2 DeformationDeformation is the process by which a rock changes shape
3 Folds in the Geologic Column Folding is the bending of rock layers because of stress in the Earth’s crust.
4 FaultingFaulting is the breakage of rock caused when stress is applied to them. The surface along which the layers slide past each other is called a fault.Normal Faults-when a normal fault moves the hanging wall moves downward relative to the footwall.
5 FaultingReverse Faults- when a reverse fault moved the hanging wall moves up relative to the footwall.