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THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION CALVINISM TEARING DOWN THE ROMAN EMPIRE.

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Presentation on theme: "THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION CALVINISM TEARING DOWN THE ROMAN EMPIRE."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION CALVINISM TEARING DOWN THE ROMAN EMPIRE

2 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION Revolution in religious thought & practice  Challenged established authority & secured triumph of secular power  Contributed to centuries of violent conflict  Shaped identities & changed map of Europe  Contributed to ascendancy of individualism

3 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION Continuing crisis of the Church  Growing popular dissatisfaction  too much emphasis on ritual  increasing secularization  wealth, corruption, abuse Caricature of Pope Alexander VI

4 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION Continuing crisis of the Church  Calls for reform  John Wycliffe  Jan Hus  Erasmus Erasmus Jan Hus, burnt at stake John Wycliffe Jan Hus

5 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION Continuing crisis of the Church  rejection of formal ritual & doctrine  Personal & spiritual crises  emphasis on personal salvation

6 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION MARTIN LUTHER ( )  “Justification by Faith Alone”  good works = evidence of grace, not cause  selling indulgences  JOHANNES TETZEL  authorized by Pope

7 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION MARTIN LUTHER ( )  Ninety-Five Theses (1517)  condemned selling of indulgences  only inner grace & faith guaranteed salvation Luther nails Ninety-Five Theses to Wittenburg Castle, Oct. 31, 1517  denied papal authority over faith

8 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION MARTIN LUTHER ( )  Revised Christian doctrine  clergy no different than rest  rejected belief in purgatory  reduced 7 sacraments to 2: baptism & communion  called for end of monasteries The balance: The Church v. the Bible

9 THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION LUTHERANISM  Led to political, economic & social upheaval  rulers used it as pretense to attack neighbors  peasants used it as pretense to revolt against overlords  led to extreme religious movements & zealotry German Peasants’ Revolt, 1524  Quickly spread through Germany


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