Presentation on theme: "Pelvic Exam Once a woman begins having sex or reaches age 16-18, she should have regular pelvic exams. (Once a year) During the exam, a health care provider."— Presentation transcript:
1 Pelvic ExamOnce a woman begins having sex or reaches age 16-18, she should have regular pelvic exams. (Once a year)During the exam, a health care provider checks the reproductive organs—vulva, vagina, cervix, uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.
2 A pelvic exam is done to: Check the health of the reproductive organsPrescribe and/or fit birth control devicesCheck for vaginal infections or STDsDetermine pregnancy or miscarriageScreen for cervical cancer, which can be treated and cured if found early
3 Before the examTell your health care provider the reason for your visitYou will be asked about your periodYou will be asked about your medical historyYou will get ready for the exam, undress and put on a gown
4 The Actual ExamThe pelvic exam is simple. There are 3 or 4 steps. You will lie down on a table. The table has stirrups for your feet. You will spread your knees and legs open so your genital area is easier to see.Try to relax. The more relaxed you are, the more comfortable the exam will be.
5 External ExamFirst, your vulva or outside sex organs are checked for any growths or rashes. Be sure to say if you’ve noticed anything unusual.
6 Speculum ExamA speculum is a metal or plastic tool used to gently spread the vagina so your cervix can be seen. This shouldn’t hurt but it will most likely cause pressure.This is done in order to do a Pap smear. Cell tissue is painlessly gathered from your cervix using a brush.Your health care provider also checks for STDs
7 Bimanual ExamYour health care provider puts on gloves and gel, puts 1-2 fingers inside of you and touches the cervix.They will gently press on the abdomen and check the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.All three parts take less than 5 minutes to complete in total.
8 Breast ExamYour health care provider will also check your breasts for lumps. She or he will press gently around your breast and under the arm. They will look for discharge from the nipples and at the skin on the breast. You should do a self breast exam every month.
9 When to have a pelvic exam: Routine checkup every yearHeavy vaginal discharge that itches, burns or smellsHeavy vaginal bleeding or bleeding between periodsPainful intercourseMenstrual cramps that cause you to miss school or workAny signs of pregnancySide-effects of birth controlNo periods by age 16
10 Submitted by Sara Fierst, Resident Assistant, UW-Platteville