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Cities and Green Growth OECD Green Cities Programme Regions for Economic Change Conference 24 June 2011 | Brussels Marissa Plouin OECD.

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Presentation on theme: "Cities and Green Growth OECD Green Cities Programme Regions for Economic Change Conference 24 June 2011 | Brussels Marissa Plouin OECD."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cities and Green Growth OECD Green Cities Programme Regions for Economic Change Conference 24 June 2011 | Brussels Marissa Plouin OECD

2 The logic of city scale action Economic role of cities Negative externalities Contribution to climate change Vulnerability to climate change impacts Opportunities for synergies Correlation between per capita CO2 emissions in transport and density in predominantly urban areas

3 2010 Urban Roundtable of Mayors and Ministers Roundtable responded to a call for an evaluation of urban green growth policies to determine best practices, concluding: Urban green growth policies can contribute to national competitiveness outcomes Strategies are requiring significant up-front investments and long-term financial mechanisms Need to bridge gap between national and urban approaches to green growth Indicators are needed to measure their impact

4 OECD Green Cities Programme Development of urban green growth indicators Thematic working papers and reports Case studies to assess policy impacts on green growth Technical workshops and political meetings A synthesis report on Cities and Green Growth

5 The conceptual framework | Part I What do we mean by green growth? Definitions and desirable scenarios

6 Defining green growth Green growth means fostering economic growth and development while ensuring that the quality and quantity of natural assets can continue to provide the resources and ecosystem services on which our well-being relies. To do this, it must catalyze investment, competition and innovation which will underpin sustained growth and give rise to new economic opportunities. OECD Green Growth Strategy, 2011

7 Green growth and sustainable development

8 Scenario 1 – No Impact Scenario 2 – Green Sectoral Growth Scenario 3 – Economic Greening Scenario 4 – Multi-Sectoral Growth Scenario 5 – Displacement Scenario 6 – Economic Stagnation/De-Growth Alternative green growth scenarios

9 The conceptual framework | Part II A proposal for a policy framework

10 A policy framework for an urban green growth agenda Pro-growth policies Greening challenges and opportunities Policy levers Policy jurisdiction Goals & values Socio-technical resources

11 A policy framework for an urban green growth agenda

12 Green growth policy synergies: example of transport and mobility Greening opportunities Pro-growth policies Human capital policies Infrastructure and investment policies Innovation policies Mobility policies Impact on jobs Impact on demand for green goods Impact on urban attractiveness

13 The conceptual framework | Part III Challenges to advancing an urban green growth agenda

14 Limits to the urban green growth agenda Risk of a zero-sum game among cities? Some urban economies may grow a great deal while other could shrink. Cities are not equal: baseline variables Resource EnvironmentPolicy and Economic Environment Natural resource base Climate/geographic conditions Technology/infrastructure Urban form/built environment Policy competency Level of engagement Industrial/economic base Other economic factors

15 Gaps in multi-level governance Administrative gapGeographical mismatch between the green growth challenge or opportunity and the administrative boundaries. Policy gapSectoral fragmentation of policy tasks and powers across ministries and public agencies within the central government administration as well as among different departments within sub-national government administrations. Information gapAsymmetry of information across ministries, between levels of government and across local actors involved in specific policy areas. Capacity gapInsufficient scientific and technical expertise, know-how and infrastructure to design and implement policy. Funding (or fiscal) gapInsufficient or unstable revenues to implement policy across ministries and levels of government. Objective gapDiverging or contradictory objectives between levels of government or departments/ministries that compromise the adoption of convergent targets over the long run. Accountability gapLack of transparency in policymaking, integrity and institutional quality issues. Market gapMisalignment between policymaking goals or ambitions and the ability of private sector stakeholders to deliver these goals.

16 Measuring and monitoring green growth Methodological challenges of developing green growth indicators, particularly at the sub-national level Builds on OECD efforts to develop metrics that go beyond GDP to measure societal well-being (Measuring Progress) and assess green growth (OECD Green Growth Strategy) Currently expanding the Metropolitan Database to include four classes of environmental indicators: – residential density and sprawl – land use and change in land cover – transport use and travel time – urban emissions and air quality

17 Financing green growth Fees and charges – Transportation – Development – Energy Local cap-and-trade Carbon offsets Public-private partnerships

18 National policies and frameworks matter National pricing signals, e.g. carbon taxes National targets and incentives Greening urban finance Technical assistance and knowledge sharing

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