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EUROPEAN UNION BATTLEGROUPS

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Presentation on theme: "EUROPEAN UNION BATTLEGROUPS"— Presentation transcript:

1 EUROPEAN UNION BATTLEGROUPS lech.drab@msz.gov.pl laurent.paccaud@consilium.europa.eu

2 SECTIONS 1.Historical Elements 2.Battlegroup General Composition 3.Battlegroup Requirements - Capabilities 4.Battlegroup Coordination Conference (BGCC) 5. Battlegroup Roster 6. Battlegroups strucures 7.SK tasks, role and composition

3 HISTORICAL ELEMENTS THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL ( Helsinki 1999) The European Council has agreed……. cooperating voluntarily in EU-led operations, Member States must be able, by 2003, to deploy within 60 days and sustain for at least 1 year military forces of up to 50,000-60,000 persons capable of the full range of Petersberg tasks;.. and within this to provide smaller rapid response elements available and deployable at very high readiness

4 HISTORICAL ELEMENTS... we should be able to provide a smaller rapid response element of immediate reaction forces at very high readiness, particularly of entry and other enabling forces; the scale and the nature of such forces will depend on the particular circumstances of an operation THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL ( Helsinki 1999) EU DEFENSE MINISTERS ( Sintra 2000)

5 HISTORICAL ELEMENTS … at complementing the Headline Goal with a precise definition and subsequent identification of modalities for EU rapid response elements THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL ( Helsinki 1999) EU DEFENSE MINISTERS ( Sintra 2000) GAERC (2003-2004)

6 HISTORICAL ELEMENTS EUMC (2004) EU Battlegroup Concept Revision in 2006 THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL ( Helsinki 1999) EU DEFENSE MINISTERS ( Sintra 2000) GAERC (2003-2004)

7 BGs GENERAL COMPOSITION 1.Full Operational Capability (FOC) since 1 st Jan 2007 2.The minimum force package capable for stand-alone operations 3.Battalion sized 4.Based on multinationality (FW Nation, coalition of MS and/or MS with Third States) 5.Associated with (F)HQ and strategic enablers

8 BGs GENERAL COMPOSITION Tailored to the Operation INFANTRY BATTALION - HQ - HQ Company - 3 X Infantry Company - Fire Support - Reconnaissance - Staff Support COMBAT SUPPORT Among others : - Fire Support - Engineer - Air Defense - Reconnaissance - CIS - Electronic Warfare - Intelligence - Information Operations - Helicopter Support - Forward Air Control - Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear Defense COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT Among others : - Logistic Support - Medical Support - Geographical Support - CIMIC - Military Police Choice of capabilities. Depending on the characteristics of the operation

9 OPERATIONAL AND STRATEGIC ENABLERS AIR - Strategic Airlift - Tactical Airlift - Close Air Support - APOD - Helicopter Support SEA - Strategic Sealift - Carrier Based Air - SPOD LOGISTICS - Combat Service support - Maintenance - Medical Combat Support OTHER - Special Forces Choice of capabilities. Depending on the characteristics of the operation BGs GENERAL COMPOSITION Tailored to the Operation

10 BGs GENERAL COMPOSITION Tailored to the Operation

11 BGs REQUIREMENTS - CAPABILITIES 1.Size, composition, number of BGs after analyzing the possible EU-led Military Operation 2.5 - 10 days readiness 3.Around 1500 troops 4.Sustainable for 30 days extendable to 120 if re-supplied 5.2 concurrent operations, subsequently 2 BGs 6.Training - Preparation - Certification up to MS 7.6000 km from Brussels

12 Tasks (according the Treaty of the EU) Humanitarian and rescue tasks Peace-keeping tasks Tasks of combat forces in crisis management, including peacemaking Tasks (according the European Security Strategy) Joint Disarmament Operations Support for Third Countries on Combating Terrorism Security Sector Reform as part of broader institution building BGs REQUIREMENTS - CAPABILITIES

13 ScenarioPotential missions Separation of parties by force Securing key areas Conflict preventionPreventive deployment Stabilisation, reconstruction and military advice to third countries Initial entry point Evacuation operations in a non-permissive environment Non-Combatant evacuation Assistance to humanitarian operations Disaster relief and assistance to migratory movements to safe areas

14 BG COORDINATION CONFERENCE (BGCC) 1.Twice a year in Brussels 2.To confirm the roster at BGCC 3.Supported by Questionnaire 4.Open to MS and Third States 5.Voluntary contribution to the BG Packages 6.Filling the roster

