2 Chapter 1 Section 1 History – study of the past A battle that happened 5,000 years ago and an election that happened yesterday are both parts of history.Historians want to know how people lived and why they did the things they did.They wanted to know how and where they worked, fought, traded, farm and worship.
3 Chapter 1 Section 1Culture – knowledge, beliefs, customs and values of a groupArchaeology – study of the past based on what was left behindArchaeologist explore places where people once lived, worked or foughtThings that people may have left behind include jewelry, dishes or weapons.
4 Chapter 1 Section 1Famous saying – “Those who forget their past are doomed to repeat it.”People who ignore the results of past decisions often make the same mistakes over and over.
5 Chapter 1 Section 1 Benefits of Studying History Helps us understand the world today and make better decisions in the futureHelps us know ourselves, others and the world.
6 Chapter 1 Section 1Fossil – a part or imprint of something that once was aliveArtifacts – objects created by and used by humans : ex. coins, arrowheads, toys and pottery
7 Chapter 1 Section 1Primary sources – account of an event created by someone who took part in or witnessed the eventA journal of a soldier in the Civil War.
8 Chapter 1 Section 1Secondary sources – information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an eventHistory textbooks, magazine articles and encyclopediasThey gather information about events from different sources.
9 Chapter 1 Section 2Geography – study of the Earth’s physical and cultural featuresPhysical Geography – study of the Earth’s land and featuresLandforms – mountains, valleys, plains, rivers, deserts and other features
10 Chapter 1 Section 2Climate – pattern of weather conditions in a certain area for a long period of timeClimate is not the same as weather.Weather is the conditions at a specific time and place
11 Chapter 1 Section 2Environment – all living and nonliving things that affect life in an area
12 Chapter 1 Section 2Human Geography – study different things about people and their culturesex – work, food, religions, homesHuman geography also deals with how the environment affects peopleex – people settle near rivers
13 Chapter 1 Section 2 Location – exact description of where something is Maps – People have been making maps for more than 4,000 years.Region – area with one or more features that make it different from surrounding areas
14 Chapter 1 Section 2Resources – materials found in the Earth that people need and valueEarly times, essential resources included water, animals, fertile land and stones for tools.The world’s first societies formed along rivers.Crops could be grown better on the fertile land along the rivers.