Presentation on theme: "Presented by MAJ Patti Glen"— Presentation transcript:
1Presented by MAJ Patti Glen HORSE NUTRITIONPresented by MAJ Patti Glen
2PASTURE MANAGEMENTRotational grazingManure managementMowingSoil testing and fertilizingReseeding
3CHOOSING HIGH QUALITY HAY Characteristics to look for in choosing high quality hay include:High leaf to stem ratio (indicates less mature plants)Small diameter stems (less mature plants)Fresh smell and appearanceCleanlinessColor (faded, yellow or brown color may indicate aged hay or poor storage conditions)Few seed head or blooms (less mature plants)
4MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Do not feed free-choice Feed at regular times (at least twice daily) with three daily feedings preferred, when feeding rates exceed 1% of body weight.Any feed changes should be made gradually over a period of 7 to 10 days.Changes in the rate of feeding should not exceed one pound per day for each horse.Feed according to the recommended amounts shown.
5PRACTICE MANAGEMENTFeed along with at least 1-1.5% of horse’s body weight of good quality hay or the equivalent in pasture to make a complete rationHave plenty of fresh, clean water available at all times.Prevent the rapid eating by the horse of any feed stuffs.
6PRACTICE MANAGEMENTStore feed in a dry, well ventilated area protected from rodents and insects.Do not feed moldy or insect-infested feed to animals as it may cause illness or death.In addition to nutritional care and consultation, be sure to make regular veterinary checkups and farrier appointments part of the horse wellness program.Maintain an effective control program for internal parasites.
7PRACTICE MANAGEMENTReduce and/or delay feeding a horse which is hot, excited or showing pain, fever or diarrhea.Let horses eat in a natural position from troughs with large bottoms, placed at normal head height or lower.
8WINTER FEEDINGIn the winter, the amount fed may need to be increased about 10-15% to offset increased body heat losses.
9FEEDING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES Feed at the same time every day.Avoid sudden changes.Changes in types of feed should be made gradually (4-7 days for small changes, up to three weeks for radical changes).
11FEEDING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES Feed adequate roughage.Horses require at least 1-1.5% of their body weight per day of roughage in their diets.
12FEEDING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES Use only top quality feeds.Avoid dust and mold, and keep the feed manger clean.Proper feed storage reduces feed waste.Horses' digestive systems are not equipped to deal with dust, mold, etc., so poor quality hay or grain will not be digested efficiently, and may cause health problems for the horse.
13FEEDING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES Properly manage group-fed horses.The only way to ensure that each individual meets its nutritional requirements is to feed separately.Practice parasite control measures.
14FEEDING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES Keep an eye on horses' droppings.Changes in consistency, color, odor or composition of feces may indicate a digestive disorder.Practice routine veterinary maintenanceIn order for a horse to get the most out of its nutrition program, it must be in good health.Regular vaccinations, deworming, etc. are all essential elements of a good overall wellness program for the horse.