4Treaty of Paris No Russian or Ottoman naval forces on the Black Sea.All the major powers agreed to respect the political integrity of the Ottoman Empire.
5The Second Republic (1848-1852) Louis Napoleon –(in exile for attempting to overthrow Louis Philippe) - nephew of Napoleon BonaparteBrought to power by the (MC) Middle Class that feared radicalism – OR his connection, historically to his uncle – “Longing for the ‘good old days’?”
6Program for France- Napoleonic Ideas & Elimination of Poverty (Louis) Napoleon IIIProgram for France-Napoleonic Ideas &Elimination of Poverty
7The Second Empire ( )Parliament – The National Assembly(NA) – stirred up class conflict to block Louis Napoleon’s reformsThe NA was aligned with the Catholic Church to thwart “radical reform”Louis Napoleon Dismisses the NA December 1851 – illegally under the 2nd Republic’s Const., conspires with the army to seize power – declares himself “President for 10 years” – “Emperor for Life”
82nd Empire Cont’dEconomy – new investments in Banks, RR’s – construction, public works projects, the rebuilding of ParisEmployment ^(up), Wages ^(up) – workers give right to form unions and to strike for better wages and conditions.Regulated credit unions (NOT like American ones) and pawn shops to prevent them from taking advantage of the working poor.* Political - Encouraged the election of a new National Assembly that better represented ALL Frenchmen. And supported the creation of opposition political parties to run against his candidates and HIMSELF when he was up for the re-election as President.By the 1860’s advocated greater Liberal Reform – gave the NA more power.1864 – participated in placing Maximilian I an Austrian/Hapsburg Archduke as Emperor of Mexico – failed (Monroe Doctrine?) and Max was executed in 1867 along with Emprs. CarlottaOverwhelmingly Re-elected President and Emperor for Life
9War, Siege, and the Commune (1870-1871) The Loss to Prussia meant the end of the 2nd Empire and a gap before the 3rd RepublicMore later…..
16A French cartoon entitled Entrée du Charlemagne moderne à Paris, depicting the German chancellor Bismarck, with Kaiser Wilhelm of Germany riding a pig (Napoleon) down the Champs Elysées in Paris, France.
17Liberal Paris vs. the Conservative Provinces Radicals, military personnel, students, revolutionaries..Lived off of Zoo animals and supplies brought in by air balloonEnded with the brutal attack by the French Regular Army
25The Third Republic (1871-1940) Conservative – Middle Class/Bourgeoisie Gustave Caillebotte's Paris Street; Rainy Day is an oil on canvas (83-1/2 x 108-3/4 inches), which is owned by The Art Institute of Chicago.The Third Republic ( )Conservative – Middle Class/BourgeoisieGustave Caillebotte's The Pont Du Europe
29The Third Republic cont’d A long period of stability – 1871 – 1940with conservative valuesFree compulsory education – secular - for boys and girls with emphasize on nationalism.Employment of married teachers to model family life – and encourage increased birth rateThe Dreyfus affair will destroy the church’s influence in France on politics and education.
30Alfred DreyfusThe church,Conservatives, theMilitary, and theHouse of EsterhazyConspire to convict Dreyfus…real guilty party – Esterhazy.