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REVOLUTION Guided Reading and Review. The Industrial Revolution  The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the mid 1700s.  Cause- British investors.

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Presentation on theme: "REVOLUTION Guided Reading and Review. The Industrial Revolution  The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the mid 1700s.  Cause- British investors."— Presentation transcript:

1 REVOLUTION Guided Reading and Review

2 The Industrial Revolution  The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the mid 1700s.  Cause- British investors developed new machines that made manufacturing faster.  Effect- The Industrial Revolution spread to the USA.

3 The Industrial Revolution  Samuel Slater memorized the design of the machines in British textile mills.  Cause- It was illegal to take plans for the machines out of England.  Effect- Slater built a successful water powered textile mill in the USA.

4 The Industrial Revolution  Eli Whitney invented machines that could manufacture identical parts.  Cause- Whitney wanted to speed up the manufacturing process.  Effect- Inventors soon designed machines to produce interchangeable parts for other goods.

5 The Industrial Revolution  Francis Cabot Lowell’s partners built a factory town named for him.  Cause- Lowell combined spinning and weaving operations under one roof.  Effect- Lowell became a model factory town and the population grew.

6 The Industrial Revolution  Textile mills hired young women.  Cause- Mill owners could pay lower wages to women than men.  Effect- Many young women left home and became financially independent. They used their wages to help their families.

7 Americans Move Westward  Many settlers traveled westward during the 1800s.  1. New roads such as the Great Wagon Road made it easier to travel west.  2. As more people traveled west, more territories applied for statehood.  3. Private companies began paving roads and collecting tolls for maintenance.  4. Congress approved money to build the National Road.

8 Americans Move Westward  In the early 1800s, Americans found faster and better ways to travel or move goods by water.  5. The invention of the steam engine and the steamboat made passenger and cargo travel much faster.  6. Steamboats made it cheaper for western farmers to ship goods.  7. The Erie Canal linked the Great Lakes and the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers, making it possible to ship goods to New York.

9 Industry in North  1. Sewing machines could make many more items of clothing in much less time than a tailor.  2. John Deere’s plow was much lighter and could be pulled through a field more quickly.  3. Morse’s telegraph had faster access to information about supply, demand, and prices for all over the country.

10 Industry in the North  5. Clipper ships were able to travel more quickly through the water because of their tall masts, huge sails, and narrow hulls.  6. Effects of factories, machines, and railroads on the Northern economy:  Factories used steam power  Machines produced cheaper goods  Railroads provided faster transportation of materials and goods.  Markets opened and farmers were forced into factory jobs.

11 Cotton Kingdom in the South  1. Effect- The cotton gin could do the work of 50 people. Cotton could be grown for a huge profit.  2. Cause- Planters needed new land and began to move west.  3. Effect- In other areas southerners raised rice, sugar cane, tobacco, and livestock.

12 Cotton Kingdom in the South  4. Cause- Rich planters invested in slaves and land.  5. Effect- Southerners resented their dependency on the north.


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