15 BG COORDINATION CONFERENCE (BGCC) OFFERS AND COMMITMENTS – 22 APR 2010 SEMESTERMS (&TS)BG POCPreferred OHQ 2010 -1 PL, DE, LV, LT, SKPLDE UK, NLUK 2010 - 2 IT, RO, TRIT ES, FR, PTESFR 2011 - 1 NL, DE, FI, AT, LTNLDE SE, FI, NO, EE, IESEUK 2011 - 2 EL, BG, RO, CY, UAEL PT, ES, FR, ITPTFR 2012 - 1 FR, BE, LUFR Vacant 2012 - 2 IT, SI, HUIT DE, AT, CZ, HR, FYROM, IEDE 2013 - 1 PL, DE, FRPL Vacant 2013 - 2 UK, SEUK Vacant 2014 - 1 EL, BG, RO, CYEL (tbc) Vacant 2014 - 2 BE, NL, DE, LU, ESBE ES, ITES 2015 - 1 Vacant Detailed commitments BG-package commitments Initial offers

16

17 (+) Medevac MP CIMIC PSYOPS A/C mn TBC EOD mn LOG (-) LOG ISTAR (-) SPODAPOD (-) FHQ CORE BG BG COMPOSITION CS MEDCSS LOG TF 3185 296 734663 434 976

18 POLAD FCdr DFCdr COS DCOS OPSDCOS SPT CJ2CJ3CJ5CJ9CJEngr/NBC CJ1CJ4CJ6CJ8CJMed MED LEGAD PIO LNO ALO INFO Security MP Special Command & Staff Advisors (F)HQ ORGANISATION CE=180 MP

19 BG composition (org chart)

20 CAPABILITIES. EUBG II STRUCTURE 2010 PO NSE FR NSE 40 Troops AIR COMPONENT JFACC 2400 TOTAL INFANTRY RECCE AIR DEFENCE ARTILLERY HQ UNITSIGNALSUPPORTENG (FORCE) HQ NRDC-SP ARTILLERY ISTARNBC TACP HELMP PSYOPS INTEL SIGNAL ENG NBC ADA TASK FORCE HQ STRATEGIC ENABLERS RSOM CIMIC SP NSE ROLE 2E

21 EU BG ORGANIZATION CHART 2500 Troops FHQ COMBAT SUPPORT LOG UNITS MEDICAL SUPPORT BG

22 FCdr DFCdr COS INT OPS CIMIC PERS LOG CIS BUD&FIN MEDICAL GENDER PUBLIC INFORMATIONS MILITARY POLICE Special Command & Staff Advisors (F)HQ ORGANIZATION POLITICAL LEGAL RELIGIOUS OPS SPT

23 BGs 6000 Km Brussels

24 Special Committee - Athena Two main tasks: 1)Financing limited to certain common costs and a budget, Member States contributions based on GNI key 2)Pre-financing of « Nation Borne Costs », managed in common but billed to States based on their consumption Role: a budget committee Approves:Approves: the budgets the budgets deviations from procurement rules for high amountsdeviations from procurement rules for high amounts the final destination of assets at the end of each operationthe final destination of assets at the end of each operation the accountsthe accounts the Financial Rulesthe Financial Rules May extend common costs for a given operationMay extend common costs for a given operationComposition – Member States contributing to the financing of each operation – The Commission attends without taking part in votes –Contributing Third States may attend without voting

25 ATHENA Initial training : –ATHENA quarterly seminar –On request Advise & liaison –Budget implementation –NBCs & cash flow management –Liaison with existing framework operators Movement multinational coordination center Europe (MMCCE) Economat des armées (EDA / Pantin – FR) Same common costs for HQs (including BG) –Recce (Preparatory phase) –Running (Active phase) + costs for force as a whole Difficulty : collecting the BG needs Athena & BG :

26 ATHENA By the end of 2011, unless the Council agrees to extend it, For EU Member States, When providing strategic airlift for BGs short notice deployment in accordance with the BG concept, Financing in common of incremental costs, Council will determine the flat rates applicable to the payment or reimbursement of these costs. BG strategic deployment :

27 ATHENA Difficulty : collecting the BG needs : –Stand by period –Launching of the operation –During the operation –Re-deployment BG points of contact needed ATHENA POC : laurent.paccaud@consilium.europa.eu athena.mechanism@consilium.europa.eu Athena & BG :

28 Questions ?


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