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Section 1.7 ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY.  Try your best to write a sentence for each of the following words. When possible, use anatomical parts in the sentence.

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Presentation on theme: "Section 1.7 ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY.  Try your best to write a sentence for each of the following words. When possible, use anatomical parts in the sentence."— Presentation transcript:

1 Section 1.7 ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY

2  Try your best to write a sentence for each of the following words. When possible, use anatomical parts in the sentence. - Anterior - Posterior - Superior - Inferior - Dorsal - Ventral - DO NOW

3  To explain relative body positions and be able to use them in describing body parts.  To identify the 3 types of body planes.  To locate the different body regions. OBJECTIVES

4  Body is standing erect  Upper limbs at sides  Palms forward “ANATOMICAL POSITION”

5  1. Superior:  “above”  Ex: your nose is superior to your mouth  2. Inferior:  “below”  Ex: your mouth is inferior to your nose RELATIVE POSITIONS

6  3. Anterior/ventral:  “in front”  Ex: your eyes are anterior to your brain  4. Posterior/dorsal:  “in back”  Ex: the pharynx is posterior to the oral cavity RELATIVE POSITIONS

7  5.Medial:  Closer to the center of the body  Ex: your nose is medial to your eyes  6. Lateral:  Farther away from the center of the body  Ex: your ears are lateral to your eyes RELATIVE POSITIONS

8  7. Proximal:  body part that is closer to a point of attachment to the trunk than another body part.  Ex: the elbow is proximal to the wrist  8. Distal:  Body part that is farther from a point of attachment to the trunk than another body part.  Ex: the fingers are distal to the wrist RELATIVE POSITIONS

9  9. Superficial:  Near the surface  Ex: your epidermis is the most superficial layer of skin. “superficial wound” is on this surface.  10. Deep:  Describes parts that are more internal than superficial parts.  Ex: the dermis is the deep layer of skin. A “deep wound” would be more problematic and possibly require stitches. RELATIVE POSITIONS

10  11.Cranial:  Toward the skull/head  12.Caudal:  Toward the tail  13. Ipsilateral:  on the same side  14. Contralateral:  on the opposite side OTHER SIMILAR TERMS

11  15. Prone:  Lying down facing down (on your stomach)  16. Supine:  Lying down facing up (on your back) OTHER SIMILAR TERMS

12  1. Saggital  Divides body into left and right portions lengthwise  2. Transverse  Divides body into superior and inferior portions  3. Coronal  Divides body into anterior and posterior portions BODY SECTIONS

13 GUESS THE PLANES: CORONAL, SAGITTAL, OR TRANSVERSE?

14 BODY SECTIONS AND PLANES  Cylindrical Object  Bone or organ  A) Cross section  B) Oblique section  C) Longitudinal section

15  Terms describing different areas of the body…  Fill the terms in on your diagram as we go through them! 1. Abdominal- region between thorax and pelvis 2. Acromial- point of the shoulder 3. Antebrachial- forearm 4. Antecubital- space in front of the elbow 5. Axillary- armpit 6. Brachial- arm 7. Buccal- cheek 8. Carpal- wrist 9. Celiac- abdomen BODY REGIONS

16 10. Cephalic- head 11. Cervical- neck 12. Costal- ribs 13. Coxal- hip 14. Crural- leg 15. Cubital- elbow 16. Digital- finger 17. Dorsal- back 18. Femoral- thigh 19. Frontal- forehead 20. Genital- reproductive organs BODY REGIONS CONTINUED

17 21. Gluteal- the buttocks 22. Inguinal- groin 23. Lumbar- lower back 24. Mammary- breast 25. Mental- chin 26. Nasal- nose 27. Occipital- lower back of the head 28. Oral- mouth 29. Orbital- eye cavity 30. Otic- ear 31. Palmar- palm of hand 32. Patellar- front of knee 33. Pectoral- chest BODY REGIONS CONTINUED

18 34. Pedal- foot 35. Pelvic- pelvis 36. Perineal- region between anus and external reproductive organs. 37. Plantar- sole of foot 38. Popliteal- area behind knee 39. Sacral- posterior region between hip bones 40. Scapular- shoulder blade 41. Sternal- middle of thorax, anteriorly (sternum) 42. Tarsal- instep of foot 43. Umbilical- navel 44. Vertebral- spinal column BODY REGIONS CONTINUED

19 *The next terms are NOT in your textbook but you are still responsible for them. 45. Hallux- big toe 46. Pollex- thumb 47. Calcaneus- heel bone 48. Sural- calf 49. Fibular (peroneal)- side of lower leg 50. Manual- hand BODY REGIONS CONTINUED

20 ANTERIOR VIEW (FRONT)

21 POSTERIOR VIEW (BACK)

22  The abdominal region can be separated even further. ABDOMINAL REGION


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