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Chapter 1 – Uncovering the Past Section NotesVideo Archaeology, History, and Geography Images Studying the Past Understanding the World Clues from the.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 – Uncovering the Past Section NotesVideo Archaeology, History, and Geography Images Studying the Past Understanding the World Clues from the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 1 – Uncovering the Past Section NotesVideo Archaeology, History, and Geography Images Studying the Past Understanding the World Clues from the Past Geography Quick Facts Chapter 1 Visual Summary Maps Studying Maps: California Teotihuacán, c. AD 500 Studying History Studying Geography

2 Chapter 1 Lesson 1 Studying History The Big Idea Historians use many kinds of clues to understand how people lived in the past. Main Ideas History is the study of the past. We can improve our understanding of people’s actions and beliefs through the study of history. Historians use clues from various sources to learn about the past.

3 I. The Study of the Past A.What is History? 1.Historians are people who study the past to understand people’s culture. 2.Culture is the knowledge, beliefs, customs, and values of a group of people. 3.Archaeology is the study of the past based on what people left behind.

4 B. What is Archaeology? 1.Archaeologists, or people who study archaeology, explore places where people once lived, worked, or fought. 2.The things that people leave in these places can range from stone tools to computers. 3.Objects can be examined to learn about the past and are clues to how people once lived.

5 II. Understanding through History A. Knowing Yourself 1.Without your personal history, you would not have an identity. 2.History is just as important for groups as it is for individuals. 3.History teaches us about the experiences we have been through and the values we share.

6 B. Knowing Others 1.History shows how cultures are similar and different. 2.You can understand why people think the way they do by studying history. 3.This knowledge promotes tolerance and can help build social harmony.

7 C. Knowing Your World 1.History explains how today’s events are shaped by past events. 2.It also helps you develop mental skills, such as asking questions. 3.History promotes good decision- making skills.

8 III. Using Clues 1. Fossils and artifacts give information about early humans. 2.A fossil is a part or an imprint of something that was once alive. 3.Artifacts are objects created and used by humans. 4.Writing is another important source of information.

9 A. Sources of Information 1.A primary source is an account of an event that is created by someone who took part in or witnessed the event. 2.A secondary source is information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event. B. Sources of Change 1.As historians review and reanalyze information, their interpretations can change.

10 Chapter 1 Lesson 2 Studying Geography The Big Idea Physical geography and human geography contribute to the study of history Main Ideas Geography is the study of places and people. Studying location is important to both physical and human geography. Geography and history are closely connected.

11 I.Studying Places and People 1.Geography includes the study of both physical and cultural features. 2.Physical geography is the study of the earth’s land and features. 3.Human geography is the study of people and the places where they live.

12 A. Physical Geography 1.Landforms are the natural features of the land’s surface. 2.Climate is the pattern of weather conditions in a certain area over a long period of time. 3.Landforms and climate are part of a place’s environment.

13 B. Human Geography 1.Geographers study people and the places where they live. 2.They also study how the environment affects people.

14 II.Studying Location 1.Location is the exact description of where something is. 2.To study various locations, geographers use maps. 3.Every place on the Earth has a specific location. 4.No two places in the world are exactly alike. 5.By comparing locations, geographers learn more about the factors that affect each of them.

15 A. Learning from Maps 1.A drawing of an area 2.Maps focus on different things, such as features, cities, or boundaries. 3.Most maps have symbols to represent different things.

16 B. Learning about Regions 1.Regions: an area with one or more features that make it different from surrounding areas 2.The features of a region can be physical, such as forests or grassland. 3.Human features, such as language or religion, also define regions.

17 III. Geography and History 1.Resources in an area were critical to early settlement. 2.Early people developed vastly different cultures because of their environments. 3.Geography has helped shape history and has affected the growth of societies.

18 A. Geography Affects Resources 1.Materials found in the earth that people need and value. 2.Essential early resources included water, animals, fertile land, and stones for tools.

19 B. Geography Shapes Cultures 1.People developed different cultures based on their environment. 2.Some people developed religious beliefs based on the geography of their area. 3.Geography affected the growth of civilizations. The first societies formed along rivers. 4.Some geographic features protected areas from invasion.

20 C. Geography Influences History 1.People in areas with many natural resources could use them to get rich and to build powerful cities. 2.Geography causes weather-related problems such as floods and food shortages. 3.People can affect geography by planting trees, building lakes, or creating wastelands.








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