2 What is Cancer? Cancer is a cellular disease Abnormal cell growth Cells grow out of control and forms tumorsIf the tumor is within a gland, the cancer is said to be localizedIf the cancer escapes the gland it is called systemic spreadEarly detection before the cancer escapes the gland is very important
5 DefinitionBreast cancer is the uncontrollable growth and spread of abnormal cells in the breastIf not controlled, it can lead to deathAn estimate 40,460 deaths will occur from female breast cancer in 2007Only lung cancer accounts for more cancer in women.
6 Signs and SymptomsThe earliest sign is an abnormality that shows up on a mammogram before it can be felt by the woman or health care provider.Early stages of breast cancer usually do not produce symptoms.
7 Signs and Symptoms Continued… Painless mass (up to 10% of patients have breast pain and no mass)Breast changes: thickening, swelling, and skin irritation or distortionNipple changes: discharge, inversion, or tenderness.
8 9 out of 10 women survive breast cancer simply by early detection.
10 DefinitionCervical cancer is the uncontrollable growth and spread of abnormal cells in the cervix.Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18 have been found to cause 70% of cervical cancer cases.10,000 new cases of cervical cancer every year.
12 Signs and Symptoms Often times there are no symptoms. Women often times view the symptoms as related to her period.Once the cancer advances, symptoms may include:Abnormal bleedingHeavy dischargePelvic painPain during urination
13 Detection by a Doctor Pap Test Doctor scrapes cells from the cervix and examines them under a microscope to detect infection or abnormal cells.
19 Signs and Symptoms Lump in the testicle, usually painless Swelling of the testicleSome men may develop back pain or swelling in the leg
20 Early Detection is Key * Self-Examination * Hold the penis out of the way and examine each testicle separatelyHold the testicle between the thumbs and fingers with both hands and roll it gently between the fingersLook and feel for any hard lumps or change in the size, shape, or consistency of the testes
23 DefinitionProstate Cancer is the uncontrollable growth of cells in the prostate gland.In the United States, 218,890 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer. That is one man diagnosed every 3 minutes.
24 Signs and Symptoms There may be none at all!!! Major Signs and Symptoms:Urinary FrequencySlow urinary flowPainful urinationBlood in urine or semenImpotenceLower back or thigh pain
25 Risk FactorsAge: The risk increases with age, but 25% of diagnoses are made under age 65.Race: African-Americans have a rate of incidence double that of Caucasian men.Family History of Prostate Cancer: Men with a family history have two-to-three fold increase in the risk of prostate cancer.Diet: A diet high in saturated animal fat can double the risk of developing prostate cancer.
26 Detection by Doctor Digital Rectal Examination (DRE) Doctor examination by feeling the prostate with his/her fingers through the rectum