2 AMERICAN EXPLORERSNapoleon sold Louisiana Purchase to Thomas Jefferson in 1803To learn more, Jefferson sent Capt. Meriwether Lewis and Lt. William Clark to explore the Northern part of the Louisiana TerritoryThey were the first Americans to explore this territoryThey never explored Colorado
5 ZEBULON PIKEIn 1806, Lt. Zebulon Pike set out to investigate southwestern LouisianaBegan looking for the mouth of the Arkansas River & the Red River (thought to be the boundary between Louisiana and Mexico)Came across the large mountain that was later named for himHe failed to climb Pike’s Peak – attempted, but never made it to top
6 PIKETraveled from St. Louis to the Arkansas River to the San Luis Valley, up and down the front range near Colorado Springs, then to South ParkHe became lost and confused, eventually left CO and wandered into Spanish territory where he was captured by Spanish forcesHe was sent to Santa Fe and then to Chihuahua for questioning as a spy (550 miles away)Later returned to the US, rose to the rank of general and was killed in the War of 1812
7 PIKE Considered a SUCCESS Considered a FAILURE Produced the first detailed report and maps of eastern ColoradoValuable records of geography and natural resourcesHe published his records- “The Arkansaw Journal”His journals were popular in both the US and EuropeFirst American (in England) to describe Pike’s Peak, the Royal Gorge, South Park, the San Luis Valley and the Sangre de Christo mountain rangeConsidered a FAILUREFailed to find the source of the Red RiverGot lost and confusedAllowed himself to be capturedNever climbed Pike’s PeakParty suffered many hardshipsEarned the nickname “The Lost Pathfinder”
10 STEPHEN H. LONG War of 1812 halted exploration for sometime In 1820, he was sent out to explore the westSecond American to lead an expedition to ColoradoMajor in US army, math instructor at West PointFollows foothills and rivers-enter on the Platte, south to Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo and followed the Arkansas out of the state19 men were on this expedition including a mapmaker, landscape painter, zoologist, physician, botanist and geologist
11 LONGEven though he provided good geographical evidence, the journey was remembered for inconsequential reasons:Companion Edwin James climbed Pike’s Peak and collected the Blue Columbine-Long called this James’ PeakSpotted Two-Ears Peak (Long’s Peak)Wrote “Great American Desert” across his map- halted settlement in this area for a long time(He later became a RR engineer and invented a new type of RR bridge)
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.