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Deforming the Earth's Crust Chapter 4 Lesson 4 Learning Target: LT#9 I can predict how the Earth’s surface will change at the different types of lithospheric.

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Presentation on theme: "Deforming the Earth's Crust Chapter 4 Lesson 4 Learning Target: LT#9 I can predict how the Earth’s surface will change at the different types of lithospheric."— Presentation transcript:

1 Deforming the Earth's Crust Chapter 4 Lesson 4 Learning Target: LT#9 I can predict how the Earth’s surface will change at the different types of lithospheric plate boundaries.

2 DEFORMATION DEFORMATION IS WHEN THE SHAPE OF THE ROCK IS CHANGED DUE TO STRESS. COMPRESSION: A SQUEEZING STRESS (LIKE AT A CONVERGENT BOUNDARY) TENSION: A STRETCHING STRESS (LIKE AT A DIVERGENT BOUNDARY)

3 FOLDING FOLDING: BENDING DUE TO STRESS ANTICLINE: UPWARD FOLD (ARCH) SYNCLINE: DOWNWARD FOLD (TROUGH) MONOCLINE: FOLD WITH HORIZONTAL ENDS

4 FAULTS FAULT: A BREAK IN ROCK WHERE MOVEMENT OCCURS. NORMAL FAULT: WHEN ROCKS ARE PULLED APART (HANGING WALL DROPS) REVERSE FAULT: WHEN ROCKS ARE PUSHED TOGETHER (HANGING WALL RISES) STRIKE-SLIP FAULT: HORIZONTAL MOVEMENT (LIKE A TRANSFORM BOUNDARY)

5 MOUNTAIN BUILDING FOLDED MOUNTAINS: AT CONVERGENT BOUNDARIES WHERE PLATES COLLIDE. FAULT-BLOCK MOUNTAINS: WHERE NORMAL FAULTS OCCUR. VOLCANIC MOUNTAINS: MAGMA THAT RISES TO THE SURFACE AND ERUPTS.

6 UPLIFT AND SUBSIDENCE UPLIFT: THE RISING OF REGIONS OF THE CRUST TO HIGHER ELEVATIONS. SUBSIDENCE: THE SINKING OF REGIONS OF THE CRUST TO LOWER ELEVATIONS. (HOT ROCK COOLING)

7 EROSION LT#10 I can describe how moving water shapes the surface of the Earth by the process of erosion.

8 WEATHERING, EROSION, AND DEPOSITION WEATHERING: PROCESS IN WHICH WATER, WIND, ICE, AND HEAT BREAK DOWN ROCK. AS WATER FLOWS OVER ROCK, IT CAN ERODE THE ROCK. EROSION: WIND, WATER, ICE, OR GRAVITY TRANSPORTS SOIL AND SEDIMENT FROM ONE LOCATION TO ANOTHER.

9 WEATHERING, EROSION, AND DEPOSITION DEPOSITION: THE PROCESS IN WHICH MATERIAL IS LAID DOWN


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