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Technology Gap Analysis and Environmentally Sound Technology (EST) Transfer Dr. Heinz Leuenberger Director Energy and Cleaner Production Branch United.

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Presentation on theme: "Technology Gap Analysis and Environmentally Sound Technology (EST) Transfer Dr. Heinz Leuenberger Director Energy and Cleaner Production Branch United."— Presentation transcript:

1 Technology Gap Analysis and Environmentally Sound Technology (EST) Transfer Dr. Heinz Leuenberger Director Energy and Cleaner Production Branch United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Vienna This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button Select Meeting Minder Select the Action Items tab Type in action items as they come up Click OK to dismiss this box This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered.

2 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Industrial Pollution Cleaner Production: 1. To increase efficiency 2. To recycle waste materials 3. To produce useful by-products out of waste materials 4. End-of-pipe treatment Air Pollution Product Waste water: contains heavy metals plus auxiliary chemicals Nickel Water Chemicals Energy Efficiency: 80%

3 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC What is Cleaner Production ? It is a new and creative approach (way of thinking) towards products and production processes. It is the continuous application of an integrated, preventive strategy to processes, products and services to increase efficiency and reduce risks to humans and the environment.

4 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Cleaner Production requires mainly Applying know-how (systematic approach, technology know-how) Changing attitudes Improving the existing technology step by step Changing to new, better and cleaner technology (EST)

5 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Benchmarks 1.Improve the understanding of its operation 2.Assess performance 3.Compare performance with best practice and industry averages and standards 4.Assess progress in meeting financial performance targets 5.Assess progress in meeting environmental improvement targets

6 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Benchmarks

7 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Technology level and environmental pollution Environmental pollution New installed technology, no focus on environmental performance BEAT BAT Technology level Currently used technology

8 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Case study: Process description Simplified process flow diagram acid pickling rinsing zinc bath rinsing wire rod storage annealing cooling acid pickling rinsing neutralization rinsing storage Raw material 1. Drawing 3. Surface preparation 6. Electroplating 5. Surface preparation 4. Storage drawing 2. Heat treatment

9 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Case study: Best Economically Attractive Technology Evaluation Our case study is a wire factory which produces 10,000t of Zinc coated wire per year Annual energy consumption and the CO 2 emission are listed

10 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Consumption Benchmarks Acid consumption in pickling lines or galvanizing production Annual acid consumption of the different pickling lines (annual production: 10,000 t)

11 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth Consumption Benchmarks Water consumption per ton of product NbABC m3 740m 3 532m 3 727m m 3

12 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Result: Benchmarks, complete production Values based on coating thickness of 90 g/m 2.

13 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Investment costs/ operating costs

14 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Cost analysis

15 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Result: Best Economically Attractive Technology Evaluation BEAT: Hot-dip-galvanization for wire production. Technology C 1.Reasonable investment costs 2.Low operational costs 3.Lowest energy consumption 4.Low water and acid consumption 5.Very good product quality 6.Lowest total annual costs

16 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Technology Transfer, Principle 1.Technical assistance (consultation) 2.Know-how transfer (training) 3.Transfer of equipment 4.Technical documentation (standards) 5.Use of immaterial goods (patents, brands, licenses)

17 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth VNCPC Technology Transfer, Barriers Lack of information Insufficient human capabilities Political and economic barriers such as lack of capital, high transaction costs Lack of full cost pricing Trade and policy barriers Lack of understanding of local needs Business limitations such as the aversion to risk felt by some financial institutions Inadequate environmental codes and standards. Intellectual property rights

18 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth Green Credit Trust Fund (GCTF) 1. What are Green Credits and the GCTF? 2. Objective of the GCTF 3. The Modalities of Green Credits and the GCTF 4. Role of Financial Institutions 5. Role of the Cleaner Production Centre 6. Role of the Swiss Government 7. Role of the Trust Fund Administrator 8. Operating Guidelines of the GCTF 9. Ongoing Projects

19 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth Green Credits and GCTF 1. Green Credits are medium to long – term loans for investments that have a positive impact on the environment 2. The GCTF offers –Financial incentives to investors for loans that are invested in projects that show a positive impact on the environment –Guarantees to banks

20 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth Objective of the GCTF The objective of the GCTF is to promote long-term investments in cleaner production technology with a positive impact on the environment and to contribute to the sustainable development of Vietnam

21 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth Modalities of Green Credits 1. Green Credits will be provided by local financial institutions 2. Green Credits will range between US $ 25,000 and US $ 1 million 3. Green Credits have a maximum maturity of 5 years 4. The interest rate will be market based

22 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth Modalities of the GCTF SECO will provide up to US $ 5 million for the GCTF –To reimburse the borrower part of the investment costs after the succesfull installation of the cleaner production technology, if the borrower can demonstrate a reduction of the negative impact on the environment. > 30% environment improvement 15% is reimbursed > 50% environment improvement 25% is reimbursed –To guarantee the local financial institutions 50% of the principal of the green credit

23 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth Role of Financial Institutions The Financial Institutions are responsible for –Negotiating and establishing with the client the loan conditions (term, interest rate, currency, grace period, etc.) –Undertaking the credit risk evaluation of the transaction –Administrating the loan –Identifying new clients and promoting the green credit line By offering green credits the Financial Institutions –Can become leaders in sustainable finance in Vietnam –Increase their client base by offering a different and new product

24 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth Role of the Cleaner Production Centre (CPC) 1. The CPC will be the partner for a first advisory service and a Cleaner Production Assessment (CPA) to potential clients of the GCTF. A CPA is a condition to obtain a loan 2. The CPC will play role of the administrative coordinator, it will exchange information on clients and other relevant issues with the Financial Institutions, SECO and the Trust Fund Administrator 3. The CPC will advise the Financial Institutions on the environmental and financial impact of cleaner production technology 4. The CPC has a role in identifying potential deals among its client base, to offer them the green credit line

25 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth 2. The CPC makes an environmental assessment 4. If conditions are fulfilled the Trust Fund can guarantee 50% of the credit to the bank 6. Based on the measurement results the Trust Fund through the bank reimburses partially the investment 3. The bank gives the company a Green Creditif all conditions are fulfilled 1. The company requests a Green Credit 5. The CPC verifies the environmental improvement at the enterprise and reports the result to the bank and the Trust Fund

26 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth Ongoing Projects 1. GCTF Colombia since 2003 US $ 7 million 2. GCTF Peru since 2004 US $ 5 million

27 UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION Reducing poverty through sustainable industrial growth Thank you for your attention Dr. Heinz Leuenberger Director Energy and Cleaner Production Branch United Nations Industrial Development Organization P.O. Box 300 A-1400 Vienna, Austria Tel: Fax:


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