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Updates of Networking in AP CCIRN at Cairns July 3, 2004 Shigeki Goto/Yong-Jin Park/Xing Li/George Mclaughlin/Simon Lin.

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Presentation on theme: "Updates of Networking in AP CCIRN at Cairns July 3, 2004 Shigeki Goto/Yong-Jin Park/Xing Li/George Mclaughlin/Simon Lin."— Presentation transcript:

1 Updates of Networking in AP CCIRN at Cairns July 3, 2004 Shigeki Goto/Yong-Jin Park/Xing Li/George Mclaughlin/Simon Lin

2 APAN Updates APAN Bylaws were approved by APAN Primary members on May 19, Professor Shigeki Goto was appointed as APAN Chair in June 2004.

3 Korea Japan China Philippines Singapore Malaysia Thailand 1.2Gbps 1Gbps 155Mbps Mbps 90Mbps 310Mbps 8Mbps 2Mbps 1.5Mbps(Satellite) Taiwan 155Mbps Hongkong 5Gbps APIITEIN TransPAC Indonesia 1.5Mbps( Satellite) KR TW JP TH MY ID SG HK PH APII EU GEANT 34Mbps CN Australia AU USA STARTAP STARLIGHT Sri Lanka SL 1.5Mbps( Satellite) APAN Link Status as of May x155 Mbps 5Gbps

4 CountriesNetworkBandwidth(Mbps)AvailabilityAUP/Remark AU-JPAARNet155(plan) R&E AU-USAARNet310Now R&E, 20Gbps in 2004Q2 CN-HKCERNET622Now R&E, (1~2.5Gbps in 2004) CN-HKCSTNET155Now R&E, 2.5Gbps in 2004 CN-JPCERNET155Now R&E CN-JPCERNET45Now Native IPv6 CN-UKCERNET45Now R&E CN-USCERNET155Now R&E CN-USCSTNET155Now Research HK-USHARNET45Now R&E HK-TWHARNET/TANET100Now R&E JP-HKAPII45Now R&E, (2.5Gbps in 2004Q2) JP-IDAI3(ITB)2/1.5Now R&E JP-KRAPII2GbpsNow Research (APII) JP-LKAI3(ICT)1.5/0.5(plan) R&E JP-MYAI3(USM)1.5/0.5Now R&E JP-PHAI3(ASTI)1.5/0.5Now R&E JP-PHMAFFIN6Now Research JP-SGAI3(SICU)1.5/0.5Now R&E JP-SG 1Gbps(plan) R&E JP-THAI3(AIT)1.5/0.5Now R&E JP-THSINET (ThaiSarn)2Now R&E JP-USTransPac5 GbpsNow R&E, (20Gbps in 2004) JP-VNAI3(IOIT)1.5/0.5Now R&E APAN Link Status (1) as of May 2004

5 CountriesNetworkBandwidth(Mbps)AvailabilityAUP/Remark KR-CNAPII155x22004Q3 R&E KR-FRKOREN/RENATER34Now Research (TEIN) KR-SGAPII(KOREN)8Now R&E KR-USKOREN/KREONet21.2GNow R&E LK-JPLEARN2.5Now R&E MY-THTEMAN/ThaiSarn8~45(plan) R&E SG-USSingaREN90Now R&E TH-USUninet155Now R&E TW-HKASNET/TANET155Now R&E TW-JPASNET/TANET622Now R&E TW-USASNET/TANET5GNow R&E TW-UKASNET/TANET155Now R&E, through US US-JPIEEAF10.6Gbps2003 Q4 R&E Non APAN Links CountriesNetworkBandwidth(Mbps)AvailabilityAUP IN-CHLHC Research (HEP) IN-US/UKERNET16Now R&E JP-(US)-EUSINET155Now R&E / No Transit JP-USSINET5 GbpsNow R&E / No Transit APAN Link Status (2) as of May 2004

6 Japan

7 List of Events & Plan after APAN Bu san meeting (2003.8) - TransPAC link - Tokyo-China link - Bandwidth challenge at SC Tokyo-Honolulu link -- Japan-Philippines link upgrade -- Hawaii Workshop jointly with Internet 2, etc.

