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Chapter 1 Anatomical Terminology. Anatomical Position The human body is standing erect with the face forward and with the upper limbs at the side with.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 Anatomical Terminology. Anatomical Position The human body is standing erect with the face forward and with the upper limbs at the side with."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 1 Anatomical Terminology

2 Anatomical Position The human body is standing erect with the face forward and with the upper limbs at the side with the palms forward

3 Relative Position Terms that are used to describe the location of one body part with respect to another body part

4 Relative Position Superior – The part is above the other part (closer to the head)

5 Relative Position Inferior – The part is below the other part (closer to the feet)

6 Relative Position Anterior (or ventral) – The part is toward the front

7 Relative Position Posterior (or dorsal) – The part is towards the back

8 Relative Position Medial – The part is closer to the mid-line of the body than the other part

9 Relative Position Lateral – The part is closer to the sides (away from the midline) than the other part Ipsilateral – The parts are on the same side Contralateral – The parts are on the opposite sides

10 Relative Position Proximal – The part is closer to the trunk of the body or closer to a specified point of reference than the other part

11 Relative Position Distal – The part is farther from the trunk or point of reference than the other part

12 Relative Position Superficial (or peripheral) – The part is near the surface

13 Relative Position Deep – The part is more internal

14 Body Sections Sections of body cut along various planes

15 Body Sections Sagittal – Cut lengthwise so as to divide the body into right and left portions – Median (midsagittal) Cut passes along the midline and divides the body into equal parts – Parasaggital Cut passes lateral to the midline

16 Body Sections Transverse (or horizontal) – Cut divides the body into superior and inferior portions

17 Body Sections Coronal – Cut divides the body into anterior and posterior sections

18 Body Sections If a cylindrical organ is sectioned… Cross section – Cut across the structure Oblique section – Cut is angular Longitudinal section – Cut is lengthwise

19 Body Regions Terms for division of the abdominal area: – Epigastric region Upper middle portion – Left and right hypochondriac regions On the left and right side of the epigastric region – Umbilical region Central portion – Hypogastric region Lower middle portion – Left and right iliac (or inguinal) regions On the left and right side of the hypogastric region

20 Body Regions Terms for division of the abdominal area: – Right upper quadrant – Right lower quadrant – Left upper quadrant – Left lower quadrant

21 Body Regions Common Terms: – Abdominal Region between the thorax and pelvis – Acromial Point of the shoulder – Antebrachial Forearm – Antecubital Space in front of the elbow – Axillary Armpit

22 Body Regions Common Terms: – Brachial Arm – Buccal Cheek – Carpal Wrist – Celiac Abdomen – Cephalic head

23 Body Regions Common Terms – Cervical Neck – Costal Ribs – Coxal Hip – Crural Leg – Cubital Elbow

24 Body Regions Common Terms – Digital Finger or toe – Dorsum Back – Femoral Thigh – Frontal Forehead – Genital Reproductive organs – Gluteal buttocks

25 Body Regions Common Terms: – Inguinal Depressed area of the abdominal wall near the thigh (groin) – Lumbar Region of the lower back between the ribs and the pelvis – Mammary Breast – Mental Chin – Nasal nose

26 Body Regions Common Terms: – Occipital Lower posterior region of the head – Oral Mouth – Orbital Eye cavity – Otic Ear

27 Body Regions Common Terms: – Palmar Palm of the hand – Patellar Front of the knee – Pectoral Chest – Pedal Foot – Pelvic Pelvis – Perineal Region between the anus and the external reproductive organs (perineum)

28 Body Regions Common Terms – Plantar Sole of the foot – Popliteal Area behind the knee – Sacral Posterior region between the hipbones – Sternal Middle of the thorax, anteriorly – Sural Calf

29 Body Regions Common Terms – Tarsal Instep of the foot – Umbilical Navel – Vertebral Spinal column


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