Presentation on theme: "The 8 Parts of Speech. NOUNS Nouns name persons, places, things, or concepts – pilot – house – toy – happiness Proper name specific persons, places things,"— Presentation transcript:
NOUNS Nouns name persons, places, things, or concepts – pilot – house – toy – happiness Proper name specific persons, places things, or concepts – Bill – Iowa – Supreme Court – Buddhism Collective nouns name groups – Team – Flock – Jury
Practice: Complete the sentences below with the correct types of noun. 1.Emily brought the _______ with her to school. (Noun) 2.Jose hopes to visit _________ one day. (Proper Noun) 3.I saw a _______ on television today. (Collective Noun)
VERBS Verbs move the meaning of a sentence by: – Showing action (run, gaze, understand) – Showing occurrence (become, happen) – Showing a state of being (be, seem) **Auxiliary verbs (helping verbs) combine with other verbs to create verb phrases o Include forms of be, do, and have o Also include can, could, may, must, shall, should, will, and would
Practice: Complete the sentences below with the correct types of verb. 1.I ________ to the event. (Verb that shows action) 2.The party ________ last weekend. (Verb that shows occurrence) 3.She _______ very happy. (Verb that shows being) 4.I _______ do my homework tonight. (Auxiliary)
PRONOUNS Pronouns function as nouns in sentences and often take the place of nouns. – Personal Pronouns: refer to specific persons or things. I, you, he, she, it, we, they – Indefinite Pronouns: Do not refer to specific nouns All, some, any, none, somebody, anything – Possessive Pronouns: indicate ownership. My, mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs, etc. The noun that a pronoun refers to or replaces is called an antecedent. – Tom said he wasn’t at the part.
Practice: Complete the sentences below with the correct types of pronoun. 1.________ likes peanut butter a lot. (Personal) 2.________of you may want to listen. (Indefinite) 3._______ house is amazing! (Possessive)
ADJECTIVES Adjective modify (limit the meaning of) nouns and pronouns, usually by: – Describing (The red Corvette ran off the slippery road.) – Identifying (That Corvette is totaled.) – Quantifying (We saw many more Corvettes that day.) – Articles are also considered modifiers (the, a, an)
Practice: Complete the sentences below with the correct types of adjective. 1.That was a very ________ baby. (Describing) 2.______ day will forever by remembered as the day I ran over the mailbox. 3.I have seen _______ aliens in my lifetime.
ADVERBS Adverbs modify: – Verbs: I recently lost my job. – Adjectives: It was an extremely confusing movie. – Other adverbs: They very nearly captured the flag.
Practice: Complete the sentences below with the correct types of adverb. 1.I __________ hate alfalfa sprouts. (modifies verbs) 2.What a _________ adorable house that is! (modifies adjectives) 3.She __________ positively vexes me! (modifies adverbs)
PREPOSITIONS Structural words that express relationships in: – Space (down, up, over) – Time (before, after, until) – Other senses (against, except)
Practice: Complete the sentences below with a preposition. 1.When searching for your keys, you should always look _______ the couch. 2.I like to workout _________ I eat a good meal. 3.Don’t run ________ me!
CONJUNCTIONS Conjunctions connect words or groups of words to each other. Let’s start with one… 1.Coordinating Conjunctions-Join equal structures (and, but, or, yet, nor for, so) FANBOYS! EX: The boys ate two pies, and they loved both.
Practice: Complete the sentences below with a coordinating conjunction. 1.I went to the movies _____ I went to the mall. 2.A huge ________ docile dog approached us.
INTERJECTIONS Interjections express surprise or emotion: oh, ouch, ah, hey, yes, hurray, etc.
Practice: Complete the sentences below with an interjection. 1.______! I aced my quiz. 2.______! It’s a leprechaun.
PRACTICE MADLIBS The _______ was preparing for his dive into the noun-person _______. Before he jumped _______ the boat, noun-place preposition he always _________ his wife. ____ was always action verb Personal pronoun very _______about his diving, ______ she will be adjective conjunction ________ happy the day he ____________. Adverb action verb