2 Do NowTry your best to write a sentence for each of the following words. When possible, use anatomical parts in the sentence.- Anterior- Posterior- Superior- Inferior- Dorsal- Ventral-
3 ObjectivesTo explain relative body positions and be able to use them in describing body parts.To identify the 3 types of body planes.To locate the different body regions.
4 “Anatomical Position” Body is standing erectUpper limbs at sidesPalms forward
5 Relative positions 1. Superior: 2. Inferior: “above” Ex: your nose is superior to your mouth2. Inferior:“below”Ex: your mouth is inferior to your nose
6 Relative positions 3. Anterior/ventral: 4. Posterior/dorsal: “in front”Ex: your eyes are anterior to your brain4. Posterior/dorsal:“in back”Ex: the pharynx is posterior to the oral cavity
7 Relative positions 5.Medial: 6. Lateral: Closer to the center of the bodyEx: your nose is medial to your eyes6. Lateral:Farther away from the center of the bodyEx: your ears are lateral to your eyes
8 Relative positions 7. Proximal: 8. Distal: body part that is closer to a point of attachment to the trunk than another body part.Ex: the elbow is proximal to the wrist8. Distal:Body part that is farther from a point of attachment to the trunk than another body part.Ex: the fingers are distal to the wrist
9 Relative positions 9. Superficial: 10. Deep: Near the surface Ex: your epidermis is the most superficial layer of skin. “superficial wound” is on this surface.10. Deep:Describes parts that are more internal than superficial parts.Ex: the dermis is the deep layer of skin. A “deep wound” would be more problematic and possibly require stitches.
10 Other similar terms 11.Cranial: 12.Caudal: 13. Ipsilateral: Toward the skull/head12.Caudal:Toward the tail13. Ipsilateral:on the same side14. Contralateral:on the opposite side
11 Other similar terms 15. Prone: 16. Supine: Lying down facing down (on your stomach)16. Supine:Lying down facing up (on your back)
12 Body sections 1. Saggital 2. Transverse 3. Coronal Divides body into left and right portions lengthwise2. TransverseDivides body into superior and inferior portions3. CoronalDivides body into anterior and posterior portions
13 Guess the Planes: coronal, sagittal, or transverse?
14 Body Sections and Planes Cylindrical ObjectBone or organA) Cross sectionB) Oblique sectionC) Longitudinal section
15 Body regions Terms describing different areas of the body… Fill the terms in on your diagram as we go through them!1. Abdominal- region between thorax and pelvis2. Acromial- point of the shoulder3. Antebrachial- forearm4. Antecubital- space in front of the elbow5. Axillary- armpit6. Brachial- arm7. Buccal- cheek8. Carpal- wrist9. Celiac- abdomen
16 Body regions continued 10. Cephalic- head 11. Cervical- neck 12. Costal- ribs 13. Coxal- hip 14. Crural- leg 15. Cubital- elbow 16. Digital- finger 17. Dorsal- back 18. Femoral- thigh 19. Frontal- forehead 20. Genital- reproductive organs
17 Body regions continued 21. Gluteal- the buttocks 22. Inguinal- groin 23. Lumbar- lower back 24. Mammary- breast 25. Mental- chin 26. Nasal- nose 27. Occipital- lower back of the head 28. Oral- mouth 29. Orbital- eye cavity 30. Otic- ear 31. Palmar- palm of hand 32. Patellar- front of knee 33. Pectoral- chest
18 Body regions continued 34. Pedal- foot 35. Pelvic- pelvis 36. Perineal- region between anus and external reproductive organs. 37. Plantar- sole of foot 38. Popliteal- area behind knee 39. Sacral- posterior region between hip bones 40. Scapular- shoulder blade 41. Sternal- middle of thorax, anteriorly (sternum) 42. Tarsal- instep of foot 43. Umbilical- navel 44. Vertebral- spinal column
19 Body regions continued *The next terms are NOT in your textbook but you are still responsible for them. 45. Hallux- big toe 46. Pollex- thumb 47. Calcaneus- heel bone 48. Sural- calf 49. Fibular (peroneal)- side of lower leg 50. Manual- hand