2 The Industrial Revolution Began in ______in the 1700’s with changes in the ______ industry______ began working together in mills using the power of flowing water to power their tools
3 Spinning Jenny, Water frame, & Power loom Increase efficiency & profitsSteam engine (who invented this? ______)Pumped water out of mines, ran textile machines, etc
4 The Birth of the US Textile Industry Textile workers couldn’t move out of ______ & people could send drawings of textile machinery to other countriesInterchangeable Parts- (define)______.
5 Interchangeable Parts Eli ______Contract to make 10,000 ______ in 2 yearsTook over 10 years & still had flawsMade all of the parts ______
6 The Cotton Gin Is a machine that ______ Important effects ______ depended on cotton as their major cropPlanters needed more landIncreased the number of ______Cotton profit skyrocketed
7 Transportation & Communication RoadsFirst were carved out of forests“______ Roads”Travel was bumpy & uncomfortable
8 River travelRoads functioned mainly to connect ______Routes didn’t work both waysRobert ______ invented the steam boat “Clermont”
9 ______ made it possible for western farmers & southern planters to increase their trade & profits
10 Canals Transport goods ______ on water Built ______ waterways Most famous was ______ Canal opened in 1825Links the ______ with the Great Lakes
11 RailroadsProved more ______Could ______1828- first American Railroad began in ______Baltimore & Ohio (B & O) lineEventually would put most canals out of business
12 An expanding economy Market revolution Began ______, borrowing and circulating money and creating wealthPeople bought items they made for themselves.
13 Working outside the home 1800’s rise in manufacturing increased the demand for people who would work _____, for a specific number of hours each day & for a certain amount of moneyUsed the ______ system
14 The Role of BanksThe Rise of the ______ IndustryAppeared in the 1780’s & 1790’sTo start a new bank, what would happen?Banks made money by doing what?
15 Uncontrolled Lending1800’s states didn’t restrict banks’ run away lendingOften made ______ to people who couldn’t pay them backIf a bank doesn’t have enough money, it could lead to ______
16 If a bank couldn’t meet the ______ needs, it would go out of business Led to ______
17 The Northern Section Section 2 Two regionsPopulous northeast- ______Old Northwest- ______
18 Farming in the Old Northwest Ideal growing ground for corn, wheat, & other grainsNew innovationsJohn Deere’s ______ could cut through the heavy soil
19 ______ mechanical reaper made harvesting grains less labor intensive & more profitable Farmers had to use the grains quickly or they would spoilFed to animals that produced other things
20 The Growth of Cities Many people moved looking for ______ ______ life differed greatly from the colonial timesWorkers spent more time away from the household
21 Families often had no support in times of need Filled by hospitals & schoolsGrowing number of urban poor people lived in areas with ______Known as ______
22 Cities couldn’t handle the rapid ______ Many lacked ______These urban areas acquired wealth & political influence gained from being creators of industry
23 Labor disputes in factories Early industries aimed to make a profit at ______Paid little & didn’t provide a healthy working environmentWorkers go on ______
24 The First Labor UnionsNational Trades Union 1834300,000 people joined ______ by 1830’sSoon died outFactory owners obtained ______