8 TransPAC link

9 Current TransPAC (2.5 Gbps x 2) Shima South Maruyama KDDI Otemachi Manchester MorroBay KDDI LA Abilene LA StarLight(Chicago) (1) KDDI Otemachi---Maruyama---Manchester---KDDI LA---Abilene LA (2) KDDI Otemachi---Shima South---MorroBay-----KDDI LA----StarLight Japan-US Cable Link Owner of JP side has been changed from JST into NICT in Nov. 1, 2003

10 TransPAC Network Topology OC-48 link will be upgraded into OC-192 shortly. To be connected to LaLaLAN

11 TransPAC links of OC192 (planned) Tokyo-Chicago –SONET OC192 –STS-12c x 16 (possible to change into STS192c, STS48c x 4 etc) –TokyoXP - Carrier-LA : Preemptive, Carrier-LA - NWU : Low Priority –Tokyo : APAN TokyoXP, Chicago : StarLight Tokyo-LA –SONET STS192c –TokyoXP - Carrier-LA : Protected, Carrier-LA - Abilene : protected –Tokyo : APAN TokyoXP, LA : Abilene Tyco Shinagawa Tyco LA Tokyo XP TransLIGHT Carrier-LA Abilene CHIN Lambda Router Carrier ADM (NEC Product) SONET OC-192 STS12c x 16 (initial) SONET OC192 STS12c x 16 (initial) Low Priority 10GigE Pro8812+ OC192 POS Cisco ONS ML x 4 +OC192IR x 1 +XC-10G x 1 Cisco ONS SONET STS192c Protected Cisco ONS ML x 4 +OC192IR x 1 +XC-10G x 1 SL Switch LOSA Carrier ADM

12 China – JP Link

13 Link upgrades & Plan Beijing-Tokyo link was upgraded from 10Mbps into 45Mbps in November, But the link is almost fully used, and the further upgrade is expected. Hong Kong – Tokyo link is the cost-effective s olution, and NICT is studying to install the link of 2.4Gbps. APAN-JP will peer with both CERNET and C STNET in Hong Kong. TANET2 and HARNE T will join the peerings later on.

14 China – Japan Gigabit Links (planned) APAN GbE TransPAC 2.5Gbps x 2 10Gλx 2 in 2004 SL CERNET CSTNET 2.5Gbps SONET (2.5Gbps x 2 in future) GbE/SONET Converter WIDE DIX-6 apan WIDE DIX-4SINET JGN Genkai GbE KR Dragon Tap & CNGI XP Conv. JAPAN China 2.5Gbps SONET LA IPv6 GEIPv4 GE E over MPLS 6TNet BUPT

15 Bandwidth challenge at SC2003

16 SC2003 Bandwidth Challenge Three awards by APAN-JP member s: 1. Application Award: "Multi-Continen tal Telescience," 2. Distance x Bandwidth Product & N etwork Technology Award: "Transmis sion Rate Controlled TCP on Data Res ervoir 3. Distributed Infrastructure Award: " Trans-Pacific Grid Datafarm,"

17 Tokyo-Hawaii link

18 U-Hawaii has OC3 circuit over Ja pan-US cable U-Hawaii & Japan have worked together for establishing the links: - 45Mbps link donated during iGrid Mbps TransPAC link in < This link was cut off when TransPAC link was upgraded into 622Mbps.> - 155Mbps U-Hawaii link from

19 19 Why is Hawaii so important? Ethnic gene pool and diversity and disease population Lifestyle and cultural similarities to Japan Demographics of Hawaii can not be duplic ated anywhere else in the United States. The healthcare industry in Hawaii is unifie d with the University of Hawaii in the area of teaching and research 25-year track record of collaboration betw een Japan and Hawaii cancer researchers

20 MRTG grpah of Tokyo-Honolulu link APAN Remote Medical Conference was held yesterday in Cairns via Hawaii.

21 Japan-Philippines link upgrade

22 New Japan-Philippines link (2MbpsX3) The link was upgraded from 768kbps into 6Mbps, but is almost fully used!

23 Hawaii Workshop - APAN organized Workshop jointl y with Internet2, etc. in Hawaii in and Both workshop were very product ive for both USA and Asian countrie s. Join Techs Workshop recorded t he biggest number of participants.

