Presentation on theme: "1.2 Glossary Aesthetic Pertaining to a sense of beauty or to aesthetics. Agriculture The broad industry engaged in the production of plants and animals."— Presentation transcript:
1.2 Glossary Aesthetic Pertaining to a sense of beauty or to aesthetics. Agriculture The broad industry engaged in the production of plants and animals for food and fiber, the provisions of agricultural supplies and services, and the processing, marketing, and distribution of agricultural products.
1.2 Glossary Agronomy The specialization of agriculture concerned with the theory and practice of field-crop production and soil management. The scientific management of land. Arboriculture Cultivation of woody plants, particularly those used for decoration and shade.
1.2 Glossary Biofuel Broadly defined as solid, liquid, or gas fuel derived from recently dead biological material. Botany The science of plants.
1.2 Glossary Cereal Any grass grown for its edible grain. Crop Any product of the soil. In a narrow sense, the product of a harvest obtained by labor, as distinguished from natural production or wild growth.
1.2 Glossary Cultivation The planting, tending, harvesting, and improving of plants. Fiber Crop Crop grown for its fiber, as cotton and flax. Floriculture The cultivation of plants for their flowers.
1.2 Glossary Food Anything which when taken into the body, nourishes the tissues and supplies body heat. Forage Crops Those plants or parts of plants that are used for feed before maturing or developing seeds (field crops). The most common forage crops are pasture grasses and legumes.
1.2 Glossary Forestry The sciences, arts, and business practices of crating, conserving, and managing natural resources on lands designated as forests. Fruit Botanically, the matured ovary of a flower and its contents including any external part that is an integral portion of it.
1.2 Glossary Grass Nonwoody plants with hollow low jointed stems sheathed by narrow leaves, petalless flowers, and fruit resembling grain: includes bamboo, sugar cane, numerous grasses of lawn, field, and pasture, and the plants used as cereal crops.
1.2 Glossary Horticulture The science of agriculture that relates to the cultivation of gardens or orchards, including the growing of vegetables, fruits, flowers, and ornamental shrubs and trees. Landscape To beautify terrain as with plantings of trees, shrubs, and flowering herbs; with ornamental features, such as terraces, rock gardens, bog gardens, pools, walks, drives, etc.
1.2 Glossary Legumes A family of plants, including many valuable food and forage species, such as peas, beans, soybeans, peanuts, clovers, and alfalfa. With aid of symbiotic bacteria, they can convert nitrogen from the air to build up nitrogen in the soil. Medicinal Pertaining to, or having the properties of a medicine.
1.2 Glossary Nursery Any place where plants, shrubs, and trees are grown either for transplanting or as grafting stocks. Oil Seed Crop Any crop grown primarily for its oil content, such as soybeans, peanuts, cottonseed, and linseed (flaxseed).
1.2 Glossary Orchard A grove of fruit or nut trees. Plant An organism distinguished from the animals in that it takes nutrients entirely in liquid solution, rather than in solid form. Seed The embryo of a plant; also kernels of corn, wheat, etc., which botanically are seedlike fruits as they include the ovary wall.
1.2 Glossary Vegetables The edible part of an herbaceous plant. Vegetation Any group or association of plants; the sum of vegetable life; plants in general.