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 Bacterial can be cured  Viral can NOT be cured  But symptoms can be alleviated.

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Presentation on theme: " Bacterial can be cured  Viral can NOT be cured  But symptoms can be alleviated."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Bacterial can be cured  Viral can NOT be cured  But symptoms can be alleviated

3  Chlamydia  Gonorrhea  Syphilis  Trichomoniasis **Easily spread-condoms offer good protection**

4  Human Papillomavirus- HPV  Hepatitis B  Herpes  HIV/AIDS **Easily Spread-Condoms offer good protection**

5  3 million Americans infected each year  Infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra, eye, or throat.  Often has no symptoms (3 out of 4 women and Half of men have no symptoms)  Common symptoms include: abdominal pain, abnormal discharge, burning while urinating, swelling of vagina or testicles, painful intercourse.

6  Spread  Vaginal and anal intercourse (rarely oral sex)  Complications include  Infertility and Sterility  Woman can pass it to baby (pink eye or pneumonia)  Treatment- Antibiotics **

7  Abstain from intercourse until treated.  Get retested 3 months later.  Take all the prescribed medicine. Even if the symptoms go away, the infection may still be in your body until treatment is complete.  Make sure your partner(s) is/are treated at the same time so you don't give gonorrhea to each other again.  Do not share your medicine with anyone.  Consult your health care provider if you have symptoms after treatment.

8  600,000 Americans each year  Infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra or throat.  Often has no symptoms (4 of 5 women and 1 of 10 men no symptoms)  Common symptoms include: abdominal pain, abnormal discharge, burning while urinating, swelling of vagina or testicles, painful intercourse.

9  Spread  Vaginal and anal intercourse, oral sex  Complications include  Infertility, premature birth, pelvic inflammatory disease, skin sores  Woman can pass it to baby  Treatment- Antibiotics **

10  36,000 Americans each year  Infect vagina, anus, urethra, penis, lips and mouth.  Treatment available in early stages  3 Stages Primary Stage- Sores appear (chancre) appear in 3 weeks-90 days. Last for 3-6 weeks without treatment. May appear on penis, vagina, cervix, or mouth. Secondary Stage- 3-6 weeks after primary stage. Body rashes on hands or feet, swollen glands, hair loss. Can come and go for 2 years. Late Stage years later. Paralysis, dementia. Damage internal organs including brain, nerves, and bones. Can result in death

11  Spread  Vaginal and anal intercourse, oral sex  Complications include  Late stage complications  Treatment- Antibiotics **

12  8 million Americans infected each year  Often No symptoms  Common symptoms include: abdominal pain, abnormal discharge, burning while urinating, swelling of vagina or testicles, painful intercourse.

13  Spread  Vaginal intercourse  Complications  Can last for years without treatment  Can be passed from mother to baby  Treatment  Antibiotics  1 in 5 people in contract it again within 3 months

14  Half of all men and 3 out of 4 women have HPV at some point in their lives  Some strands can be prevented  Most infections have no harmful effect  Low risk- genital warts  High risk-lead to cervical cancer  Most infections go away in 8-13 months. Some do not go away.  No symptoms-Woman go for PAP test

15  Spread  Skin to Skin contact, vaginal or anal intercourse, anal sex  Complications  Low or high risk strands  Treatment  No Treatment  HPV vaccine

16  46,000 Americans each year  Many states require vaccine for school children.  Hepatitis A- Infected fecal matter ingested  Hepatitis C- Blood  When symptoms occur 6 weeks-6 months after infected  (early) abdominal pain, fatigue, nausea, fever  (late) severe abdominal pain, jaundice

17  Spread  Exchange of semen, vaginal fluids, blood, urine  Complications  No cure, but more people recover in 4-8 weeks  1 out of 20 infected will be a carrier  Can be fatal due to liver damage

18  8 of 10 American adults have oral herpes  1 of 4 American adults have genital herpes  Symptoms flare up every few months, last for 1-2 weeks  (oral) cold sores in mouth  (genital) blisters, sores, painful intercourse, burn when urinate

19  Spread  Touching, kissing, vaginal or anal intercourse, oral sex Most contagious when sores are open  Complications  No medical complications  Treatment  No cure  Medications help manage infection

20  980,000 cases reported, 40,000 each year  HIV has few or no symptoms for years, may develop into AIDS  Symptoms of HIV  Swollen glands, fever, headache, fatigue, muscle aches  Symptoms of AIDS  Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease and other infections, unexplained dizziness, shortness of breath, skin rashes, discolored lesions on skin, decreased mental abilities

21  Spread  Blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk  Complications  HIV may to lead to AIDS  AIDS does not kill people, an infection that someone with AIDS gets may be fatal  Treatment  No Cure  Medication available to strengthen immune system


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