Presentation on theme: "Towards post-2015 Disaster Risk Reduction Framework GEO Ministerial Summit, side event: “Natural Disaster Mitigation and Earth Observations: a GEOSS perspective”"— Presentation transcript:
Towards post-2015 Disaster Risk Reduction Framework GEO Ministerial Summit, side event: “Natural Disaster Mitigation and Earth Observations: a GEOSS perspective” Pedro Basabe, Dr. ès Sc. Senior Programme Officer
Content: 1.Vision and Statistics. 2.Disaster Risk Reduction agenda. 3.Towards a post-2015 DRR Framework.
“Disaster risk reduction is essential to sustainable development. It helps save and preserve the achievements of our development efforts. It helps mitigate the destructive effects of natural disasters on physical materials, as well as social and economic infrastructures.” H.E. Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, President of the Republic of Indonesia, addressing the 5th Asian Ministerial Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction in Yogyakarta, 23 October 2012 I
Disaster events are on the rise I
Increase of exposure of people and economic assets to natural hazards Floods in Bangkok Photo: digphoto.org I
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) main functions Coordinate : International efforts disaster risk reduction and provide guidance for the implementation of the HFA and monitor its implementation (Global, Regional and National Platforms) Advocate : for a culture of “resilience” and greater investment in DRR actions to protect people’s lives and assets (multi-sectoral approach: CC, education, gender, SDGs. Campaign: Making Cities Resilient, Safe Schools and Hospitals, Sasakawa Award International Day for Disaster Reduction Living with disabilities and disasters. Inform: Provide evidences: Global Assessment Report (GAR), HFA Report, Terminology, PreventionWeb. Where: Geneva Hqs, Regional Offices in Africa, Americas, Arab States, Asia and Pacific and Europe. I II
Hyogo Framework for Action : Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters (HFA) 2 nd World Conference on Disaster Reduction, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, Jan HFA Overall Objective: ”..to substantially reduce disaster losses, in lives, social, economic and environmental assets…” HFA 3 Strategic goals: The integration of DRR into sustainable development policies and planning. The development and strengthening of institutions, mechanisms and capacities to build resilience to hazards. The systematic incorporation of risk reduction approaches into the implementation of emergency preparedness, response and recovery programmes. HFA 5 Priorities of Action: From policies, programmes, risk identification, knowledge preparedness. Multi-hazard, multi-sectoral and holistic approach. Implementation at regional, national and city levels. I
Five priorities for action 1.Governance: 2.Risk identification and EWs: iii) k): Support the improvement of scientific and technical methods and capacities for risk assessment, monitoring and EW, through research, partnerships, training and technical capacity-building. Promote the application of in-situ and space-based earth observations, space technologies, remote sensing, GIS, hazard modelling and prediction… for risk assessment and EW. 3.Knowledge, education and culture of resilience: i) d) Promote the use, application and affordability of recent information, communication and space-based technologies and related services, as well as earth observations, to support DRR, particularly for training, sharing and dissemination… 4.Reducing the underlying risk factors 5.Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response HFA and space-based earth observations II
Ex: National Disaster Inventories DesInventar Inventories record and analyse the occurrence and effects of natural disasters Disaggregated information is provided in tabular and graphical form (maps and charts) National data are available on-line II
Regional Ex: CAPRA - Risk Modelling Seismic hazard of Latin America 2010, Return Period 1,000 years (CAPRA: CRISIS 2007) CAPRA and DESINVENTAR are Free, Open Source Tools II
Third World Conference on DRR Towards a Post-2015 Framework for DRR UN General Assembly Resolution 67/209 (Dec 2012) decided to convene the UN third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction to: Review the implementation of the HFA over its 10-year term. Adopt a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction. UNISDR was requested to serve as the secretariat of the World Conference and facilitate the development of a post-2015 framework for DRR, and to coordinate the preparatory activities in consultation with all relevant stakeholders. Save the Date: March, 2015 in Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. III
Groups participating in HFA2 consultations PUBLIC SECTOR National governments Inter-governmental organizations Parliamentarians Local governments Mayors OTHER PARTNERS Private Sector Academic, Scientific and Technical Communities NGOs and Civil Society Organizations Self-organizing communities Women’s groups Children Persons with disabilities Elderly IV
Proposed Elements for consideration in the Posr-2015 Framework for DRR (by the SRSG M. Wahlstrom) Mortality at least for weather-related hazards has decreased, but economic loss and damage due to disasters continues to increase, in particular due to massive increase in hazard exposure. To better consider underlying risk drivers and apply policies into practices. Opportunity to synchronise and harmonise Post-2015 DRR Framework with Sustainable Development Agenda and Mitigation/adaptation to CC. Expected Outcomes of the WCDRR-3 (Sendai, March 2015): 1.The post-2015 framework for DRR with defined targets and indicators, enhanced monitoring system and period review process. 2.The voluntary commitments of stakeholders ex: EO community. 3.Political Declaration. III
V Thank you for your attention We look forward for further collaboration to build the resilience of nations and communities to disasters.