Presentation on theme: "Compact city policies: a workable spatial development model in a changing urban context? Tadashi MATSUMOTO Regional Policy for Sustainable Development."— Presentation transcript:
Compact city policies: a workable spatial development model in a changing urban context? Tadashi MATSUMOTO Regional Policy for Sustainable Development Division, OECD Presentation at the Open Days University October 12, 2011, Brussels
Introduction Changing urban context – Continued urbanisation – Global environmental challenges – Energy price – Economic crisis – Demographic changes Green Growth: how to realize economic growth while addressing environmental concerns Workable urban development model?
Objectives 1.understand the concept and todays urban contexts for compact city 2.understand potential outcomes, particularly in terms of green growth 3.develop indicators 4.examine and assess current practices 5.present key policy design and governance strategies
Case studies Melbourne, Vancouver, Paris, Toyama and Portland All regions explicitly set their compact city goals, but with different urban contexts – Population trend: growing/shrinking – Population size: large/small-medium – Geography Some have long policy history, some dont
Policy assessment: key results Packaging complimentary policies – Counteract traffic congestion – Ensure housing affordability – High-quality urban design / public realm investment – Encourage green buildings Reflecting local context Diversifying policy instruments – use of price machanism coupled with regulations
Strategies with diverse instruments
Improving metropolitan governance A region-wide, integrated, long-term vision A clear articulation of the roles and responsibilities of all key actors and stakeholders Vertical and horizontal coordination – networked governance arrangements Accountability, transparency and reporting
Case study: Toyama, Japan Population: 0.4 million (City), 1.1 million (prefecture) Reached the peak in 2005 and expected to decrease by 20% by 2040 Ageing: by 2035, one out of three are expected to be over 65
Urban expansion trend in Toyama Population changes in Toyama City (past 30 years)
Challenge in public service delivery Administrative cost in low- density urban areas Estimated average costs per resident Relationship curve for population density and maintenance/update fees required for per resident Benefits and costs are balanced about 40 persons/ha. Source: "Toyama City Compact Urban Development Investigative Research Report"
Access to service is linked with density Distance to the nearest medical facilities Source: Kaido and Kwon (2008)
Compact City model in Toyama Yatsuo Osawano Hosoiri Oyama Shinjo Minamitoyama Iwase Kureha Mizuhashi Fuchu Toyama Yamada Railway/streetcar/bus service Railway service Bus service Wide-area hub Local hub Legend Renovation of public transportation to reduce auto- dependency Incentives to concentrate activities in the target areas