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HORSE NUTRITION Presented by MAJ Patti Glen. PASTURE MANAGEMENT Rotational grazing Rotational grazing Manure management Manure management Mowing Mowing.

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Presentation on theme: "HORSE NUTRITION Presented by MAJ Patti Glen. PASTURE MANAGEMENT Rotational grazing Rotational grazing Manure management Manure management Mowing Mowing."— Presentation transcript:

1 HORSE NUTRITION Presented by MAJ Patti Glen

2 PASTURE MANAGEMENT Rotational grazing Rotational grazing Manure management Manure management Mowing Mowing Soil testing and fertilizing Soil testing and fertilizing Reseeding Reseeding

3 CHOOSING HIGH QUALITY HAY Characteristics to look for in choosing high quality hay include: Characteristics to look for in choosing high quality hay include: High leaf to stem ratio (indicates less mature plants) High leaf to stem ratio (indicates less mature plants) Small diameter stems (less mature plants) Small diameter stems (less mature plants) Fresh smell and appearance Fresh smell and appearance Cleanliness Cleanliness Color (faded, yellow or brown color may indicate aged hay or poor storage conditions) Color (faded, yellow or brown color may indicate aged hay or poor storage conditions) Few seed head or blooms (less mature plants) Few seed head or blooms (less mature plants)

4 MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Do not feed free-choice Do not feed free-choice Feed at regular times (at least twice daily) with three daily feedings preferred, when feeding rates exceed 1% of body weight. Feed at regular times (at least twice daily) with three daily feedings preferred, when feeding rates exceed 1% of body weight. Any feed changes should be made gradually over a period of 7 to 10 days. Any feed changes should be made gradually over a period of 7 to 10 days. Changes in the rate of feeding should not exceed one pound per day for each horse. Changes in the rate of feeding should not exceed one pound per day for each horse. Feed according to the recommended amounts shown. Feed according to the recommended amounts shown.

5 PRACTICE MANAGEMENT Feed along with at least 1-1.5% of horses body weight of good quality hay or the equivalent in pasture to make a complete ration Feed along with at least 1-1.5% of horses body weight of good quality hay or the equivalent in pasture to make a complete ration Have plenty of fresh, clean water available at all times. Have plenty of fresh, clean water available at all times. Prevent the rapid eating by the horse of any feed stuffs. Prevent the rapid eating by the horse of any feed stuffs.

6 PRACTICE MANAGEMENT Store feed in a dry, well ventilated area protected from rodents and insects. Store feed in a dry, well ventilated area protected from rodents and insects. Do not feed moldy or insect-infested feed to animals as it may cause illness or death. Do not feed moldy or insect-infested feed to animals as it may cause illness or death. In addition to nutritional care and consultation, be sure to make regular veterinary checkups and farrier appointments part of the horse wellness program. In addition to nutritional care and consultation, be sure to make regular veterinary checkups and farrier appointments part of the horse wellness program. Maintain an effective control program for internal parasites. Maintain an effective control program for internal parasites.

7 PRACTICE MANAGEMENT Reduce and/or delay feeding a horse which is hot, excited or showing pain, fever or diarrhea. Reduce and/or delay feeding a horse which is hot, excited or showing pain, fever or diarrhea. Let horses eat in a natural position from troughs with large bottoms, placed at normal head height or lower. Let horses eat in a natural position from troughs with large bottoms, placed at normal head height or lower.

8 WINTER FEEDING In the winter, the amount fed may need to be increased about 10-15% to offset increased body heat losses. In the winter, the amount fed may need to be increased about 10-15% to offset increased body heat losses.

9 FEEDING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES Feed at the same time every day. Feed at the same time every day. Avoid sudden changes. Avoid sudden changes. –Changes in types of feed should be made gradually (4-7 days for small changes, up to three weeks for radical changes).

10 FEEDING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES Provide clean, fresh water. Provide clean, fresh water. Exercise horses regularly. Exercise horses regularly. Check teeth regularly. Check teeth regularly.

11 FEEDING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES Feed adequate roughage. Feed adequate roughage. –Horses require at least 1-1.5% of their body weight per day of roughage in their diets.

12 FEEDING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES Use only top quality feeds. Use only top quality feeds. –Avoid dust and mold, and keep the feed manger clean. –Proper feed storage reduces feed waste. –Horses' digestive systems are not equipped to deal with dust, mold, etc., so poor quality hay or grain will not be digested efficiently, and may cause health problems for the horse.

13 FEEDING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES Properly manage group-fed horses. Properly manage group-fed horses. –The only way to ensure that each individual meets its nutritional requirements is to feed separately. Practice parasite control measures. Practice parasite control measures.

14 FEEDING MANAGEMENT GUIDELINES Keep an eye on horses' droppings. Keep an eye on horses' droppings. –Changes in consistency, color, odor or composition of feces may indicate a digestive disorder. Practice routine veterinary maintenance Practice routine veterinary maintenance –In order for a horse to get the most out of its nutrition program, it must be in good health. –Regular vaccinations, deworming, etc. are all essential elements of a good overall wellness program for the horse.

15 REFERENCES

16 QUESTIONS?


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