5 A word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement VERBSA word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement“be” verbs&tastefeelsoundlookappearbecomeseemgrowremainstayActionSubjectLinkingpredicate
6 Every sentence must have VERBaNote: this is the simple predicate of a sentence
7 KINDS of VERBS Action verbs express mental or physical action. Linking verbs make a statement by connecting the subject with a word that describes or explains it.He rode the horse to victory.He has been sick.
8 KINDS of VERBS PRESENT PAST FUTURE Helping verbs help the action verb show the tense (time) the action occurred.PRESENTPASTI am running. (present)I was running. (past)I will be running. (future)FUTURE
9 PRONOUNS The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea.Indefinite Pronounsanybodyeacheithernonesomeone, one, etc.Demonstrative PronounsthisthatthesethosePersonal PronounsI, me, mineyou, your, yoursshe, her, hers,we,us, our, oursit, itsthey, them, their,theirsmyselfyourselfInterrogative Pronounswhowhomwhatwhichwhose
10 PRONOUNS Examples: This is certainly fun. Several have turned in their homework.My book was left at his house.Joe and she are going on a date.Please come with Tammy and me to the game.You need to bring it with you.The word the pronoun replaces is called the antecedent. It should (but may not) be established before you use a pronoun.
11 ADJECTIVES Which? What kind? How many? Answers these questions: Modifies or describes anoun or pronoun.Answers these questions:Did you lose your addressbook?Which?Is that a wool sweater?What kind?Just give me five minutes.How many?
12 Answers the questions: ADVERBSModifies or describesa verb.Answers the questions:How?He ran quickly.When?She left yesterday.We went there.Where?
13 We call these intensifiers. ADVERBSOr… it describes an adjective or another adverbIt was too hot!He ran very quickly.It is so nice.To what degree or how much?We call these intensifiers.
14 PREPOSITIONS They received a postcard from Bobby telling A preposition begins a phrase that helps show relationships toanother word in the sentence. The prepositional phrase will endwith a noun or pronoun and will answer some of the samequestions an adjective or adverb does (just in a phrase).They received a postcard from Bobby tellingabout his trip to Canada.
15 The preposition never stands alone! nounComplete theprepositionprepositionpronounobjectYou can press those leaves under glass.prepositioncan have more than one objectHer telegram to Nina and Ralph brought good news.object can have modifiersIt happened during the last examination.
16 Some Common Prepositions aboardaboutaboveacrossafteragainstalongamongaroundatbeforebehindbelowbeneathbesidebetweenbeyondbydownduringexceptforfrominintolikeofoffonoverpastsincethroughthroughouttotowardunderunderneathuntilupuponwithwithinwithout
17 A conjunction is a word that joins words CONJUNCTIONSA conjunction is a word that joins wordsor groups of words.orandneither/noreither/orbut
18 CONJUNCTIONS Neither Johnny nor Mike Two equal wordsover the river and through the woodsTwo equal phrasesI fell over the backpack, and I broke my ankle.Two equal sentencesYou only need a comma if connecting two sentences.
19 INTERJECTIONS an exclamatory word that expresses emotion Goodness! What a cute baby!Wow, look at that sunset!***Use an exclamation point for strong emotion or a comma for mild emotion.