3How to Read a Poem (Six Steps): Read poem aloud.Listen to sounds and rhythm.Sounds of words and rhythm create moods or feelings.How does the rhythm and sounds of the words affect you?Bring prior experience and knowledge to the poem.What images and feelings are familiar to you?What images and feelings are new to you?What is the poem saying?What questions come to mind as you read?Why does the writer include certain words and details?Write them down; look for answers.Put the poem into your own words.How would you sum up the poem in its entirety?Caution: Don’t let it lose its meaning.What images or word pictures are created?How are they created?Let your imagination see the picture in your mind. Imagine the sights, smells, tastes, textures, and sounds.Think about how the poem made you feel.What thoughts were you forced to think about?What does the poem say to you?What wisdom did it lend?
4Day #1 Poetry Terms:Poetry- a type of literature in which words are chosen and arranged to create a certain effect. Poets use a variety of sound devices, imagery, and figurative language to express emotions and ideas.Imagery- descriptive words or phrases that appeal to the five senses (sight, smell, taste, touch, hear) and recreate sensory experiences for the reader.Stanza- grouping of two or more lines in a pattern that is repeated.
5Day #1 Poetry Terms (cont.): Speaker - the voice in the poemSubject - what the poem is aboutTheme - the life lesson of the poemTone - the writer’s attitude toward the subjectDiction - the poet’s choice of words
6Poet #1: John DonneAs youth, wild and young. As adult, sober and Dean of St. Paul’s Cathedral, reputation as greatest preacher of the day.Poetry has irregular rhythms, unusual images and metaphors.Metaphysical poetry – poetry characterized by intellectual displays and concern with philosophical issues.Uses conceits (extended comparisons that link objects and ideas not commonly associated) and paradoxes (images or descriptions that appear self-contradictory but reveal a deeper truth).
7Holy Sonnet 10 – John Donne Death, be not proud, though some have called thee Mighty and dreadful, for thou art not so ; For those, whom thou think'st thou dost overthrow, Die not, poor Death, nor yet canst thou kill me. From rest and sleep, which but thy picture[s] be, Much pleasure, then from thee much more must flow, And soonest our best men with thee do go, Rest of their bones, and soul's delivery. Thou'rt slave to Fate, chance, kings, and desperate men, And dost with poison, war, and sickness dwell, And poppy, or charms can make us sleep as well, And better than thy stroke ; why swell'st thou then ? One short sleep past, we wake eternally, And Death shall be no more ; Death, thou shalt die.
9Day #2 Poetry Terms:Sound Devices - (Sound Effects) the use of words forway they sound.Ex. alliteration, assonance, onomatopoeia, rhyme, and repetition.Alliteration - the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words; appear close together in a poem.Ex. “breeze blew”Assonance - the repetition of vowel sounds in words that do not rhyme; end in different consonant sounds.Ex. “seal and meet”Onomatopoeia - words whose meaning imitate their sound.Ex. “buzz, zoom, bang”
10Day #2 Poetry Terms (cont.): Rhyme - the repetition of same/similar word-ending sounds that appear close together in a poem.End rhyme – rhyme at the end of linesInternal rhyme – rhyme inside a line of poetryEx. “I bring fresh showers to the fields and flowers”Exact rhyme – rhyme that is exactly the sameEx. king, ring, biking, stingSlant rhyme – rhyme that is not exact, but closeEx. again, rainRepetition - the repeating of words, sounds, phrases, or lines for effect.Rhyme Scheme – the pattern of end rhyme in a poem.
11Poet #2: George HerbertInfluenced by John Donne. Uses paradoxes and conceits.Sought obscurity and lived as a parson of a small church.Poems are devotional verse. Lyric poems (poetry with a single subject and single speaker) are devoted to religion.Experimented with format and acrostic poems. Shape reflects content.
12Poet #2 Tasks: Read “Easter Wings” (slide) Answer the following questions:What is the subject of the poem?What is the theme?What does Herbert say about man’s treatment of God’s gifts?What was the punishment for this?How may the speaker renew man’s faults?What does the poem’s shape stress?What is the symbolism in the title?How many stanzas make up the poem?Assign a rhyme scheme to the poem (to the right).Line 9 contains assonance. What two words comprise it?Line 10 contains alliteration. What words comprise it?Find another example of alliteration. In what line does it occur?
13“Easter Wings” - George Herbert Lord, who createdst man in wealth and store, Though foolishly he lost the same, Decaying more and more, Till he became Most poore: With theeOh let me riseAs larks, harmoniously,And sing this day thy victories:Then shall the fall further the flight in me.My tender age in sorrow did beginne:And still with sicknesses and shameThou didst so punish sinne,That I becameMost thinne. With theeLet me combineAnd feel this day thy victorie:For, if I imp my wing on thineAffliction shall advance the flight in me.
15Day #3 Poetry Terms:Figurative Language - language that communicates ideas beyond the ordinary, literal meanings of words. Figures of speech include personification, hyperbole, simile, metaphor, and symbolism.Simile - a comparison between two or more things using a comparative word such as like, as, or than.Metaphor - a comparison between two or more things that does not use a comparative word. Says one thing is another.
16Day #3 Poetry Terms (cont.): Symbolism – words that stand for a greater meaning.Personification – giving human qualities to something nonhuman.Hyperbole - a conscious exaggeration used for effect.Paradox – a statement that appears to be contradictory, but is actually true.
17Poet #3: Ben Jonson Classical scholar and veteran soldier Leader of Neoclassicism (revival of style and attitude of Roman poets & classical literature).Tribe of Ben – Sons of Ben – poets that acted as followers (Herrick and Suckling)1616 – Poet Laureate (poet of the nation)Subtle rival of Shakespeare as a dramatist – wrote tribute to Shakespeare after his deathUsed epigrams in poetry (a short poem with short lines, bouncy rhythms, paradoxical twists, parallel phrases or clauses).
18Poet #3 Tasks: “On My First Son” (p451) CR? 1-5 (p451) “Still to Be Neat” (p453)CR? 1-4 (p453)“Song: To Celia” (p454)CR? 1-4 (p454) and LA? 3, 5, 7 (p455)
19Marvell, Herrick, Suckling Poets 4,5, & 6(Tribe of Ben)
20Day #4 Poetry Terms:Lyric Poetry - short poem that expresses a personal thought or feeling through a single speaker.Meter - the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables; creates rhythm.Irony- the difference between appearance and reality.Speaker’s attitude (tone) – the speaker’s feelings regarding the subject or audience. Consider the word connotations and the image connotations.Carpe diem (theme) – Latin for “seize the day.” Time is fleeting; make the most of life while you can.
21Poets #4-6 (Tribe of Ben): Marvell, Herrick, Suckling Marvell – son of a Puritan minister; follower of Donne and Jonson; satirist and poet.Herrick – served as a chaplain in a parish; wrote religious verse and musical love poems.Suckling – courtier and gentleman; wrote plays and poetry; clever and witty.
22Poet #4-6 Tasks: “To His Coy Mistress” (p461) CR? 1-6 (p462) “To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time” (p463)CR? 1-4 (p463)“Song” (p465)CR? 1-5 (p465)