24 Korea

25 International Link Update KR-US: 1.2Gbps KR-JP: 1Gbps KR-SG: 8Mbps KR-EU (TEIN): 34Mbps KR-CN: 155Mbps(CERNET) + 155Mbps(CSTNET) (2004Q3)

26 Seoul Daejun Daegu Busan Gwangju Suwon GSR 155 M JGN (JP) 1 G ATM Switch 155Mbps 2.5Gbps Router Remark DWDM 40 Gbps Gigabit Switch GSR 6 M 10 M Backbone : 40G ~ 2.5G Access Network : 1G ~ 155Mbps KOREN Topology GSR STARTAP (USA) GEANT (EU) SingAREN (SG) GSR

27 KOREN Update (Year 2003)

28 10Gbps Triangle After 2006 Proposed C-J-K Infra. KR JP CN 1Gbps 45M/155M (initial) 2.5Gbps (future) 20Mbps (2.5G future) CRL, JGN KOREN 2.5Gbps(future) DRAGONTAP

29 Research Labs. Universities Government Orgs. Industrial Labs. Supercomputer Users Etc.Total KREONET/KREONet2 II

30 Domestic Lambda Networking I 10G Seoul 2.5G 10G 5G SeoulSuwon Incheon Chungnam Jeonju Kwangju Daejeon Changwon Busan Daegu Pohang Core Router Legend ONS15454 Access Router GigE Switch 10G 2.5G WDM 120G 2.5G 10G 2.5G 5G

31 Domestic Lambda Networking KREONet2 Layer 2 / Layer 1 network Lightpath Provisioning System based on User Applications Layer 3 Traffic Engineering Grid Applications e-Science Applications Supercomputing Applications KREONet2 Routers Point-to-point lightpath Operations Management

32 International Lambda Networking Participation in Global-scale Lambda Networking KR-North America : KR-CA-US Global lambda networking : EU, Asia (JP, CN, TW), etc. Chicago STM-4 * 2 Seattle (PW) APII-testbed/KREONet2 KREONET/SuperSIReN CA*Net4 Global Lambda Networking STAR LIGHT

33 6KREONET and Testbed I Suwon Seoul Incheon Daejeon Cheonan GwangJu JeonJu Changwon Busan Pohang Daegu 2.5G 2.5G 10G 2.5G 5G 2.5G 5G 2.5G 2.5G 5G Cisco GSR Cisco OSR/Catalyst Cisco Router IPv4/IPv6 IPv4 IPv6 Applications - Supercomputer/ Cluster - Information/ DB - News, FTP, Etc. IPv6 Applications - Supercomputer/ Cluster - Information/ DB - News, FTP, Etc. KREONET IPv4/IPv6 Dualstack Network KREONET IPv6 sTLA : 2001:320::/32 IPv4/IPv6 Dual Network - Seven 6GigaPoPs IPv6 Transition : 6to4, ISATAP ITN : 6TAP, Internet2, CA*net4 IPv6 Services - DNS, Web, Whois - IPv6 Traffic Measurement - IPv6 monitoring (Looking Glass)

34 during , 7 institutes, 10Gbps regional testbed 10Gbps 10Gbps 10Gbps 1 10Gbps 10Gbps 1 10Gbps 10Gbps 54Mbps(wireless) 54Mbps(wireless) 1~10Gbpslink(wire) 54Mbps link(wireless) 1Gbps ( ) SuperSIReN ~1.5Gbpslink(FSO) Gbps (FSO) Hyunhae/Genkai 10Gbps 10Gbps 45Mbps45Mbps 1Gbps 10Gbps 10Gbps 54Mbps(wireless) 54Mbps(wireless) 1~10Gbpslink(wire) 54Mbps link(wireless) 10Gbps SuperSIReN ~1.5Gbpslink(FSO) ~1.5 Gbps (FSO) 1 Gbps( ) 10Gbps APII SuperSIReN II

35 Daejeon GSR Catalyst 6506 Catalyst 6509 OSR G 10G ONS DWDM(320G) + MSPP(10G) ONS G 10GbE/GbE SuperSIReN III ( )

36 China

37 CERNET Topology

38 CERNET Statistics 8 national Pops are connected via 2.5Gbps DWDM links 30 provincial Pops are connected via multiple 155Mbps SDH lin ks 38 GigaPops distributed in 36 cities, covering all the provinces i n Mainland China. 300 campus networks connect to their nearest Pops via 100Mbp s-1Gbps links. 1,500 education and research institutions connected 15 million users 320 million students/school kids in mainland China

39 CSTNet Geographic Map

40 CSTNet Status * International Bandwidth 155M+155M * Domestic Interconnection with other networks 2.5G+GE+155M*2+more * International traffic GByte/Day * Access network >1000 * Computer connected 250,000 * User nearly 1M

