2Bacterial vs Viral Bacterial can be cured Viral can NOT be cured But symptoms can be alleviated
3Bacterial Chlamydia Gonorrhea Syphilis Trichomoniasis **Easily spread-condoms offer good protection**
4Viral Human Papillomavirus- HPV Hepatitis B Herpes HIV/AIDS **Easily Spread-Condoms offer good protection**
5Chlamydia 3 million Americans infected each year Infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra, eye, or throat.Often has no symptoms (3 out of 4 women and Half of men have no symptoms)Common symptoms include: abdominal pain, abnormal discharge, burning while urinating, swelling of vagina or testicles, painful intercourse.
6Chlamydia Spread Complications include Treatment- Antibiotics ** Vaginal and anal intercourse (rarely oral sex)Complications includeInfertility and SterilityWoman can pass it to baby (pink eye or pneumonia)Treatment- Antibiotics **
7Antibiotic Treatment ** Abstain from intercourse until treated.Get retested 3 months later.Take all the prescribed medicine. Even if the symptoms go away, the infection may still be in your body until treatment is complete.Make sure your partner(s) is/are treated at the same time so you don't give gonorrhea to each other again.Do not share your medicine with anyone.Consult your health care provider if you have symptoms after treatment.
8Gonorrhea 600,000 Americans each year Infect the penis, vagina, cervix, anus, urethra or throat.Often has no symptoms (4 of 5 women and 1 of 10 men no symptoms)Common symptoms include: abdominal pain, abnormal discharge, burning while urinating, swelling of vagina or testicles, painful intercourse.
9Gonorrhea Spread Complications include Treatment- Antibiotics ** Vaginal and anal intercourse, oral sexComplications includeInfertility , premature birth, pelvic inflammatory disease, skin soresWoman can pass it to babyTreatment- Antibiotics **
10Syphilis 36,000 Americans each year Infect vagina, anus, urethra, penis, lips and mouth.Treatment available in early stages3 StagesPrimary Stage- Sores appear (chancre) appear in 3 weeks-90 days. Last for 3-6 weeks without treatment. May appear on penis, vagina, cervix, or mouth.Secondary Stage- 3-6 weeks after primary stage. Body rashes on hands or feet, swollen glands, hair loss. Can come and go for 2 years.Late Stage years later. Paralysis, dementia. Damage internal organs including brain, nerves, and bones. Can result in death
11Syphilis Spread Complications include Treatment- Antibiotics ** Vaginal and anal intercourse, oral sexComplications includeLate stage complicationsTreatment- Antibiotics **
12Trichomonaisis 8 million Americans infected each year Often No symptomsCommon symptoms include: abdominal pain, abnormal discharge, burning while urinating, swelling of vagina or testicles, painful intercourse.
13Trichomonaisis Spread Complications Treatment Vaginal intercourse Can last for years without treatmentCan be passed from mother to babyTreatmentAntibiotics1 in 5 people in contract it again within 3 months
14Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Half of all men and 3 out of 4 women have HPV at some point in their livesSome strands can be preventedMost infections have no harmful effectLow risk- genital wartsHigh risk-lead to cervical cancerMost infections go away in 8-13 months. Some do not go away.No symptoms-Woman go for PAP test
15HPV Spread Complications Treatment Skin to Skin contact, vaginal or anal intercourse, anal sexComplicationsLow or high risk strandsTreatmentNo TreatmentHPV vaccine
16Hepatitis B 46,000 Americans each year Many states require vaccine for school children.Hepatitis A- Infected fecal matter ingestedHepatitis C- BloodWhen symptoms occur 6 weeks-6 months after infected(early) abdominal pain, fatigue, nausea, fever(late) severe abdominal pain, jaundice
17Hepatitis B Spread Complications Exchange of semen, vaginal fluids, blood, urineComplicationsNo cure, but more people recover in 4-8 weeks1 out of 20 infected will be a carrierCan be fatal due to liver damage
18Herpes 8 of 10 American adults have oral herpes 1 of 4 American adults have genital herpesSymptoms flare up every few months, last for 1-2 weeks(oral) cold sores in mouth(genital) blisters, sores, painful intercourse, burn when urinate
19Herpes Spread Complications Treatment Touching, kissing, vaginal or anal intercourse, oral sexMost contagious when sores are openComplicationsNo medical complicationsTreatmentNo cureMedications help manage infection
20HIV/AIDS 980,000 cases reported, 40,000 each year HIV has few or no symptoms for years, may develop into AIDSSymptoms of HIVSwollen glands, fever, headache, fatigue, muscle achesSymptoms of AIDSChronic pelvic inflammatory disease and other infections, unexplained dizziness, shortness of breath, skin rashes, discolored lesions on skin, decreased mental abilities
21HIV/AIDS Spread Complications Treatment Blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milkComplicationsHIV may to lead to AIDSAIDS does not kill people, an infection that someone with AIDS gets may be fatalTreatmentNo CureMedication available to strengthen immune system