Presentation on theme: "The Parts of Speech and Sentence Formulas"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Parts of Speech and Sentence Formulas The most basic of reviews for your test-taking pleasure!!
2 Nouns A noun is a person, place, thing, or idea. They can be common (book, desk), proper (John, Florida), collective (family, pack), or compound (middle school, doorknob).Additional examples: movie, dog, pizza, house, Falcon Cove Middle School, Declaration of Independence, Publix, Hollister, class, group, band, doghouse, left- handedSee pages in grammar text.Nouns
3 Sentence Formula: NP, app., predicate. You can vary your sentence structure by inserting an appositive within a sentence. An appositive describes or identifies a noun or a pronoun.Example: Mrs. Dilling, our language arts teacher, is reviewing the parts of speech with us.Sentence Formula: NP, app., predicate.
4 A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun. Each pronoun has an antecedent (the noun for which the pronoun stands).Pronouns can be personal (I, you, they, he, it), demonstrative (this, that, these, those), interrogative (which, whose, whom, what, who), or indefinite (all, some, none, many, few)See pages in grammar text.Pronouns
5 Interjections are exclamations that express feelings or emotions. Examples include: oh, wow, hey, uh, well, ughSee pages in grammar text.Interjections
6 Verbs are words that name actions or describe states of being Verbs are words that name actions or describe states of being. They tell what is happening in a sentence.Verbs can be action (run, swim, talk, sleep), linking (am, is, are, was, were, feel, appear, look, seem), or helping (am running, was eating, may have felt, could be grown).See pages in grammar text.Verbs
7 Adjectives are words that describe Adjectives are words that describe. They modify or change a noun or pronoun to make it more specific.Articles (a, an, the) are considered adjectives.Adjectives can sometimes also be nouns (shoe salesperson), proper (Florida wetlands), compound (well-known actress), pronouns (this bird, your property, Mrs. Dilling’s class, which dog)See pages in grammar text.Adjectives
8 Adverbs modify or describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs Adverbs modify or describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They answer questions such as where (travel everywhere), when (swims often), in what way (speaks well), to what extent (really surprised), etc.See pages in grammar text.Adverbs
9 Sentence Formula: Adv., s. You can vary your sentence structure by beginning a sentence with an adverb followed by a sentence.Example: Unbelievably, every student forgot they had a grammar test this week.Sentence Formula: Adv., s.
10 Conjunctions Conjunctions connect words or groups of words together. Coordinating conjunctions connect similar words or groups of words. They can be represented by the acronym FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so).Correlative conjunctions are pairs of words that connect similar kinds or groups of words together (both…and, neither…nor, not only…but also, either…or, whether…or).See pages in grammar text.Conjunctions
11 Sentence Formula: S, conj., s. You can vary your sentence structure by joining two sentences together with a conjunction to make one longer sentence. The two shorter sentences you are combining must relate in some way.Example: My favorite food of all time is chocolate, and I love bittersweet chocolate cake the best.Sentence Formula: S, conj., s.
12 Prepositions show relationships between words in a sentence Prepositions show relationships between words in a sentence. They relate a noun or pronoun following it to another word in the sentence.Prepositions always are a part of prepositional phrases, which contain the preposition and the object of the preposition.Examples of prepositions include above, beneath, between, near, under, within, up, toward.Examples of prepositional phrases include under the desk, beneath the tree, within the school.See pages in grammar text.Prepositions
13 Sentence Formula: Prep. phrase, s. You can vary your sentence structure by beginning a sentence with a prepositional phrase.Example: Before I leave my house, I always make sure to turn off all the lights.Sentence Formula: Prep. phrase, s.