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Disaster Risk Reduction General concepts Vlatko Jovanovski,MDMa Protection and Rescue Directorate ul.Vasko Karangeleski 8, 1000 Skopje

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Presentation on theme: "Disaster Risk Reduction General concepts Vlatko Jovanovski,MDMa Protection and Rescue Directorate ul.Vasko Karangeleski 8, 1000 Skopje"— Presentation transcript:

1 Disaster Risk Reduction General concepts Vlatko Jovanovski,MDMa Protection and Rescue Directorate ul.Vasko Karangeleski 8, 1000 Skopje

2 Content Disaster risk reduction – Evolution – Core elements DRR challenges – Climate change – Urbanization – Information management Conclusion

3 DRR a moving agenda International Decade on Natural Disaster Reduction Yokohama Strategy – World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction - Kobe Global Platform for DRR 2007

4 Hyogo Framework for Action Make DRR national priority; Identification, assessment and monitoring of disaster risks; Using knowledge and innovation for DRR; Reducing underlying factors and Strengthening preparedness capacities.

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6 DRR definition The conceptual framework of elements considered with the possibilities to minimize vulnerabilities and disaster risks throughout a society, to avoid (prevention) or to limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse impacts of hazards, within the broad context of sustainable development. Source UNISDR,2009

7 Disasters as social constructions Pakistan floods, 2010 Haiti earthquake, 2010 Hurricane Katrina, 2005Great East Japan earthquake,2010

8 Iceland volcanic erruption,2010

9 Disaster Management (DM) Disaster Risk Reduction Resp Rec. Risk Assessment PreventionMitigation Preparedness Risk Analysis Risk Eval. Conceptual framework for DM Sustainable development

10 Another Risk Model

11 Concept of Risk Risk(R) HAZARD(H) VULNERABILITY(V) DISASTER Modified from C.Wamsler, Lund Univerisity 2012

12 Risk Assessment Answers the questions: – What can happen? – How likely is that to happen? – What will the consequences be? Challenges – Risk perception – Time – Agent – Multi-hazard

13 Risk assessment products

14 Risk assessment outcomes Source:I.Davis,2012

15 Challenges Urbanization – More than half of the worlds current population lives in cities – By the year 2015 there are expected to be 60 megacities in the world, each with a population of 10 million or more people – High concentrations of resources and people within cities also mean that the economic social, and environmental costs of extreme events are high in urban areas,

16 Challenges Climate change – increase the frequency and magnitude of many types of extreme events, including floods, droughts, tropical cyclones and wildfires – change the nature of many types of hazards – may lead to relocation within and between countries

17 Challenges Digital era – Number of cell phone users is bigger than the total world population – Use of social media in disaster management

18 The difficulty in securing and maintaining resources for disaster risk reduction is that if it is successful, nothing happens and nobody knows about it John Tomblin,1988


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