Human Papillomavirus- HPV Hepatitis B Herpes HIV/AIDS **Easily Spread-Condoms offer good protection**
3 million Americans infected each year Infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra, eye, or throat. Often has no symptoms (3 out of 4 women and Half of men have no symptoms) Common symptoms include: abdominal pain, abnormal discharge, burning while urinating, swelling of vagina or testicles, painful intercourse.
Spread Vaginal and anal intercourse (rarely oral sex) Complications include Infertility and Sterility Woman can pass it to baby (pink eye or pneumonia) Treatment- Antibiotics **
Abstain from intercourse until treated. Get retested 3 months later. Take all the prescribed medicine. Even if the symptoms go away, the infection may still be in your body until treatment is complete. Make sure your partner(s) is/are treated at the same time so you don't give gonorrhea to each other again. Do not share your medicine with anyone. Consult your health care provider if you have symptoms after treatment.
600,000 Americans each year Infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra or throat. Often has no symptoms (4 of 5 women and 1 of 10 men no symptoms) Common symptoms include: abdominal pain, abnormal discharge, burning while urinating, swelling of vagina or testicles, painful intercourse.
Spread Vaginal and anal intercourse, oral sex Complications include Infertility, premature birth, pelvic inflammatory disease, skin sores Woman can pass it to baby Treatment- Antibiotics **
36,000 Americans each year Infect vagina, anus, urethra, penis, lips and mouth. Treatment available in early stages 3 Stages Primary Stage- Sores appear (chancre) appear in 3 weeks-90 days. Last for 3-6 weeks without treatment. May appear on penis, vagina, cervix, or mouth. Secondary Stage- 3-6 weeks after primary stage. Body rashes on hands or feet, swollen glands, hair loss. Can come and go for 2 years. Late Stage years later. Paralysis, dementia. Damage internal organs including brain, nerves, and bones. Can result in death
Spread Vaginal and anal intercourse, oral sex Complications include Late stage complications Treatment- Antibiotics **
8 million Americans infected each year Often No symptoms Common symptoms include: abdominal pain, abnormal discharge, burning while urinating, swelling of vagina or testicles, painful intercourse.
Spread Vaginal intercourse Complications Can last for years without treatment Can be passed from mother to baby Treatment Antibiotics 1 in 5 people in contract it again within 3 months
Half of all men and 3 out of 4 women have HPV at some point in their lives Some strands can be prevented Most infections have no harmful effect Low risk- genital warts High risk-lead to cervical cancer Most infections go away in 8-13 months. Some do not go away. No symptoms-Woman go for PAP test
Spread Skin to Skin contact, vaginal or anal intercourse, anal sex Complications Low or high risk strands Treatment No Treatment HPV vaccine
46,000 Americans each year Many states require vaccine for school children. Hepatitis A- Infected fecal matter ingested Hepatitis C- Blood When symptoms occur 6 weeks-6 months after infected (early) abdominal pain, fatigue, nausea, fever (late) severe abdominal pain, jaundice
Spread Exchange of semen, vaginal fluids, blood, urine Complications No cure, but more people recover in 4-8 weeks 1 out of 20 infected will be a carrier Can be fatal due to liver damage
8 of 10 American adults have oral herpes 1 of 4 American adults have genital herpes Symptoms flare up every few months, last for 1-2 weeks (oral) cold sores in mouth (genital) blisters, sores, painful intercourse, burn when urinate
Spread Touching, kissing, vaginal or anal intercourse, oral sex Most contagious when sores are open Complications No medical complications Treatment No cure Medications help manage infection
980,000 cases reported, 40,000 each year HIV has few or no symptoms for years, may develop into AIDS Symptoms of HIV Swollen glands, fever, headache, fatigue, muscle aches Symptoms of AIDS Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease and other infections, unexplained dizziness, shortness of breath, skin rashes, discolored lesions on skin, decreased mental abilities
Spread Blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk Complications HIV may to lead to AIDS AIDS does not kill people, an infection that someone with AIDS gets may be fatal Treatment No Cure Medication available to strengthen immune system