3 Implementing the Leipzig Charter Principles / RecommendationsMaking greater use of integrated urban development policy approachesThat special attention is paid to deprived neighbourhoods within the context of the city as a wholeAmong key related issues… need for 4 types of cooperation:Transversal (across sectoral departments)Vertical (multilevel)Horizontal: multi-territorial (between cities, urban/rural, metropolitan)Horizontal: multi-actors (involving citizens and all actors concerned)
4 Strategies for action / integrated urban development policy approaches Creating and ensuring high quality public spacesreference to Baukultur needed for the whole cityModernizing infrastructure networksImproving energy efficiencyProactive innovation and education policies
5 Strategies for action / focus on deprived neighbourhoods Pursuing strategies for upgrading the physical environment Reference to healthy, suitable and affordable housingStrengthening the local and social economy and local labour market policy / citizen-friendly servicesProactive education and training policies for children and young peoplePromotion of efficient and affordable urban transport … to better integrate these neighbourhoods into the city and the region as a whole
6 Sub-themes and issuesA sustainable city should be complex in terms of functionsA sustainable city should be socially cohesivePromote the relevant use of information and communication technologies (ICT) in different fieldsImprove the technical infrastructure (e.g. for water supply, waste-water treatment, waste management)Foster the economic use of natural resourcesExploit the city’s knowledge potential, inter alia, social and intercultural dialogue & social and democratic participation
8 Territorial Cohesion is in the Lisbon Treaty What is it about?ensuring harmonious, sustainable and polycentric developmentenabling citizens and enterprisesto make the most of the inherent features of different territoriesto benefit from and contribute to European integration + the Single Marketwherever they happen to live or operate--> 4 Key areas for fostering Territorial Cohesion
9 1. Cooperation between territories Integrated strategies in cross-border regions and macro-regions: cities are concerned!Possible optionsCooperation in strategic policy documentsBetter coordination across borders, within multi-level governanceEGTC, e.g. for cross border agglomerationsFocus on external dimensionInterregional cooperation:Linking network activities to mainstream in OPs ("Regions for Economic Change" approach)Enhancing networking on territorial and urban issues
10 2. Territorial programming Necessity to increase supportfor integrated local development initiatives in diverse contexts (urban, rural, urban-rural …)at the appropriate geographical level, preferably functional areas (e.g.: metropolitan)Possible optionsMandatory territorial dimension in NSRFs and OPsProviding greater flexibility in designing programmes (multi regional)Improving the partnership approach - direct involvement of local authorities
11 3. Coordination of policies with territorial impact Need for horizontal coordination at each level; vertical coordination between levelsPossible options:Greater territorial dimension in the EU2020 StrategyImproved coordination of funds; describing coordination procedures in EU Strategic Guidelines and National Strategic Reference FrameworksTerritorial and urban monitoring within the strategic follow-upIntegrated methodological framework to analyse territorial impacts (ESPON, Territorial Agenda)
12 4. Evidence-based policy making Ability to measure diverse assets as well as constraints of territoriesNeed to go below NUTS 2Possible options:Encouraging use of existing data and analysis: Urban Audit, Urban Atlas, ESPONRefined data sets and new territorial indicators, in close cooperation with national Statistical Offices.
14 The Europe 2020 StrategyThree interlocking and mutually reinforcing priority areas:Smart growth, developing an economy based on knowledge and innovation;Sustainable growth, promoting a low-carbon, resource-efficient and competitive economy;Inclusive growth, fostering a high-employment economy delivering social and territorial cohesion
15 Five EU-level targetsProgress to be measured against EU targets, to be translated into national targets by Member States:75% of the population aged should be employed3% of the EU's GDP should be invested in R&DThe "20/20/20" climate/energy targets should be metThe share of early school leavers should be <10% (currently 15%) and at least 40% of the younger generation should have a tertiary degree (currently 31%; US 40% and Japan 50%)20 million people less at risk of poverty
16 A series of flagship initiatives (1) Innovation union - re-focussing R&D and innovation policy on major challengesYouth on the move - enhancing the quality and international attractiveness of Europe's higher education system by promoting student and young professional mobility.A digital agenda for Europe. All Europeans should have access to high speed internet by 2013.
17 A series of flagship initiatives (2) An agenda for new skills and jobs – creating the conditions for modernising labour markets, with a view to raising employment levels and ensuring the sustainability of our social modelsEuropean platform against poverty - ensuring economic, social and territorial cohesion by helping the poor and socially excluded and enabling them to play an active part in society.Resource-efficient Europe - supporting the shift towards a resource efficient and low-carbon economy (2020 targets). An industrial policy for green growth
19 Foster / Achieve / Use / Implement Smarter, more sustainable and socially inclusive urban developmentCommon understanding of the integrated approachThe strategic potential of integrated urban regenerationReference Framework for Sustainable CitiesStrengthening the urban dimension of cohesion policyGreater coherence between territorial and urban issuesBetter coordination of urban research and exchangeSustainable urban development at all levelsAddress climate change and demographic change as major urban challenges.
20 The Ministers welcomed … “Considering the most important challenges that European cities will face in the future,The Ministers welcomed the European Commission’s initiative for a reflection process on the challenges and models for the cities of tomorrow.The Ministers also supported Hungary’s initiative, to open a topic-based discussion on two of the major challenges that Europe’s cities will face in the future: climate change […] and the impact of demographic changes.”
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