41 CNGI Project

42 CERNET2 Backbone



45 Applications High Performance –Grid Realtime –Video and Virtual Laboratory Mobile –Distributed Monitoring and Applications Multicast –Large scale video conferences

46 Australia

47 Key Strategic Alliances with Powerlink (North Queensland) and TransGrid (NSW) – power utility companies that provided fibre to regional areas – resulted in gigabit capacity where not previously economically feasible with Australian Government and the Australian Research and Educ ation Network Initiative (AREN) – provided funding to catalyse key r egional initiatives with Southern Cross on SXTransPORT with Leightons (construction company – 2 fibre pairs across Australia as basis for AARNet3 and regional gigabit connectivity (eg to remote telescopes) with AUSAID (Australian Aid Agency) to provide a connection from the Fiji Campus of the University of the South Pacific to AARNet an d global R&E networks

48 Gigabit capacity within Australia – challenges and solutions Poor response to request to carriers to make dark fibre available –Solution: use AARNets carrier licence to carry out civil works to lay our own fibre –Generally only needed to do once in any area after this some players willing to sell/lease dark fibre Poor response from traditional carriers for high capacity connectivity to regional areas –Solution: form strategic alliances with power utilities for mutual benefit –Now have affordable gigabit capacity in North Queensland and inland NSW Tasmania, an island state south of Melbourne, monopoly carrier, no affordable high capacity option –Solution: form strategic alliance with State govt, gas pipeline group to deploy alternative undersea cable capacity

49 Grasp the rare opportunities - NextGen Both of the two new fibre build initiatives in Australia went into receivership in 2003 One of these (NextGen) had a footprint of fibre that was of great interest to AARNets clients (the universities, research bodies, especially the astronomers) AARNet made a bid in its own right initially, but ended up partnering with the construction company that built the network (Leightons) Concluded agreement on Christmas eve after a 5 months process Provides 2 fibre pairs Australia wide (Brisbane to Perth) 1st pair lit as 10 Gbps for inter-capital trunks 2nd pair equipped by APL as regional fibre loops Access to space in all capital city central offices and controlled environment vaults (huts) along the routes

50 AARNets Australian Network

51 Overview - International Links Add drop offs to existing STM-1/OC3 (155Mbps ) –Mixed traffic - R&E and Commodity –University of South Pacific, Fiji –Possibly Auckland, New Zealand –Connects to 155Mbps path to Tokyo from Hawaii Dual STM-4 (622Mbps) –Commodity Internet transit - NTT/Verio and MCI –PAIX Palo Alto –Los Angeles SX TransPORT - Dual STM-64 (10Gbps) –Research and Education (R&E) traffic only - AUP –Hawaii - Manoa and Seattle (Abilene, CA*net 4, NLR) –Los Angeles (Abilene, TransPac, CENIC, CUDI) –Look to add Mauna Kea to Los Angeles path later

52 Dual 155Mbps circuits – regional and Pacific Island connectivity 4-drop ring (4 unprotected circuits, MPLS, fast failover) –Sydney-Suva (new) –Suva-Oahu (Hawaii) – and then to U Hawaii, Manoa –Oahu-Hillsboro – and then to Pacific Wave, Seattle –Hillsboro-Sydney AUSAID to provide funding for the University of the Sout h Pacific to contract AARNet to provide connections to AARNet and the global R&E Networks (monopoly carrie r issues) Interconnect at Hawaii with new Hawaii –Tokyo link USPNet to other Pacific Islands to be upgraded later Possible connection of NZ later

53 AARNETs Pacific Rim Network

54 Dual 622Mbps circuits – commodity traffic Access Commodity Internet in Palo Alto –Connected to the PAIX peering fabric –Obtain transit from MCI and NTT/Verio –Peer with other organisations at PAIX Add second commodity POP in Los Angeles –Need to determine –data centre location –backhaul from Morro Bay (San Luis Obispo) –transit providers, at least one in common with Palo Alto site

55 AARNETs Pacific Rim Network

56 Dual 10Gbps circuits – SXTransPORT Trans Pacific Optical Research Testbed Major new partnership announced between AARNet and Southern Cross Cable Network (SX) on 11 December 2003 Support from Australian Government Dual 10Gbps circuits between Australia and US West Coast Activation Q3/2004, Initial term 5 years, option for 5-year term AUP applies similar to Abilene Advisory Board to be set up with reps expected from SX, AARN et, global research interests Will provide affordable high throughput access allowing Australi a to effectively participate in global e-science initiatives Will strengthen case for locating unique research facilities in Au stralia, eg Square Kilometre Array

