Presentation on theme: "Application of the OIE-PVS Tool to Aquatic Animal Health Services Keren Bar-Yaacov CVO Norway, member of OIE-PVS ad-hoc working group OIE conference Aquatic."— Presentation transcript:
Application of the OIE-PVS Tool to Aquatic Animal Health Services Keren Bar-Yaacov CVO Norway, member of OIE-PVS ad-hoc working group OIE conference Aquatic Animal Health Programmes Their benefits for global food security Panama 28 – 30 June 2011
Veterinary Services Strategic Plan Modernisation of legislation Country / Donors Investment / Projects Veterinary Education Evaluation PVS « diagnosis » PVS Gap Analysis « prescription» PVS Follow-Up Evaluation mission Laboratories Public/private Partnerships OIE support to Members http://www.oie.int/eng/oie/organisation/en_vet_eval_tool.htm?e1d2 OIE PVS Pathway: Collaborating with governments, stakeholders and donors
Application to Aquatic Animal Health Services Why do we need to include aquatic animal health services in the OIE-PVS activities? Adaptation of the OIE-PVS tool and a pilot aquatic evaluation What are the unique issues related to good aquatic animal health governance? Consequences for the OIE-PVS tool Some proposals on the way forward.
Why include Aquatic Animal Health Services in the OIE-PVS activities Aquatic animal health standard setting has been part of the OIE remit for more than 50 years. Aquatic animal production based on aquaculture is growing exponentially, and has during the past 5 -10 years already surpassed catch-fisheries measured in volume in many countries world-wide. Aquatic animal production from aquaculture represents an essential asset to the income of developed and developing countries world-wide.
Why include Aquatic Animal Health Services in the OIE-PVS activities Intensive production systems and large volumes in limited geographical water systems are posing new challenges to animal health, animal welfare, the environment and food safety. Aquatic animal health is a relatively new veterinary field and therefore new and emerging diseases are being discovered at a very rapid rate. There is an expectation that the OIE and its member countries take their share of the responsibility to assure a sustainable and ethical production in the coming years.
Since 1995 we have had a separate Aquatic Animal Health Code and Aquatic Diagnostic Manual. The code and the manual represent the accepted international standards and diagnostic procedures for trade in aquatic animals and their products. Chapter 3.1 refers of the Code refers to the quality of Aquatic Animal Health Services. Background- the code and manual Aquatic Animal Health Code Available at http://www.oie.int
The first OIE Global Aquatic Animal Health conference was held in Bergen, Norway in 2006. Following up on the conclusions of this conference the OIE has: strengthened the ad-hoc group for the OIE-PVS tool with aquatic competence, added relevant text on quality of competent authorities in the Aquatic Code, and adjusted some Critical Competencies in the OIE- PVS tool. Adaptation of the OIE-PVS tool
The next steps have been: Building up a pool of vets with aquatic animal health competence who can perform OIE-PVS evaluations. Completing a pilot study of a Member State using the modified OIE-PVS evaluator tool. Following the first pilot mission, re- adjusting the tool based on the feed- back from the evaluators. Adaptation of the OIE-PVS tool Drs Schneider, Donay and Bar-Yaacov, on the first pilot evaluation in South East Asia Photo: K. Bar-Yaacov
Unique issues for good aquatic animal health governance Personnel with non-veterinary background may be more competent than the vets. No calibrated curriculum for aquatic animal health education within, or as a supplement to, veterinary education. No regulation of an aquatic animal health profession and so far no parallel approval system such as a Veterinary Statutory Body.
Unique issues for good aquatic animal health governance Focus on increasing production, not necessarily on disease management. Knowledge gaps in research and difficulty in getting funding. Surveillance and control in the aquatic environment has its own limitations. Understanding of the possibilities and limitations in the field needs special expertise and competence. Lacking regulations that contribute to sustainable and ethical standards of production.
Consequences for an aquatic evaluation The evaluators must have some understanding of the production systems, the issues surrounding them and the possibilities and limitations in the field. Definitions must take account of the Aquatic Code, including more precise terms relating to surveillance and control of aquatic animal diseases. Photo: K. Bar-Yaacov
Consequences for an aquatic evaluation I-1 Staffing professional level of staff must be considered without exclusive reference to veterinarians (though not excluding these). I-2 Competencies competence of aquatic animal health professionals must be described, but we have yet to define a global standard for an aquatic animal health professional. Photo: B. Bergersen
Consequences for an aquatic evaluation II-2 Veterinary laboratories Aquatic animal health laboratories are not necessarily part of the veterinary laboratory. III-5 Veterinary Statutory Body In a country where the vets are not the aquatic animal health professionals, the Veterinary Statutory Body is irrelevant, but as yet no alternative. Photo: K. Bar-Yaacov
Market the importance of good aquatic animal health governance for future growth in aquatic production. Better to prepare for control, than to repair the damage. Support new pilot evaluations, we must get some momentum and build up a body of evaluations. We must also start looking at Gap Analysis and Legislation. Train more evaluators with aquatic animal health competence. This is a pre-requisite for doing a good job, and receiving recognition in the field. The way forward
Find incentives to use the OIE-PVS pathway as an essential support for good aquatic animal health governance. Budgets and project support should be dependent on an OIE-PVS aquatic evaluation. Build good collaboration between OIE, FAO and donors, also in the aquatic field. The need to assure that international activity and support are all pulling in the same direction is even more pertinent for aquatic animal health programmes, compared to the more traditionally known and accepted terrestrial programmes. The way forward