditation / authorisation / delegation programmes, in order to maintain the trust of their trading partners and stakeholders.. Evaluation criteria
Art 126.96.36.199 : Evaluation of VSB : Objectives and functions e.g.: licensing and/or registration; minimum standards of education; standards of professional conduct Legislative basis, autonomy and functional capacity Capacity to enforce control and apply disciplinary procedures Composition and representation of the bodys membership Accountability and transparency in decision-making Procedures of enquiries, publication, sentences, mechanism for appeal Sources and management of funding Administration of training programmes and continuing professional development for vets and vet. parap. Documentation on content, duration, participants ; good vet practices
OIE-PVS : Veterinary Statutory Body The Veterinary Statutory Body (VSB) is an autonomous authority responsible for the regulation of the veterinarians and veterinary para-professionals. Its role is defined in the Terrestrial Code level 1: There is no legislation establishing a VSB. level 2: There is a VSB, but it does not have legislated authority to make decisions nor to apply disciplinary measures. level 3: The VSB regulates veterinarians and veterinary para-professionals only within certain sectors of the VS (e.g. public sector but not private sector veterinarians). level 4: The VSB regulates veterinarians and veterinary para-professionals throughout the VS. level 5: The VSB is subject to evaluation procedures in respect of autonomy, functional capacity and membership representation. Evaluation criteria
Compliance with OIE standards of quality and evaluation Essential for Efficiency of VSTrust in VS Human resources constitute a crucial element for the quality of VS Conclusion
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