57 AARNETs Pacific Rim Network

58 A cooperative Pacific Rim mode l

59 AARNETs International Connections

60 Taiwan

61 TW R&E Network International Connect Japan US-East Hong Kong HARNet NL-Amsterdam AMSIX 622M 2.4G 6.2G (now) * 2.5 to Seattle * 3.7 to PAIX 2.4Gbps US-West Singapore SingAREN 155M 622M + 1G

62 High Energy Physics: Atlas, CMS, CDF (Academia Sinica, NTU, NCU) Bioinformatics: BioPortal, HealthGrid (Academia Sinica) Digital Archive Grid (Academia Sinica) Biodiversity Informatics (Academia Sinica) Parallel Computing Environment (Academia Sinica) eLearning (Academia Sinica) Access Grid (Academia Sinica & NCHC) Tele-Science (NCHC) Eco-Grid (prototyping by NCHC) –National Land Use Monitoring & Analysis –Structure Monitoring of Buildings for Earthquake Risk –Flood Forecasting & Monitoring –SARS Grid –3D Imaging of Neural Structure of Fruit Fries Moving to World-Wide Grid (WWG) and eScience Grid Activities in Taiwan

63 Take Advantage of Grid Technology to –Facilitate resource sharing and collaboration in Taiwan and with other academic institutes –Build up more robust IT Infrastructure –Federating distributed resources of computing, storage and data Learn from LCG/HEP to expand to other academic discipline, such as bioinformatics, and toward eScience Provide Secure, Reliable and Ubiquitous Services Goals of Grid Development in AS

64 Contributions of Taiwan in LCG Collaborate ATLAS & CMS Teams in Taiwan Acting as Tier-1 and Tier-2 Site for Data Challenge LCG LCG Core Site 2nd Grid Operation Center (GOC) 2nd Global Grid User Support (GGUS) Center Participate LCG Technology Development Data Management Grid Technology Certification & Testing Application Software ARDA

65 LCG1 Status –LCG-0 Deployed at March 19, 2003, just after RAL and CNAF –ASGCCA Approved: June 12th, 2003 –Keep 2~6 Staffs Stationed at CERN from July 2003 Join GTA, DB, Application, and C&T teams for LCG Development –LCG-1 Testbed Ready: July 30, 2003 Sep. 2: LCG1-1_0_0 Ready Oct.28: LCG1-1_1_0 Ready Nov. 7: LCG1-1_1_1.I Ready Dec.: LCG1-1_1_3 Ready LCG System Deployment RAL FNAL BNL WEST1 RegionGIIS WEST2 RegionGIIS CERN CNAF LYONMOSCOW FZK TOKYO EAST1 RegionGIIS EAST2 RegionGIIS EAST3 RegionGIIS TAIPEI (AS)

66 RegionA1 GIIS RegionA2 GIIS BDII A LDAP BDII B LDAP RB RegionB1 GIIS RegionB2 GIIS CE1 GRIS CE2 GRIS SE1 GRIS SE2 GRIS SiteC GIIS CE1 GRIS CE2 GRIS SE1 GRIS SE2 GRIS SiteD GIIS CE1 GRIS CE2 GRIS SE1 GRIS SE2 GRIS SiteA GIIS CE1 GRIS CE2 GRIS SE1 GRIS SE2 GRIS SiteB GIIS Query Register secondary primary Current Status Acting as the East GIIS LCG2 Deployment –19/01/2004 Ready to be one of the 8 LCG2 Core Sites –2/2004 Start supporting Data Challenge of Alice, CMS and ATLAS Tier2 Sites in Taiwan will be ready and integrated in 1Q2004 (NTU, NCU & ASIP) Keep system availability to 99.8%

67 A second operations & support centre in Taipei Grid Operations Centre at RAL User Support Centre at FZK LCG Global Operation and Support

68 From WWW toward WWG –work with other institutes, especially in Asia, to develop World Wide Grid infostructure together eScience –based on lessons learned from LCG, is extending Grid technology to broader research areas applications Interoperability with other Grid Systems if needed Outreach and Collaboration –build a Grid supporting infrastructure with other Asian Institutes –promote LCG/ EGEE technology and applications –collaborate in technology development and applications with other institutes, for example, Grid 3 in US Future Works

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