Presentation on theme: "Exploring A Wonderful Industry!"— Presentation transcript:
1Exploring A Wonderful Industry! HorticultureExploring A Wonderful Industry!
2Please Write the Following Objectives in Your Notes Packet By the end of this unit I will be able to:Define horticulture and describe its relationship to science and technologyIdentify the three major segments of the horticulture industryIdentify and define activities included in the ornamental horticulture industry
4What is Horticulture?Horticulture is the culture of plants for food, comfort, and beautification purposesIn Latin, the term horticulture means “garden culture”However, advancements in horticulture science and technology have helped the field of horticulture become more than just garden culture
5How Does Horticulture Relate to Science and Technology? The field of science that deals with the cultivation of horticultural plants is known as horticulture scienceBotany is the study of plants and their processesWhat are some plant processes that you are familiar with?Objective 1In the question “What are some plant processes that you are familiar with?”, you might get responses such as “Photosynthesis, respiration, transpiration”. Use this as a lead-in to other topics later on in the course.
6How Does Horticulture Relate to Science and Technology? As in other areas of agriculture, technology has found its way into horticultureHorticulture technology is the application of science to horticultureSuccessfully raising plants takes more than just a daily wateringTime, patience, and an understanding of the scientific processes of plants is needed to grow beautiful plants and flowers
7How Does Horticulture Relate to Science and Technology? The horticulture industry is the combination of scientific, technological, and production activities that insure the satisfaction of the consumerScience + Technology + Production = THE HORTICULTURE INDUSTRY
8The Three Major Segments of the Horticulture Industry The growth and use of plants for their beauty is the area of horticulture known as ornamental horticultureOrnamental horticulture involves the production and use of flowering and foliage plants used both indoors and out.Objective 2
9The Three Major Segments of the Horticulture Industry The area of horticulture that involves the production of vegetable food crops is olericultureOlericulture includes the planting, harvesting, storing, processing, and marketing of vegetable cropsSweet corn, tomatoes, and lettuce are examples of vegetable cropsObjective 2
10The Three Major Segments of the Horticulture Industry Another food crop production area of horticulture is pomologyPomology is the planting, harvesting, storing, processing, and marketing of fruit and nut cropsExamples of fruit and nut crops include peaches, strawberries, and walnutsObjective 2
11Different Segments of the Ornamental Horticulture Industry Ornamental horticulture, which is one of the three segments of the horticulture industry, can itself be broken down into two categoriesThese are floriculture and landscape horticultureBoth involve the use of flowering and foliage plantsFoliage plants are those used for their colorful greenery or leaves
12Different Segments of the Ornamental Horticulture Industry Floriculture is the area of horticulture associated with cut flowers, potted plants, and annual bedding plantsProducing, transporting, and using flowering and foliage plants is known as floriculture
13Different Segments of the Ornamental Horticulture Industry Before plants are placed in the landscape, they are grown and cared for in a nurseryA nursery is a place which specializes in starting plants, shrubs, and ornamental trees which can later be transplanted to landscape areasThe production and use of plants to beautify the environment is landscape horticultureLandscape horticulture also includes designing landscaping plans and landscape maintenance